Calciosolenia murrayi

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Syracosphaerales -> Calciosoleniaceae -> Calciosolenia -> Calciosolenia murrayi
Sister taxa: C. alternans, C. aperta, C. brasiliensis, C. corsellii, C. murrayi, C. sp.,


Citation: Calciosolenia murrayi Gran, 1912
Rank: Species
Variants: Malinverno 2004 recognised four types within C. murrayi based primarily on the sepration of the laths in the central area of the body coccoliths She interpreted this variation as most likely being a case of variable degree of calcification, since the type intergraded and coccospheres with more than coccolith type can occur.

Distinguishing features: Dimorphic - terminal liths have one end extended into spine

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Calciosolenia murrayi * , Acanthosolenia mediterranea * , Calciosolenia sinuosa * , Calciosolenia compacta *

Morphology remarks: Coccosphere dimorphic, broad, tapering rather abruptly at ends with only a few elongate liths. Terminal liths have one end extended into spine. Bars not very regular and often merge into continuous sheet. Liths 2-4 µm long, spines up to 25 µm, coccospheres up to 30 µm.
For identification note that the liths usually are smaller than an E. huxleyi coccolith and/or have overlapping laths.

Size: Liths 2-4 µm long, spines up to 25 µm, coccospheres up to 30 µm.

Search data:
TagsLITHS: murolith, tubular, quadrate, RIM: outer wall non-imbricate, rim-narrow, CA: grill,
CSPH: fusiform, tubular, AAC, AAC-elongated, CFC, CFC-elongated, varimorphic, polymorphic, V-UNITS: outer-rim, V-prominent, R-UNITS: inner-rim, R-prominent, T-UNITS: c-str, DETAILS: ca_disjunct, rim-bicyclic,
MetricsLith size: 2.5->4µm; Coccosphere size: 20->35µm; Liths per sphere: 120->250
Sources: csph & lith size from Malinverno 2004 & my obs [JRY]; csph data from Cros & Fortuño 2003; lith numbers from Yang & Wei 2003, range of estimates
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Notes: Frequently recorded in the fossil record, but mainly as a default identification.
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within Paleocene Epoch (55.96-66.04Ma, base in Danian stage). Data source: [JRY rough estimate]

Plot of occurrence data:

  • Histogram - Neptune occurrence data from DSDP and ODP proceedings. Pale shading <50 samples in time bin. Interpret with caution & read these notes
  • Note to users in China - the diagram may not plot unless you use a VPN since I use google services on the website. If this is a problem please contact me 谢谢.
  • Taxon plotted: Calciosolenia murrayi, synonyms included - Calciosolenia murrayi;
  • space-time plot :: Samples map :: Parent: Calciosolenia


    Andruleit, H., Rogalla, U. & Staeger, S. (2005). Living coccolithophores recorded during the onset of upwelling conditions off Oman in the western Arabian Sea. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 27(1): 1-14. gs :: view :: open

    Bernard, F. (1939). Coccolithophorides nouveaux ou peu connus observes à Monaco en 1938. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, Paris. 81: 33-44. gs :: ::

    Cros, L. & Fortuño, J. -M. (2002). Atlas of northwestern Mediterranean coccolithophores. Scientia Marina. 66: 1-186. gs :: ::

    Gran, H. H. (1912). Pelagic plant life. In, Murray, J. & Hjort, J. (eds) The Depths of the Ocean. Macmillan, London 307-386. gs :: ::

    Malinverno, E. (2004). Morphological variability within the genus Calciosolenia (coccolithophorids) from the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Micropaleontology. 50(supl. 1): 81-91. gs :: ::

    Manton, I. & Oates, K. (1985). Calciosoleniaceae (coccolithophorids) from the Galapagos Island: unmineralized components and coccolith morphology in Anoplosolenia and Calciosolenia, with comparative analysis of equivalents in the unmineralized genus Navisolenia (Haptophyceae = Prymnesiophyceae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B). 309: 461-477. gs :: ::

    Schlauder, J. (1945). Recherches sur les flagellés calcaires de la Baie d'Alger. PhD thesis, Université d'Alger. 1-51. gs :: ::

    Young, J. R., Geisen, M., Cros, L., Kleijne, A., Probert, I. & Ostergaard, J. B. (2003). A guide to extant coccolithophore taxonomy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, Special Issue. 1: 1-132. gs :: view :: open


    Calciosolenia murrayi compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 7-6-2020

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    Short stable page link: Go to to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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