Acanthoica quattrospina HOL

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Holococcoliths -> tubeless -> fried egg monomorphic -> Acanthoica quattrospina HOL
Sister taxa: A. quattrospina HOL, s. aff. quattrospina HOL,


Citation: Acanthoica quattrospina Lohmann, 1903 HOL
Rank: Form
Notes & discussion: This holococcolith phase was first described in Cros et al. 2000 and was never described as a separate speceis 

Distinguishing features: single-humped protrusion

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: ,

Morphology remarks:
BCs solid disk one crystallite high, possibly with central opening; conical mound in centre.
CFCs similar to BCs but more elevated, dome-shaped.

Biology & life-cycles: Combination coccospheres with A. quattrospina HET observed by Cros et al. 2000, Cros & Fortuno 2002, Supraha et al. 2014, Triantaphyllou et al. 2016

Search data:
TagsLITHS: holococcolith, elliptical, RIM: flange-proximal, CA: H: fabric-irregular,
CSPH: ovoid, spherical, CFC, CFC-higher, polymorphic,
MetricsLith size: 1.5->2µm; Coccosphere size: 8->10µm;
Sources: lith and csph size from illustrated specimens
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

See also: Acanthoica quattrospina ;

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within No known fossil record modern (0.00-0.00Ma, base in stage). Data source: [JRY rough estimate]

Plot of occurrence data:

  • (NB There is no histogram as there are no occurrence records for the taxon in the Neptune database) Parent: fried egg monomorphic


    Cros, L. & Fortuño, J. -M. (2002). Atlas of northwestern Mediterranean coccolithophores. Scientia Marina. 66: 186-. gs

    Cros, L., Kleijne, A., Zeltner, A., Billard, C. & Young, J. R. (2000b). New examples of holococcolith-heterococcolith combination coccospheres and their implications for coccolithophorid biology. Marine Micropaleontology. 39(1-4): 1-34. gs

    Lohmann, H. (1903). Neue Untersuchungen über den Reichthum des Meeres an Plankton und über die Brauchbartkeit der verschiedenen Fangmethoden.Zugleich auch ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Mittelmeerauftriebs. Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen Abteilung Kiel, N.S.. 7: 1-87. gs

    Supraha, L., Ljubes_ic_, Z., Mihanovic_, H. & Henderiks, J. (2014). Observations on the life cycle and ecology of Acanthoica quattrospina Lohmann from a Mediterranean estuary. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 34(special): 49-56. gs

    Triantaphyllou, M. et al. (2016). Coccolithophore combination coccospheres from the NE Mediterranean Sea: new evidence and taxonomic revisions. Micropaleontology. 61(6): 457-472. gs


    Acanthoica quattrospina HOL compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 16-7-2019

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    Short stable page link: Go to to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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