Calcidiscus macintyrei

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Coccolithales -> Calcidiscaceae -> Calcidiscus -> C. leptoporus group -> Calcidiscus macintyrei
Sister taxa: C. gallagheri, C. leptoporus, C. macintyrei, C. pataecus, C. premacintyrei, C. salomonii, C. tropicus,


Citation: Calcidiscus macintyrei (Bukry and Bramlette, 1969) Loeblich and Tappan, 1978
Rank: Species
Basionym: Cyclococcolithus macintyrei Bukry and Bramlette, 1969
Notes & discussion: Usually confined to specimens >10µm to allow unambiguous biostratigraphic use. Essentially this is a large variant of C. tropicus.

Distinguishing features: Large circular species of Calcidiscus with central opening.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Cyclococcolithus macintyrei *

Search data:
TagsLITHS: placolith, circular, RIM: rim-broad, CA: vacant,
CSPH: spherical, equant, monomorphic, V-UNITS: distal shield, tube, V-prominent, R-UNITS: prox shield, R-prominent, DETAILS: isogyres oblique, rim-unicyclic,
MetricsLith size: 10->14µm;
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Notes: Use of the name C. macintyrei is normally confined to the large specimens occurring in the Plioceneand early Pleistocene although similar morphotypes do occur in the Miocene. The last occurrence of the species has been used as a sub-zonal marker (Raffi et al. 2006). However, it is often rare near its top which can make placement of the event dificult.
Last occurrence (top): in mid part of MIS-58 Isotope stage (50% up, 1.7Ma, in Calabrian stage). Data source: Raffi et al. 2006
First occurrence (base): within NN6 zone (11.90-13.53Ma, base in Serravallian stage). Data source: Young 1998

Plot of occurrence data:

  • Histogram - Neptune occurrence data from DSDP and ODP proceedings. Pale shading <50 samples in time bin. Interpret with caution & read these notes
  • Note to users in China - the diagram may not plot unless you use a VPN since I use google services on the website. If this is a problem please contact me 谢谢.
  • Taxon plotted: Calcidiscus macintyrei, synonyms included - Calcidiscus macintyrei; Calcidiscus macintyrei (>11 um); Calcidiscus macintyrei (grainy); Cyclococcolithina macintyrei; Cyclococcolithus macintyrei; Calcidiscus tropicus (<10 µm);
  • space-time plot :: Samples map :: Parent: C. leptoporus group


    Boesiger, T. M., de Kaenel, E., Bergen, J. A., Browning, E. & Blair, S. A. , . (2017). Oligocene to Pleistocene taxonomy and stratigraphy of the genus Helicosphaera and other placolith taxa in the circum North Atlantic Basin. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 37(2-3): 145-175. gs

    Bukry, D. & Bramlette, M. N. (1969b). Some new and stratigraphically useful calcareous nannofossils of the Cenozoic. Tulane Studies in Geology. 7: 131-142. gs

    de Kaenel, E. & Villa, G. (1996). Oligocene-Miocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoeecology from the Iberian Abyssal Plain. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results. 149: 79-145. gs

    Loeblich, A. R. & Tappan, H. (1978). The coccolithophorid genus Calcidiscus Kamptner and its synonyms. Journal of Paleontology. 52: 1390-1392. gs

    Martini, E. & Bramlette, M. N. (1963). Calcareous nannoplankton from the experimental Mohole drilling. Journal of Paleontology. 37: 845-855. gs

    Müller, C. (1974c). Nannoplankton aus dem Mittel-Miozän von Walbersdorf (Burgenland). Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 55: 389-405. gs

    Müller, C. (1974b). Calcareous nannoplankton, Leg 25 (Western Indian Ocean). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 25: 579-633. gs

    Perch-Nielsen, K. (1972). Remarks on Late Cretaceous to Pleistocene coccoliths from the North Atlantic. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 12: 1003-1069. gs

    Raffi, I. et al. (2006). A review of calcareous nannofossil astrobiochronology encompassing the past 25 million years. Quaternary Science Reviews. 25: 3113-3137. gs

    Theodoridis, S. (1984). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Miocene and revision of the helicoliths and discoasters. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletin. 32: 1-271. gs

    Wei, W. & Wise, S. W. (1992b). Selected Neogene calcareous nannofossil index taxa of the  from Southern Ocean: Biochronology, biometrics and paleoceanography. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results. 120: 523-537. gs

    Young, J. R. (1998). Neogene. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 225-265. gs


    Calcidiscus macintyrei compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 19-2-2020

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    Comments (1)

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    Kevin Jackson (US)
    This page references Raffi et al., (2006), yet the top occurrence (~0.44Ma) doesn't appear to reflect the updated top occurrence of ~1.64Ma. Regarding the base occurrence Raffi (2006) states "LO of Calcidiscus macintyrei (alternative marker for CN3–CN4 boundary): highly contradictory stratigraphic positions are reported for this biohorizon in the literature and partly related to the ambiguous taxonomic status of this species (see Raffi et al., 1995)." It seems like the geological range is ambiguous. I don't have access to some of the other papers, so I was curious how reliable the geological range is for this nanno. Is is the range isochronous?
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