Syracosphaera anthos HOL

Classification: Coccolithophores -> Holococcoliths -> bridged -> Syracosphaera anthos HOL
Sister taxa: Corisphaera, Helladosphaera, Homozygosphaera, Poritectolithus, S. anthos HOL,

Distinguishing features: Monomorphic; coccoliths with tube spanned by narrow bridge extended into leaf (helladoliths)


Citation: Syracosphaera anthos (Lohmann 1912) Janin, 1987 HOL
Rank: Form
Synonyms: Periphyllophora mirabilis (Schiller 1925) Kamptner 1937
Calyptrosphaera? mirablilis Schiller 1925
Corisphaera stellulata Lecal-Schlauder 1951 [clearly recognisable - JRY]
Rhabdosphaera ampullacea Lecal-Schlauder 1951 [clearly recognisable - JRY]

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Calyptrosphaera mirabilis * Corisphaera stellulata * Rhabdosphaera ampullacea *

Distinguishing features: Monomorphic; coccoliths with tube spanned by narrow bridge extended into leaf (helladoliths)

Biology & life-cycles: Cros et al. (2000) illustrate two good examples of combination coccospheres with Syracosphaera anthos

Search data:
TagsLITHS: holococcolith, H: cavate, H: disk-like, elliptical, RIM: H: base flangeless, H: tube (Holos), CA: bridge, bridge-transverse, PROCESS: length-slow, spine, x-section-flat,
CSPH: spherical, monomorphic, R-UNITS: rim, spine,
MetricsLith size: 1.5->2.5µm; Coccosphere size: 11->16µm; Liths per sphere: 60->120
Sources: morphom data from Yang & Wei (2003), Cros & Fortuño (2002) & Kleijne 1991
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

See also: Syracosphaera anthos ;

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within Pliocene Epoch (2.59-5.33Ma, base in Zanclean stage). Data source:

Plot of occurrence data:

  • (NB There is no histogram as there are no occurrence records for the taxon in the Neptune database) Parent: bridged


    Cros, L.; Kleijne, A.; Zeltner, A.; Billard, C. & Young, J.R., (2000). New examples of holococcolith-heterococcolith combination coccospheres and their implications for coccolithophorid biology. Marine Micropaleontology, 39(1-4): 1-34.GS

    Kamptner, E., (1937). Neue und bemerkenswerte Coccolithineen aus dem Mittelmeer. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 89: 279-316.GS

    Lecal-Schlauder, J., (1951). Recherches morphologiques et biologiques sur les Coccolithophorides Nord-Africains. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique. Monaco & Paris, 26: 255-362.GS

    Schiller, J., (1925). Die planktonischen Vegetationen des adriatischen Meeres. A. Die Coccolithophoriden-Vegetation in den Jahren 1911-14. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 51: 1-130.GS


    Syracosphaera anthos HOL compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 26-4-2019

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    Short stable page link: Go to to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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