Calcidiscus tropicus

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Coccolithales -> Calcidiscaceae -> Calcidiscus -> C. leptoporus group -> Calcidiscus tropicus
Sister taxa: C. gallagheri, C. leptoporus, C. macintyrei, C. pataecus, C. premacintyrei, C. salomonii, C. tropicus,


Citation: Calcidiscus tropicus (Kamptner, 1955) Varol 1989 sensu Gartner, 1992
Rank: Species
Basionym: Cyclococcolithus tropicus Kamptner, 1955
Notes & discussion: da Gama & Varol (2013) recommended that the name C. tanianus should be used instead of C. tropicus since the type specimen of C. tropicus was >10 µm in size - both species are described form the same Late Miocene sample. We do not think that dividing this group at 10µm is useful other than in the Late Pliocene and so prefer to use C. tropicus in the established sense.

Distinguishing features: Species of Calcidiscus producing circular coccoliths with open central-area.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Cyclococcolithus tropicus * , Cycloperfolithus carlae * , Cyclococcolithus tanianus *

Morphology remarks: Not always separated from C. leptoporus. Miocene forms often have a bicyclic proximal shield. In some Pliocene forms a coarse grill occurs in the central opening, this extends to the proximal surface but is formed of V-units . In the Late Pliocene larger forms (>10µm) are separated as C. macintyrei. C. tropicus possibly evolves into C. quadriperforatus.

Search data:
TagsLITHS: placolith, circular, RIM: rim-broad, CA: grill, vacant,
CSPH: spherical, equant, monomorphic, V-UNITS: c-str, distal shield, tube, V-prominent, R-UNITS: prox shield, R-prominent, DETAILS: isogyres oblique, rim-unicyclic,
MetricsLith size: 5->12µm;
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within NN19 zone (0.44-1.93Ma, top in Ionian stage). Data source: Young 1998
First occurrence (base): within NN4 zone (14.91-17.95Ma, base in Burdigalian stage). Data source: Young 1998

Plot of occurrence data:

  • Histogram - Neptune occurrence data from DSDP and ODP proceedings. Pale shading <50 samples in time bin. Interpret with caution & read these notes
  • Note to users in China - the diagram may not plot unless you use a VPN since I use google services on the website. If this is a problem please contact me 谢谢.
  • Taxon plotted: Calcidiscus tropicus, synonyms included - Calcidiscus carlae; Calcidiscus tropicus; Calcidiscus tropicus (< 6 microns); Calcidiscus tropicus (> 6 microns);
  • space-time plot :: Samples map :: Parent: C. leptoporus group


    da Gama, R. O. B. P. & Varol, O. (2013). New Late Oligocene to Miocene Species. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 33(1): 1-12. gs :: view :: open

    de Kaenel, E. & Villa, G. (1996). Oligocene-Miocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoeecology from the Iberian Abyssal Plain. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 149: 79-145. gs :: view :: open

    Gartner, S. (1992a). Miocene nannofossil chronology in the North Atlantic, DSDP Site 608. Marine Micropaleontology. 18: 307-331. gs :: ::

    Janin, M. -C. (1992a). Miocene variability of Calcidiscus gr. leptoporus and possible evolutionary relationsip with another Coccolithaceae: Umbiliosphaera gr. sibogae. Bio Systems. 28: 169-178. gs :: ::

    Kamptner, E. (1955). Fossile Coccolithineen-Skelettreste aus Insulinde. Eine mikropaläontologische Untersuchung. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeling Natuurkunde. ser 2, 50: 1-105. gs :: ::

    Lehotayova, R. & Priewalder, H. (1978). Cycloperfolithus, eine neue Nannofossil-Gattung aus dem Badenien der Zentralen Paratethys. In, Papp, A. , Cicha, I. , Senes, J. & et al. (eds) Chronostratigraphie und Neostratotypen -Miozan N, BadenieM-4: IGCP Proj. 25. 486-489. gs :: ::

    Perch-Nielsen, K. (1984b). Validation of new combinations. INA Newsletter. 6(1): 42-46. gs :: view :: open

    Stradner, H. & Fuchs, R. (1980). Über Nannoplanktonvorkommen im Sarmatien (Ober-Miozän) der Zentralen Paratethys in Niederösterreichung im Burgenland. Beitrage zur Paläontologie von Österreichs. 7: 251-279. gs :: ::

    Varol, O. (1989a). Calcareous nannofossil study of the central and western Solomon Islands. Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources Earth Sciences. 239-268. gs :: view :: open

    Young, J. R. (1998). Neogene. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 225-265. gs :: ::


    Calcidiscus tropicus compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 11-8-2020

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    Comments (1)

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    Mike Styzen (Noble Energy, US)
    In the Gulf of Mexico the LAD of C. carlae (the type with a fine grill in the central area) is used as a marker equivalent in age to the LAD of Discoaster tamalis or slightly younger, depends on who you talk to. If you talk to me, they are equivalent. I found the same co-occurence of these two taxa in the South Pacific in the material from ODP leg 135. The grill is often difficult to discern without the use of phase contrast.
    Richard Denne (Marathon Oil, Houston, US)
    Two comments: (1) C. carlae appears to be a valid species, as both its overall range (NN9? to NN16) and abundance patterns (prominent increases in basal NN16/uppermost NN15 and within NN11) are distinct from similar forms, and I have never seen anything that I would have called a C. macintyrei or C. tropicus that had a grill. (2) C. tropicus itself may be a catchall form. There is a very distinct form with a very large central opening and high collar that ranges from NN5/6 to NN11 (see the photo of the specimen labeled 4-16tropicus for a good example) that makes a useful marker within NN11.
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