Eiffellithaceae


Ancestry: Mesozoic -> Eiffellithales -> Eiffellithaceae
Sister taxa: Chiastozygaceae, Eiffellithaceae, Rhagodiscaceae,

Short diagnosis: Murolith (loxolith type) coccoliths with well-developed proximal/inner cycles and typically wide central-areas spanned by axial, non-axial (± asymmetric) or diagonal cross-bars. The broad, proximal/inner cycle is conspicuous in the LM, creating a strongly bicyclic image.


Daughter taxa (blue => in age window 0-300Ma) Granddaughter taxa
Elliptical loxoliths with a rim that appears tricyclic, composed of inner and outer rim cycles and a proximal plate. The outer rim cycle and proximal plate are only weakly birefringent, while the blocky inner rim cycle is brightly birefringent. Central structures are variable but include cross bars, lateral bars and curving concentric bars.

Loxolith coccoliths with a prominent inner rim cycle that is birefringent and conspicuous in cross-polarised light; this cycle is broader than the outer rim cycle. The central area is spanned by variably-orientated cross-bars.

Loxolith coccoliths with bicyclic rim with broad inner cycle and narrow central-area, filled by broad cross bars. The rim image is distinctly bicyclic and the inner cycle and cross bars are birefringent.

Murolith (loxolith) coccoliths with a prominent inner rim cycle that is birefringent and conspicuous in cross-polarised light. This cycle is broader than the outer rim cycle. The central area is spanned by curving, diagonal cross-bars.

Taxonomy:

Citation: Eiffellithaceae Reinhardt, 1965
Rank: Family
Type species: Eiffellithus Reinhardt, 1965

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages:

Short diagnosis: Murolith (loxolith type) coccoliths with well-developed proximal/inner cycles and typically wide central-areas spanned by axial, non-axial (± asymmetric) or diagonal cross-bars. The broad, proximal/inner cycle is conspicuous in the LM, creating a strongly bicyclic image.

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Maastrichtian Stage (66.04-72.05Ma, top in Maastrichtian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): within Berriasian Stage (139.39-145.01Ma, base in Berriasian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Bown, P.R.; Rutledge, D.C.; Crux, J.A. & Gallagher, L.T., (1998). Early Cretaceous. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. Chapman & Hall, pp. 86-131.

Reinhardt, P., (1965). Neue Familien für fossile Kalkflagellaten (Coccolithophoriden, Coccolithineen). Monatsberichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 7: 30-40.


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Eiffellithaceae compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 26-7-2017

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