Acanthoica quattrospina HOL

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Holococcoliths -> tubeless -> fried egg monomorphic -> Acanthoica quattrospina HOL
Sister taxa: A. quattrospina HOL, s. aff. quattrospina HOL,

Distinguishing features: single-humped protrusion


Citation: Acanthoica quattrospina Lohmann, 1903 HOL
Rank: Form
Notes & discussion: This holococcolith phase was first described in Cros et al. 2000 and was never described as a separate speceis 

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages:

Distinguishing features: single-humped protrusion

Morphology remarks:
BCs solid disk one crystallite high, possibly with central opening; conical mound in centre.
CFCs similar to BCs but more elevated, dome-shaped.

Biology & life-cycles: Combination coccospheres with A. quattrospina HET observed by Cros et al. 2000, Cros & Fortuno 2002, Supraha et al. 2014, Triantaphyllou et al. 2016

Search data:
TagsLITHS: holococcolith, elliptical, RIM: flange-proximal, CA: H: fabric-irregular,
CSPH: ovoid, spherical, CFC, CFC-higher, polymorphic,
MetricsLith size: 1.5->2µm; Coccosphere size: 8->10µm;
Sources: lith and csph size from illustrated specimens
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

See also: Acanthoica quattrospina ;

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within No known fossil record modern (0.00-0.00Ma, base in stage). Data source: [JRY rough estimate]

Plot of occurrence data:

  • (NB There is no histogram as there are no occurrence records for the taxon in the Neptune database) Parent: fried egg monomorphic


    Cros, L. & Fortuño, J.-M. (2002). Atlas of northwestern Mediterranean coccolithophores. Scientia Marina, 66: 186. GS

    Cros, L.; Kleijne, A.; Zeltner, A.; Billard, C. & Young, J.R. (2000). New examples of holococcolith-heterococcolith combination coccospheres and their implications for coccolithophorid biology. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 1-34. GS

    Lohmann, H. (1903). Neue Untersuchungen über den Reichthum des Meeres an Plankton und über die Brauchbartkeit der verschiedenen Fangmethoden.Zugleich auch ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Mittelmeerauftriebs. Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen Abteilung Kiel, N.S., 7: 1-87. GS

    Supraha, L.; Ljubešić, Z.; Mihanović, H. & Henderiks, J. (2014). Observations on the life cycle and ecology of Acanthoica quattrospina Lohmann from a Mediterranean estuary. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34(special): 49-56. GS

    Triantaphyllou, M.; Karatsolis, B.; Dimiza, M.D.; Malinverno, E.; Cerino, F.; Psarra, S.; Jordan, R.W. & Young, J.R. (2016). Coccolithophore combination coccospheres from the NE Mediterranean Sea: new evidence and taxonomic revisions. Micropaleontology, 61(6): 457-472. GS


    Acanthoica quattrospina HOL compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 21-5-2019

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    Short stable page link: Go to to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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