Zeugrhabdotus erectus

Classification: Mesozoic -> Eiffellithales -> Chiastozygaceae -> Zeugrhabdotus -> Zeugrhabdotus erectus
Sister taxa: Z. blowii, Z. burolletii, Z. erectus, Z. fissus, Z. moulladei, Z. noeliae, Z. bicrescenticus, Z. diplogrammus, Z. fluxus, Z. howei, Z. petrizzoae, Z. reticulatus, Z. scutula, Z. biperforatus, Z. burwellensis, Z. kerguelenensis, Z. clarus, Z. acanthus, Z. trivectis, Z. xenotus, Z. angelozziae, Z. cooperi, Z. embergeri, Z. praesigmoides, Z. sigmoides, Z. simplex, Z. streetiae, Z. sp.,

Distinguishing features: Unicyclic, small; bar split perpendicular to length; narrow rim/large openings


Citation: Zeugrhabdotus erectus (Deflandre in Deflandre & Fert, 1954) Reinhardt, 1965
Rank: Species
Basionym: Zygolithus erectus Deflandre in Deflandre & Fert, 1954

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Zygolithus erectus + * , Zeugrhabdotus choffati *

Distinguishing features: Unicyclic, small; bar split perpendicular to length; narrow rim/large openings

Morphology remarks: Its reported range of Lower Jurassic (Pliensbachian) to Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) may reflect a number of homeomorphs. It was first described from the Jurassic (Oxfordian, holotype 5 µm long) and is conspicuous in Upper Jurassic assemblages, increasing significantly in size through this interval. It has been reported less consistently in the Cretaceous, but a number of recent palaeoceanographical studies have tended to lump all small zeugrhabdotids into this category. The definition adopted here, when strictly applied, results in a Berriasian last occurrence for Z. erectus (Bown, 2005), but last occurrences of Hauterivian (Bergen, 1994) or Upper Cretaceous have also been reported (e.g. Burnett, 1998).

Size: Holotype length = 4.9 µm

Search data:
TagsLITHS: murolith, CA: process, bar, V-UNITS: V-prominent, DETAILS: ca_disjunct, rim-unicyclic,
MetricsLith size: 3->5µm;
Sources: original description & illustrated specimens
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Late Maastrichtian Substage (66.04-69.91Ma, top in Maastrichtian stage). Data source: PRB nannotax entry
First occurrence (base): within Pliensbachian Stage (182.70-190.82Ma, base in Pliensbachian stage). Data source: Bown & Cooper 1998

Plot of occurrence data:

  • Histogram - Neptune occurrence data from DSDP and ODP proceedings. Pale shading <50 samples in time bin. Interpret with caution & read these notes
  • Note to users in China - the diagram may not plot unless you use a VPN since I use google services on the website. If this is a problem please contact me 谢谢.
  • Taxon plotted: Zeugrhabdotus erectus, synonyms included - Zeugrhabdotus choffatii; Zeugrhabdotus erectus; Zeugrhabdotus erectus subsp. 1; Zeugrhabdotus erectus subsp. 2; Zygodiscus bussonii; Zygodiscus erectus; Zygolithus erectus;
  • space-time plot :: Samples map :: Parent: Zeugrhabdotus


    Barnard, T. & Hay, W. W. (1974). On Jurassic coccoliths: A tentative zonation of the Jurassic of Southern England and North France. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae. 67(3): 563-585. gs

    Bergen, J. A. (1994). Berriasian to early Aptian calcareous nannofossils from the Vocontian Trough (SE France) and Deep Sea Drilling Site 534: new nannofossil taxa and a summary of low-latitude biostratigraphic events. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 16: 59-69. gs

    Bown, P. R. & Concheyro, A. (2004). Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton from the Neuquen Basin, Argentina. Marine Micropaleontology. 52(1-4): 51-84. gs

    Bown, P. R. & Cooper, M. K. E. (1998). Jurassic. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 34-85. gs

    Bown, P. R. (1987a). Taxonomy, evolution, and biostratigraphy of Late Triassic-Early Jurassic calcareous nannofossils. Special Papers in Palaeontology. 38: 1-118. gs

    Bown, P. R. (1992). New calcareous nannofossil taxa from the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary interval of Sites 765 and 261, Argo Abyssal Plain. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results. 123: 369-379. gs

    Bown, P. R. (2005c). Early to Mid-Cretaceous Calcareous Nannoplankton from the Northwest Pacific Ocean, Leg 198, Shatsky Rise. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results. 198: 1-82. gs

    Bralower, T. J., Monechi, S. & Thierstein, H. R. (1989). Calcareous nannofossil zonation of the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary interval and correlation with the geomagnetic polarity timescale. Marine Micropaleontology. 14: 153-235. gs

    Burnett, J. A. (1998). Upper Cretaceous. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 132-199. gs

    Casellato, C. E. (2010). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Upper Callovian - Lower Berriasian successions from the Souhern Alps, North Italy. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia. 116(3): 357-404. gs

    Deflandre, G. & Fert, C. (1954). Observations sur les coccolithophoridés actuels et fossiles en microscopie ordinaire et électronique. Annales de Paléontologie. 40: 115-176. gs

    Gale, A. S., Kennedy, W. J., Burnett, J. A., Caron, M. & Kidd, B. E. (1996). The Late Albian to Early Cenomanian succession at Mont Risou, near Rosans (Drôme, SE France): an integrated study (ammonites, inoceramids, planktonic foraminifera, nannofossils, oxygen and carbon isotopes). Cretaceous Research. 17: 515-606. gs

    Grün, W. & Zweili, F. (1980). Das kalkige Nannoplankton der Dogger-Malm-Grenze im Berner Jura bei Liesberg (Schweiz). Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt. 123: 231-341. gs

    Hardas, P. & Mutterlose, J. (2008). Calcareous nannofossil assemblages of Oceanic Anoxic Event 2 in the equatorial Atlantic: Evidence of an eutrophication event. Marine Micropaleontology. 66: 52-69. gs

    Lees, J. A. (2007). New and rarely reported calcareous nannofossils from the Late Cretaceous of coastal Tanzania: outcrop samples and Tanzania Drilling Project Sites 5, 9 and 15. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 29(1): 39-65. gs

    Linnert, C., Mutterlose, J. & Erbacher, J. (2010). Calcareous nannofossils of the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary interval from the Boreal Realm (Wunstorf, northwest Germany). Marine Micropaleontology. 74: 38-58. gs

    Manivit, H. (1971). Nannofossiles calcaires du Crétacé francais (Aptien-Maestrichtien). Essai de Biozonation appuyée sur les stratotypes. PhD thesis, Université de Paris. -. gs

    Medd, A. W. (1979). The Upper Jurassic coccoliths from the Haddenham and Gamlingay boreholes (Cambridgeshire, England). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae. 72: 19-109. gs

    Menini, A., Mattioli, E., Spangenberg, J. E., Pittet, B. & Suan, G. (2018). New calcareous nannofossil and carbon isotope data for the Pliensbachian/Toarcian boundary (Early Jurassic) in the western Tethys and their paleoenvironmental implications. Newsletters on Stratigraphy. -. gs

    Mutterlose, J. & Wise, S. W. (1990). Lower Cretaceous nannofossil biostratigraphy of ODP Leg 113 Holes 692B and 693A, continental slope off east Antarctica, Weddell Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results. 113: 325-351. gs

    Reinhardt, P. (1965). Neue Familien für fossile Kalkflagellaten (Coccolithophoriden, Coccolithineen). Monatsberichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 7: 30-40. gs

    Rood, A. P., Hay, W. W. & Barnard, T. (1971). Electron Microscope Studies of Oxford Clay Coccoliths. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae. 64: 245-272. gs

    Rood, A. P., Hay, W. W. & Barnard, T. (1973). Electron microscope studies of Lower and Middle Jurassic coccoliths. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae. 66: 365-382. gs

    Thibault, N. (2010). Calcareous nannofossils from the boreal Upper Campanian- Maastrichtian chalk of Denmark. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 30(1): 39-56. gs

    Varol, O. & Girgis, M. (1994). New taxa and taxonomy of some Jurassic to Cretaceous calcareous nannofossils. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen. 192: 221-253. gs

    Wise, S. W. & Wind, F. H. (1977). Mesozoic and Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils recovered by DSDP Leg 36 drilling on the Falkland Plateau, south-west Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 36(269-491): -. gs

    Wise, S. W. (1983). Mesozoic and Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils recovered by DSDP Leg 71 in the Falkland Plateau region, Southwest Atlantic Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 71: 481-550. gs


    Zeugrhabdotus erectus compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 4-4-2020

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    Short stable page link: http://mikrotax.org/Nannotax3/index.php?id=11332 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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