Candeina nitida

Classification: pf_neogene -> Candeinidae -> Candeina -> Candeina nitida
Sister taxa: C. nitida, C. sp.,


Citation: Candeina nitida d’Orbigny, 1839
Rank: species
Basionym: Candeina nitida d’Orbigny, 1839

Catalog entries: Candeina nitida;
Candeina nitida praenitida;

Type images:

Short diagnosis: monospecific

NB The short diagnoses are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus. They have initially been copied from the diagnostic characters/distinguishing features sections of the Eocene and Paleocene Atlases, they will be edited as the site is developed.


Test morphology: Test medium, relatively high trochospiral, chambers globular to hemispherical, increasing regularly in size. The final whorl consists of three chambers, sutures radial to curved, depressed; surface smooth, microperforate with extremely fine perforations distributed irregularly (PI. 57, Fig. 8). Primary aperture not visible in the adult; numerous small, rounded secondary apertures, bordered by a rim, almost completely surround the later chambers. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Size: >250µm

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Geographic distribution: Tropical to subtropical [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Phylogenetic relations: Molecular genotypes recognised (data from PFR2 database, June 2017), one genotype only from 18 sequences. References: Ujiié & Lipps 2009.

Similar species: C. nitida is easily distinguished by its microperforate, trochoid test with sutural supplementary apertures completely surrounding the later chambers. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Most likely ancestor: Globigerinita parkerae - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, fig 25.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (SCOR WG138)
First occurrence (base): within N17b zone (5.72-6.60Ma, base in Messinian stage). Data source: Chaisson & Pearson (1997)

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Kennett & Srinivisan 1983, p.229


Chaisson, W.P. & Pearson, P.N.P., (1997). Planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy at Site 925: Middle Miocene–Pleistocene. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results,, 154: 3-31.

d'Orbigny, A., (1839). Foraminiferes. In: de la Sagra, R. (Editor), Histoire physique et naturelle de l'Ile de Cuba. A. Bertrand, Paris, France, pp. 224.

Kennett, J.P. & Srinivasan, M.S., (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, 1-265 pp.

Ujiié, Y. & Lipps, J.H., (2009). Cryptic diversity in planktonic foraminifera in the northwest Pacific ocean. J. Foraminifer. Res., 39: 145–154.


Candeina nitida compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 20-1-2018

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