Helicosphaera wallichii

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Zygodiscales -> Helicosphaeraceae -> Helicosphaera -> H. carteri group -> Helicosphaera wallichii
Sister taxa: H. pavimentum, H. hyalina, H. carteri, H. wallichii, H. princei, H. inversa, H. sellii, H. ethologa, H. huangii, H. mediterranea, H. intermedia, H. rhomba, H. euphratis, H. leesiae, H. truempyi,

Distinguishing features: Like H. carteri but central-area with inclined pores.


Citation: Helicosphaera wallichii (Lohmann 1902) Okada & McIntyre, 1977
Rank: Species
Basionym: Coccolithophora wallichii Lohmann 1902
Synonyms: H. carteri var. wallichii

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Coccolithophora wallichi * Coccolithophora wallichii [no catalog entry yet]Helicosphaera carteri wallichii *

Distinguishing features: Like H. carteri but central-area with inclined pores.

Morphology remarks: Slits obliquity: In distal view the slits are rotated about 10-20° clockwise (and so away from the wing), this is the “normal” sense of obliquity in Helicosphaera, as shown by many fossil species. The Pleistocene species H. inversa is similar but shows the opposite sense of obliquity. Obliquity of slits is more consistent in proximal view than in distal view (culture observations).

Evolution & Phylogeny: Separation of H. wallichii from H. carteri at species level was long doubted but has been verified by culture and molecular genetic studies (Geisen et al. 2004).

Biology & life-cycles: Has been cultured occasionally and maintains its coccolith morphology in culture. A combination coccopshere with Helicosphaera HOL ponticuliferus type obsvered by Couapel et al. 2009.

Search data:
TagsLITHS: placolith, asymmetric, RIM: spine(s), wing, CA: bar-diagonal NE-SW, bar-diagonal,
CSPH: ellipsoidal, varimorphic, V-UNITS: distal shield, R-UNITS: blanket, c-str, px-plate, DETAILS: ca_conjunct, rim-bicyclic, isogyres kinked, isogyres oblique, isogyres separated,
MetricsLith size: 7->12µm;
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

See also: Helicosphaera HOL ;Helicosphaera HOL ponticuliferus type ;

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within NN9 zone (9.53-10.55Ma, base in Tortonian stage). Data source: Young (1998)

Plot of occurrence data:


Couapel, M.J.J.; Beaufort, L. & Young, J.R., (2009). A new Helicosphaera - Syracolithus combination coccosphere (Haptophyta) from the Western Mediterranean sea. Journal of Phycology, 45(4): 914-916.

Geisen, M. & others, (2004). Species level variation in coccolithophores. In: Thierstein, H.R. and Young, J.R. (Editors), Coccolithophores - From molecular processes to global impact. Springer, pp. 327-366.

Lohmann, H., (1902). Die Coccolithophoridae, eine Monographie der Coccolithen bildenden Flagellaten, zugleich ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Mittelmeerauftriebs. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 1: 89-165.

Young, J.R., (1998). Neogene. In: Bown, P.R. (Editor), Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publications Series. Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 225-265.


Helicosphaera wallichii compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 17-10-2018

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Short stable page link: http://mikrotax.org/Nannotax3/index.php?id=692Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

Comments (2)

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Ines Galovic (Zagreb, Croatia)

The base is in the mid Miocene (Badenian) of Paratethys (Slovenia, Austria, Croatia, Romania...). All the articles you can find if you combined the species name with the Paratethys at the google search.

Best wishes :)

J Kell (Lincoln Nebraska, US)
Both here and in the black book the base is listed as NN9, but the link in the Neogene menu says NN ?11 and the range chart in the black book has it just into NN10b. I was wondering if anyone has any opinions or personal experience as to what the base of this species is?
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