Coccolithus bownii


Classification: Coccolithophores -> Coccolithales -> Coccolithaceae -> Coccolithus -> C. pelagicus group -> Coccolithus bownii
Sister taxa: C. crassus, C. pelagicus, C. eopelagicus, C. miopelagicus, C. latus, C. bownii, C. tenuiforatus,

Taxonomy:

Citation: Coccolithus bownii Jiang and Wise, 2007
Rank: Species

Distinguishing features: Medium to large broadly elliptical to subcircular Coccolithus with a broad, open, central-area; tube structure simplified.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Coccolithus bownii *


Evolution & Phylogeny: Essentially these have Coccolithus rim structure but without development of either the upper or lower inner tube - compare with illustrations in Young (1993). NB The Chiasmolithus consuetus group has similar reduction of the tube cycles and C. bownii might be related to it.

Ecology & Biogeography: Associated with the PETM boundary and suggested to be an opportunistic species that "took advantage of the extreme environmental changes associated with this interval and thrived in these stressed environments" (Jiang & Wise 2007).

Search data:
TagsLITHS: placolith, elliptical, RIM: psh-bicyclic, CA: vacant,
CSPH: spherical, monomorphic, V-UNITS: distal shield, px-tube, R-UNITS: ds-tube, prox shield, DETAILS: rim-bicyclic, isogyres oblique,
MetricsLith size: 6->8┬Ám;
Sources:
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within NP10 zone (54.17-55.86Ma, top in Ypresian stage). Data source: Bown, 2010
First occurrence (base): within NP9 zone (55.86-57.21Ma, base in Thanetian stage). Data source: Bown, 2010

Plot of occurrence data:

  • (NB There is no histogram as there are no occurrence records for the taxon in the Neptune database) Parent: C. pelagicus group

    References:

    Bown, P. R. (2010). Calcareous nannofossils from the Paleocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum interval of southern Tanzania (TDP Site 14). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 31: 11-38. gs

    Jiang, S. & Wise, S. W. (2007). Taxonomic note: A new Coccolithus species that thrived during the Paleocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 29(2): 88-91. gs

    Self-Trail, J. (2011). Paleogene Calcareous Nannofossils of the South Dover Bridge core, Southern Maryland (USA). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 32(1): 1-28. gs

    Young, J. R. (1993). The description and analysis of coccolith structure. In, Hamrsmid, B. & Young, J. R. (eds) Nannoplankton Research, Proceedings of the 4th International Nannoplankton Association Conference, Prague 1991. ZPN, Knihovnicha, Hodonin, Cz 35-71. gs


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    Coccolithus bownii compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 22-10-2019

    Taxon Search:
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    Short stable page link: http://mikrotax.org/Nannotax3/index.php?id=318 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes



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