Scyphosphaera apsteinii


Classification: Coccolithophores -> Zygodiscales -> Pontosphaeraceae -> Scyphosphaera -> Scyphosphaera apsteinii
Sister taxa: S. apsteinii, S. porosa, S. brevis, S. globulata, S. hamptonii, S. hemirana, S. lagena, S. campanula, S. intermedia, S. pulcherrima, S. tubifera, S. ventriosa, S. columella, S. expansa, S. interstincta, S. olla, S. tercisensis, S. tubicena, S. sp.,

Daughter taxa: (blue => in age window 0-800Ma)
  • Form of S. apsteinii with wide distal opening.

Taxonomy:

Citation: Scyphosphaera apsteinii Lohmann, 1902
Rank: Species
Basionym: Scyphosphaera apsteini Lohmann, 1902
Variants:
Synonyms: Pontosphaera scutellum Kamptner (1952) [detailed description of isolated body coccolith, absence of pore means it is unlikely to be P. japonica  - JRY 2015]
Notes & discussion: S. apsteinii body coccoilths are very similar to those of P. japonica - but have a less regular array of pores. In the fossil record the separation is not practicable so P. japonica is a pragmatic identification for likely body coccoliths of S. apsteinii.

Distinguishing features: Simple convex outward profile, or somewhat constricted at base.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Scyphosphaera apsteini * , Scyphosphaera ampla * , Scyphosphaera globulosa * , Scyphosphaera graphica * , Scyphosphaera inversiconica * , Scyphosphaera piriformis * , Scyphosphaera procera * , Scyphosphaera apsteini recta * , Scyphosphaera recurvata * , Pontosphaera scutellum *


Biology & life-cycles: A single, unambiguous, combination coccosphere with Scyphosphaera apsteinii HOL was described and illustrated by Frada et al. (2009) from the North Atlantic. Drescher et al. (2009) document in detail the cytology and coccolith formation based on culture observations, "Live cell imaging demonstrates that the cells possess the extraordinary ability to completely reorient the disposition of the coccoliths at the cell surface during and post-secretion".

See also: Scyphosphaera apsteinii HOL ;

Search data:
TagsLITHS: murolith, tubular, elliptical, RIM: outer wall acw-imbricate, rim-low, CA: plate, pores,
CSPH: spherical, EqC, EqC-tubular, polymorphic, V-UNITS: outer-rim, R-UNITS: c-str, inner-rim, px-plate, DETAILS: rim-bicyclic, isogyres oblique, isogyres separated,
MetricsLith size: 10->25µm; Coccosphere size: 25->45µm; Liths per sphere: 30->40
Sources: lith size from illustrated specimens; csph data from Cros & Fortuño 2003; lith size is height of lopadoliths
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within NP12 zone (50.50-53.70Ma, base in Ypresian stage). Data source: Siesser, 1998

Plot of occurrence data:

  • Histogram - Neptune occurrence data from DSDP and ODP proceedings. Pale shading <50 samples in time bin. Interpret with caution & read these notes
  • Note to users in China - the diagram may not plot unless you use a VPN since I use google services on the website. If this is a problem please contact me 谢谢.
  • Taxon plotted: Scyphosphaera apsteinii, synonyms included - Discolithina globulosa; Scyphosphaera ampla; Scyphosphaera apsteinii; Scyphosphaera biarritzensis; Scyphosphaera globulosa; Scyphosphaera graphica; Scyphosphaera inversiconica; Scyphosphaera piriformis; Scyphosphaera procera; Scyphosphaera recta; Scyphosphaera recurvata;
  • space-time plot :: Samples map :: Parent: Scyphosphaera

    References:

    Bown, P. R. & Newsam, C. (2017). Calcareous nannofossils from the Eocene North Atlantic Ocean (IODP Expedition 342 Sites U1403–1411). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 37(1): 25-60. gs

    Bown, P. R. (2005d). Palaeogene calcareous nannofossils from the Kilwa and Lindi areas of coastal Tanzania (Tanzania Drilling Project 2003-4). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 27(1): 21-95. gs

    Cros, L. & Fortuño, J. -M. (2002). Atlas of northwestern Mediterranean coccolithophores. Scientia Marina. 66: 186-. gs

    Deflandre, G. (1942). Coccolithophoridés fossiles d'Oranie. Genres Scyphosphaera Lohmann et Thorosphaera Ostenfeld. Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse; Bulletin. 77: 125-137. gs

    Drescher, B., Dillaman, R. M. & Taylor, A. R (2009). Coccolithogenesis in Scyphosphaera apsteinii (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology. 48: 1343-1361. gs

    Dunkley Jones, T., Bown, P. R. & Pearson, P. (2009). Exceptionally well preserved upper Eocene to lower Oligocene calcareous nannofossils (Prymnesiophycidae) from the Pande Formation (Kilwa Group), Tanzania. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 7(4): 359-411. gs

    Frada, M., Percopo, I., Young, J. R., Zingone, A., de Vargas, C. & Probert, I. (2009a). First observations of heterococcolithophore-holococcolithophore life cycle combinations in the family Pontosphaeraceae (Calcihaptophycideae, Haptophyta). Marine Micropaleontology. 71(1): 20-27. gs

    Kamptner, E. (1955). Fossile Coccolithineen-Skelettreste aus Insulinde. Eine mikropaläontologische Untersuchung. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen; Afdeling Natuurkunde Verhandelingen. ser 2, 50: 1-105. gs

    Lohmann, H. (1902). Die Coccolithophoridae, eine Monographie der Coccolithen bildenden Flagellaten, zugleich ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Mittelmeerauftriebs. Archiv für Protistenkunde. 1: 89-165. gs

    Müller, C. (1974b). Calcareous nannoplankton, Leg 25 (Western Indian Ocean). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 25: 579-633. gs

    Perch-Nielsen, K. (1972). Remarks on Late Cretaceous to Pleistocene coccoliths from the North Atlantic. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 12: 1003-1069. gs

    Perch-Nielsen, K. (1977). Albian to Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils from the Western South Atlantic, DSDP Leg 39. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 39: 699-823. gs

    Siesser, W. G. (1998). Calcareous nannofossil Genus Scyphosphaera: structure, taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny. Micropaleontology. 44(4): 351-384. gs

    Varol, O. (1984). New Neogene calcareous nannofossil taxa from Malta and southern Turkey. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte. 6: 375-384. gs

    Varol, O. (1989a). Calcareous nannofossil study of the central and western Solomon Islands. Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources Earth Sciences. 239-268. gs

    Young, J. R. (1998). Neogene. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 225-265. gs

    Young, J. R., Geisen, M., Cros, L., Kleijne, A., Probert, I. & Ostergaard, J. B. (2003). A guide to extant coccolithophore taxonomy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, Special Issue. 1: 1-132. gs


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    Scyphosphaera apsteinii compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 13-12-2019

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    Short stable page link: http://mikrotax.org/Nannotax3/index.php?id=1220 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes



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