Chiasmolithus titus

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Coccolithales -> Coccolithaceae -> Chiasmolithus -> C. consuetus group -> Chiasmolithus titus
Sister taxa: C. californicus, C. consuetus, C. danicus, C. nitidus, C. titus,


Citation: Chiasmolithus titus Gartner, 1970
Rank: Species
Synonyms: Sullivania titus (Gartner, 1970) Varol, 1992

Distinguishing features: Medium to small Chiasmolithus with narrow central area spanned by one straight diagonal cross bar and one that is strongly bent/hooked.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Chiasmolithus titus *

Search data:
TagsLITHS: placolith, elliptical, RIM: psh-bicyclic, CA: cross, cross-offset, diagonal cross,
CSPH: spherical, equant, monomorphic, V-UNITS: distal shield, px-tube, V-prominent, R-UNITS: c-str, ds-tube, prox shield, R-prominent, DETAILS: ca_disjunct, rim-bicyclic, isogyres oblique,
MetricsLith size: 7->9µm;
Sources: size from Romein 1979
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within NP21 zone (32.92-34.44Ma, top in Rupelian stage). Data source: Perch-Nielsen 1985b
First occurrence (base): within NP15 zone (42.87-46.29Ma, base in Lutetian stage). Data source: Perch-Nielsen 1985

Plot of occurrence data:

  • Histogram - Neptune occurrence data from DSDP and ODP proceedings. Pale shading <50 samples in time bin. Interpret with caution & read these notes
  • Note to users in China - the diagram may not plot unless you use a VPN since I use google services on the website. If this is a problem please contact me 谢谢.
  • Taxon plotted: Chiasmolithus titus, synonyms included - Chiasmolithus titus; Sullivania titus;
  • space-time plot :: Samples map :: Parent: C. consuetus group


    Bown, P. R. & Dunkley Jones, T. (2012). Calcareous nannofossils from the Paleogene equatorial Pacific (IODP Expedition 320 Sites U1331-1334). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 32(2): 3-51. gs

    Bybell, L. (1975). Middle Eocene calcareous nannofossils at Little Stave Creek, Alabama. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology. 11(4): 177-247. gs

    Dunkley Jones, T., Bown, P. R. & Pearson, P. (2009). Exceptionally well preserved upper Eocene to lower Oligocene calcareous nannofossils (Prymnesiophycidae) from the Pande Formation (Kilwa Group), Tanzania. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 7(4): 359-411. gs

    Gartner, S. (1970). Phylogenetic lineages in the Lower Tertiary genus Chiasmolithus. Proceedings of the North American Paleontological Convention, September 1969. G(930-957): -. gs

    Perch-Nielsen, K. (1985a). Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils. In, Bolli, H. M. , Saunders, J. B. & Perch-Nielsen, K. (eds) Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 427-555. gs

    Shamrock, J. L. & Watkins, D. K. (2012). Eocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and community structure from Exmouth Plateau, Eastern Indian Ocean (ODP Site 762). Stratigraphy. 9(1): 1-11. gs

    Varol, O. (1992a). Sullivania a new genus of Palaeogene coccoliths. Journal of Micropalaeontology. 11: 141-150. gs


    Chiasmolithus titus compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 25-2-2020

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    Short stable page link: Go to to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

    Comments (1)

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    Vann Smith (New Orleans, US)

    How is Chiasmolithus titus distinguished from C. nitidus? They look very similar to me.

    Jeremy Young

    Vann - fair point they are every similar. They are being separated based on C. titus having one crossbar that is really hook-shaped (and the other more or less straight) as opposed to C. nitidus having one crossbar that is curved (and the other more or less straight). Dunkley Jones et al. (2009) use this explicitly and it does correspond to the original descriptions. [NB I have now edited the diagnoses slighlty to make this clearer] 

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