Calcidiscus bicircus

Classification: ntax_cenozoic -> Coccolithales -> Calcidiscaceae -> Calcidiscus -> C. pacificanus group -> Calcidiscus bicircus
Sister taxa: C. bicircus, C. gerrardii, C. pacificanus, C. parvicrucis, C. parvus, C. scullyae, C. kamikurii


Citation: Calcidiscus bicircus Bown, 2005
Rank: Species

Distinguishing features: Medium to large (5-9 µm) circular-subcircular placoliths with a non-birefringent distal shield and narrow to closed central area surrounded by a narrow, bright tube cycle.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: C. bicircus *

Search data:
TagsLITHS: placolith, circular, elliptical, CA: closed,
CSPH: equant, monomorphic, CROSS-POLARS: rim-bicyclic, V-prominent, R-prominent,
MetricsLith size: 5->9µm;
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within NP17 zone (37.32-40.40Ma, top in Priabonian stage). Data source: Bown et al., 2007
First occurrence (base): within NP12 zone (50.50-53.70Ma, base in Ypresian stage). Data source: Shamrock & Watkins 2012

Plot of occurrence data:


Bown, P. R. & Newsam, C. (2017). Calcareous nannofossils from the Eocene North Atlantic Ocean (IODP Expedition 342 Sites U1403–1411). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 37(1): 25-60. gs V O

Bown, P. R. (2005d). Palaeogene calcareous nannofossils from the Kilwa and Lindi areas of coastal Tanzania (Tanzania Drilling Project 2003-4). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 27(1): 21-95. gs V O

Bown, P. R., Dunkley-Jones, T. & Young, J. R. (2007). Umbilicosphaera jordanii Bown 2005 from the Paleogene of Tanzania: confirmation of generic assignment and a Paleocene origination for the family Calcidiscaceae. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 29(1): 25-30. gs V O

Jones, A. P. & Dunkley Jones, T. (2020). Middle Eocene to Early Oligocene calcareous nannofossils from the Nanggulan Formation, Java, Indonesia. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 30(1): 57-79. gs V O

Self-Trail, J. (2011). Paleogene Calcareous Nannofossils of the South Dover Bridge core, Southern Maryland (USA). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 32(1): 1-28. gs V O

Shamrock, J. L. & Watkins, D. K. (2012). Eocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and community structure from Exmouth Plateau, Eastern Indian Ocean (ODP Site 762). Stratigraphy. 9(1): 1-11. gs

Shepherd, C. L. & Kulhanek, D. K. (2016). Eocene nannofossil biostratigraphy of the mid-Waipara River section, Canterbury Basin, New Zealand. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 26(1): 33-59. gs V O


Calcidiscus bicircus compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 23-1-2021

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Comments (1)

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Enis Kemal Sagular (Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey)
Its images seem to Biscutum blackii from Late Cretaceous species. If being so and found within NP14-NP17 zone assemblage, it may have been reworked from old sediments.
Jeremy Young (UCL, UK)
C. bicircus certainly does resemble Biscutum but it occurs in Tanzania in sites with negligible reworking and has a consistent range there so it probably is an example of homoeomorphy not reworking.
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