Anthosphaera periperforata

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Holococcoliths -> tubeless -> Anthosphaera -> Anthosphaera periperforata
Sister taxa: S. marginiporata HOL, S. molischii HOL, A. lafourcadii, A. origami, A. periperforata, A. sp. type C, A. sp.,

Daughter taxa: (blue => in age window 0-800Ma)
spines only on AACs, CFCs with flat top
spines on all BCs, CFCs with pointed top
BCs with large perforations, CFCs with low point


Citation: Anthosphaera periperforata Kleijne 1991
Rank: Species
Variants: Cros & Fortuño (2002) distinguish three types.
Type 1 - spines only on AACs, CFCs with flat top
Type 2 - spines on all BCs, CFCs with pointed top.
Type 3 - BCs with large perforations, CFCs with low point. This is almost certainly a distinct species.

Distinguishing features: Like S. molischii HOL but with prominent, oblique perforations, often conical; CFCs with arched process

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Anthosphaera periperforata *

Morphology remarks: Like A. fragaria, but BCs with large, anticlockwise-oblique, elongate, pores at base of dome, ca 1.5 µm long. CFCs with  medium-sized arched process (ca 1.5 µm). The body coccoliths are unusual in showing strong and consistent chirality.

Size: BCs ca 1.5 µm long

Search data:
TagsLITHS: holococcolith, H: cavate, conical, elliptical, cylindrical, hollow, RIM: flange-proximal, CA: H: fabric-irregular, grill, pores, closed, PROCESS: hollow,
CSPH: ovoid, spherical, equant, elongated, CFC, CFC+bridge, polymorphic,
MetricsLith size: 0.9->1.5µm; Coccosphere size: 5->7µm; Liths per sphere: 70->100
Sources: morphom data from Cros & Fortuño (2002) & Kleijne 1991
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within No known fossil record modern (0.00-0.00Ma, base in stage). Data source: [JRY rough estimate]

Plot of occurrence data:

  • (NB There is no histogram as there are no occurrence records for the taxon in the Neptune database) Parent: Anthosphaera


    Cros, L. & Fortuño, J. -M. (2002). Atlas of northwestern Mediterranean coccolithophores. Scientia Marina. 66: 186-. gs

    Kleijne, A. (1991). Holococcolithophorids from the Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology. 17: 1-76. gs


    Anthosphaera periperforata compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 22-2-2020

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