Globoconella terminalis

Classification: pf_neogene -> Globorotalidae -> Globoconella -> Globoconella terminalis
Sister taxa: G. conoidea, G. conomiozea, G. inflata, G. miozea, G. panda, G. pliozea, G. puncticulata, G. sphericomiozea, G. terminalis, G. sp.,


Citation: Globoconella terminalis (Wei 1987)
Rank: species
Basionym: Globorotalia conomiozea terminalis Wei 1987
Taxonomic discussion: Wei (1987) noted that "Globorotalia conomiozea mons Hornibrook, 1981 morphologically resembles this subspecies [terminalis]. However, the reported stratigraphic range of G. conomiozea mons is in the Lower Pliocene (Hornibrook, 1981) which is higher than that of G. conomiozea terminalis (Fig. 12). The phylogenetic and taxonomic relationship between these two subspecies needs further examination.

Catalog entries: Globorotalia (Globoconella) conomiozea terminalis;
Globorotalia conomiozea mons;

Type images:

NB The short diagnoses are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus. They have initially been copied from the diagnostic characters/distinguishing features sections of the Eocene and Paleocene Atlases, they will be edited as the site is developed.


Diagnostic characters: Low trochospiral, spiral side flat, umbilical side distinctly conical, keeled

Aperture: : Interiomarginal extraumbilical elongate arch bordered by a lip [Aze 2011, based on Wei 1987]

Wall type: Non-spinose; Cancellate [Aze 2011]

Test morphology: Test low trochospiral, planoconvex, coiling dominantly sinistral; umbilical side strongly vaulted to form a prominent peak, high conical angle (64-70°). Periphery subovate, margin acute with distinctive to faint keel, four to four and one-half chambers in the final whorl. Aperture elongate, bordered by a lip, interiomarginal, extraumbilical; tightly coiled test causes umbilicus reduced or absent. Sutures on spiral side strongly curved, on umbilical side depressed, radial to slightly curved. Surface finely perforate, but early chambers covered with dense pustules, last chamber smooth. [Wei 1987]

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Isotope paleobiology: Aze et al. 2011 ecogroup 3 - Open ocean thermocline. Based on light ∂13C and relatively heavy ∂18O. Sources cited by Aze et al. 2011 (appendix S3): Schneider & Kennett (1996)

Phylogenetic relations: It has been recognized that the increase of conicalness is one of the most distinctive evolutionary trends of Globoconella in the late Miocene (Kennett, 1966); G. conomiozea terminalis represents the extremity of this trend, culminating in an architectural threshold, leading to the loss of keel, and tending toward peripheral rounding as an inevitable consequence of continuously increasing "conicalness" [Wei 1987]

Most likely ancestor: Globoconella conoidea - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Wei 1994, fig. 1.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within PL1 [Atl.] zone (4.37-5.72Ma, top in Zanclean stage). Data source: Wei 1994 (quoted age converted to modern zone)
First occurrence (base): within M14 [Atl.] zone (5.72-6.14Ma, base in Messinian stage). Data source: Wei 1994 (quoted age converted to modern zone)

Plot of occurrence data:


Aze, T.; Ezard, T.H.G.; Purvis, A.; Coxall, H.K.; Stewart, D.R.M.; Wade, B.S. & Pearson, P.N.P., (2011). A phylogeny of Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic foraminifera from fossil data. Biological Reviews, 86: 900-927.

Hornibrook, N.B., de, (1981). Globorotalia in the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 24: 263-292.

Kennett, J.P., (1966). The Globorotalia crassaformis bioseries in north Westland and Marlborough, New Zealand,. Micropaleontology, 12: 235-245.

Schneider, C.E. & Kennett, J.P., (1996). Isotopic evidence for interspecies habitat differences during evolution of the Neogene planktonic foraminiferal clade Globoconella. Paleobiology, 22: 282-303.

Wei, K.-Y., (1987). Multivariate morphometric differentiation of chronospecies in the late Neogene planktonic foraminiferal lineage Globoconella. Marine Micropaleontology, 12: 183-202.


Globoconella terminalis compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 20-1-2018

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