Globigerinoides conglobatus

Classification: pf_neogene -> Globigerinidae -> Globigerinoides -> Globigerinoides conglobatus
Sister taxa: G. altiaperturus, G. bulloideus, G. conglobatus, G. diminutus, G. elongatus, G. extremus, G. mitra, G. obliquus, G. parawoodi, G. ruber, G. seigliei, G. subquadratus, G. tenellus, G. white, G. sp.,


Citation: Globigerinoides conglobatus (Brady, 1879)
Rank: species
Basionym: Globigerina conglobata Brady, 1879

Catalog entries: Globigerina conglobata;
Globigerina gomitulus; Globigerinoides canimarensis;

Type images:

Short diagnosis: Four chambers & radially compressed

NB The short diagnoses are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus. They have initially been copied from the diagnostic characters/distinguishing features sections of the Eocene and Paleocene Atlases, they will be edited as the site is developed.


Diagnostic characters: Tightly coiled trochospiral, subglobular to subquadrate

Aperture: : Primary aperture interiomarginal umbilicallong low asymmetric arch with thin rim. Supplementary sutural apertures on spiral side [Aze 2011, based on Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Coiling direction (in extant population): mixed

Wall type: Spinose; Cancellate [Aze 2011]

Test morphology: Test large, tightly coiled, trocho- spiral, subglobular to subquadrate, three to three and a half chambers in the final whorl increasing very slowly in size as added; sutures distinctly depressed , almost radial; surface coarsely perforated with spines and spine bases; umbilius narrow; primary aperture interiomarginal, umbilical , a long, low asymmetric arch bordered by a thin rim; sutural supplementary apertures, small, irregular on the spiral side. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Size: >250µm

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Geographic distribution: Tropical to warm subtropical. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Isotope paleobiology: Aze et al. 2011 ecogroup 1 - Open ocean mixed-layer tropical/subtropical, with symbionts. Based on very heavy ∂13C and relatively light ∂18O Cited sources (Aze et al. 2011 appendix S3): Keller (1985)

Phylogenetic relations: Gs. conglobatus is distinguished by its thick-walled and tightly coiled test. Specimens representing an evolutionary and morphologic transition between Gs. extremus and Gs. conglobatus resemble Gs. conglobatus canimarensis Bermudez. We concur with Parker (1973) and Stainforth et al. (1975) in treating Gs. canimarensis as a synonym of Gs. conglobatus. Following Mistretta (1962), Globigerinoides gomitulus (Seguenza, 1880) with a smaller and compact test than Gs. conglobatus is considered a junior synonym of Gs. conglobatus. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Molecular Genotypes recognised (data from PFR2 database, June 2017), one genotype only from 25 sequences. References: Darling et al. 1997; Ujiié & Lipps 2009;

Most likely ancestor: Globigerinoides extremus - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, fig. 9.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (SCOR WG138)
First occurrence (base): in upper part of M13b subzone (84% up, 6.5Ma, in Tortonian stage). Data source: Wade et al. (2011), additional event; position within zone determined by linear interpolation from data in table 1 of Wade et al. (2011).

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Kennett & Srinivisan 1983, p.58


Aze, T.; Ezard, T.H.G.; Purvis, A.; Coxall, H.K.; Stewart, D.R.M.; Wade, B.S. & Pearson, P.N.P., (2011). A phylogeny of Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic foraminifera from fossil data. Biological Reviews, 86: 900-927.

Brady, H.B., (1879). Notes on some of the reticularian Rhizopoda of the "Challenger" expedition. I.- On new or little known arenaceous types. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 19: 20-63.

Darling, K.F.; Wade, C.M.; Kroon, D. & Brown, A.J.L., (1997). Planktic foraminiferal molecular evolution and their polyphyletic origins from benthic taxa. Mar. Micropaleontol., 30: 251–266.

Keller, G., (1985). Depth stratification of planktonic foraminifers in the Miocene Ocean. In: Kennett, J.P. (Editor), The Miocene Ocean: Paleoceanography and Biogeography. GSA Memoir The Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado, pp. 1-337.

Kennett, J.P. & Srinivasan, M.S., (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, 1-265 pp.

Mistretta, E., (1962). Foraminiferi planctonici del Pliocene inferiore di Altavilla Milicia (Palermo, Sicilia),. Rivista Italiania di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 68(1): 97-114.

Parker, F.L., (1973). Late Cenozoic biostratigraphy (Planktonic foraminfera) of Tropical Atlantic deep-sea sections. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 5(2): 253-289.

Seguenza, G., (1880). Le foramazioni terziarie nella provincia di Reggio (Calabria), . R. Acad. Lincei, Cl. Sci. Fis., Mat., Nat., Mem., Ser. 3, 6: 1-446.

Stainforth, R.M.; Lamb, J.L.; Luterbacher, H.; Beard, J.H. & Jeffords, R.M., (1975). Cenozoic planktonic foraminiferal zonation and characteristics of index forms. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, 62: 1-425.

Ujiié, Y. & Lipps, J.H., (2009). Cryptic diversity in planktonic foraminifera in the northwest Pacific ocean. J. Foraminifer. Res., 39: 145–154.


Globigerinoides conglobatus compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 20-1-2018

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