Globigerinita glutinata


Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Globigerinitidae -> Globigerinita -> Globigerinita glutinata
Sister taxa: G. glutinata, G. parkerae, G. minuta, G. uvula, G. sp.,

Taxonomy

Citation: Globigerinita glutinata (Egger, 1893)
Rank: species
Basionym: Globigerina glutinata
Synonyms:

(Note: this is a common living species; we restrict this synonymy list to references that are relevant to the taxonomic placement of the species, and Oligocene to lower Miocene occurrences.)

Taxonomic discussion:

This is a very abundant living species for which there is a stable taxonomic concept as a microperforate form (e.g., Parker, 1962; Hemleben and others, 1989). Egger’s (1893) original type material is lost. The illustration (the umbilical view of which is reproduced in Plate 16.2, Fig. 1) shows a specimen with a globigeriniform test and just three chambers in the final whorl that is not typical of the species. There is no scale, but the same plate contains many other foraminifera apparently drawn to a common scale and the specimen is about one third the maximum diameter of Trilobatus sacculifer (for example) suggesting a maximum diameter between 200-250 µm. The accompanying description emphasizes the difference in wall texture from Globigerina triloba (=Trilobatus trilobus): “...in larger specimens the difference between the species becomes particularly clear in that the test of Globigerina glutinata remains delicate and matt [dull sheen], whilst the pores of Globigerina triloba appear very large and associated with a rough network [of ridges]” (translated by M. Kučera). Parker (1962) first appreciated that the nonspinose wall texture distinguished this species from Globigerina and related forms (see discussion under Genus Globigerinita, above). Clearly she regarded Egger’s illustrations as insufficient to prove this, but based her concept on the figures of Rhumbler (1911) who, she indicated, must have seen Egger’s material (Parker, 1962:248). Parker (1962:219) aimed for a natural classification of modern species “which recognizes variation and intergradation... The artificial splitting of species produces complications which are endless, as each worker emphasizes different criteria”. Accordingly, when describing glutinata, she showed a wide range of morphotypes including specimens with supplementary apertures on the spiral side and specimens with bullae of various shapes and sizes alongside specimens lacking bullae (a subset of which is shown on Plate 16.2). Subsequent workers on modern planktonic foraminifera have tended to base their concepts on Parker’s excellent illustrations (e.g., Hemleben and others, 1989). Other workers, however, have elected to formally split the group into species and/or subspecies (e.g., Brönnimann and Resig, 1971).

Egger’s figured specimen does not possess a bulla, a point that has a bearing on subsequent taxonomic debates. There is considerable discussion in the biological and paleontological literature on the significance or otherwise of an umbilical bulla of varying degrees of complexity and inflation in planktonic foraminifera, in general, and Globigerinita, in particular, and how to reflect that variation in the species and genus level taxonomy. It seems that some species have a tendency to form a bulla of a particular morphology as a necessary reproductive structure whereas in other species bullae can occur, but are not obligate. Relative to chamber form, bullae seem to be particularly plastic and variable between individuals as to degree of inflation, extensions along the sutures, and the number of infralaminal apertures, and hence provide considerable scope for taxonomic splitting. Some authors (e.g., Spezzaferri, 1994) have restricted their concept of glutinata to include only inflated bullate forms, but this conflicts with the fact that Egger’s illustrated specimen does not have a bulla and also makes the identification of pre-adult specimens problematic. In this work we do not regard the bulla as being of high taxonomic value in this group (following Parker, 1962; Kennett and Srinivasan, 1983; Hemleben and others, 1989; Pearson, 1995; Pearson and Chaisson, 1997; Nathan and Leckie, 2003), which simplifies the taxonomy considerably. We do, however, acknowledge that the Miocene Globigerinatella lineage, which descends from glutinata, can only be recognized and divided on the basis of its complex and overlapping obligate bullae (e.g., Pearson, 1995). We observe that bullae tend to be rarer and less complicated in the Oligocene and lower Miocene than they are in modern Globigerinita, but they do occur frequently (e.g., the Oligocene Globigerinita boweni morphotype of Brönnimann and Resig, 1971, and the Miocene Globigerinita incrusta morphotype of Akers, 1955, both of which are illustrated in SEM here for the first time; see Pl. 16.2, Figs. 2-3 and 13-15; see also Oligocene bullate specimens of Nocchi and others, 1991; Leckie and others, 1993; and Li and others, 2003b).

Oligocene and Miocene Globigerinita glutinata have commonly been described under the designation Globigerina juvenilis Bolli, 1957 (the holotype of which is middle Miocene). We illustrate here new SEMs of the holotype of juvenilis (Plate 16.2, Figs. 5-7) and confirm that it is a microperforate form that falls within our concept of glutinata. In the Oligocene it is common to find populations that appear to intergrade from Globigerinita glutinata morphotypes (usually with 3½ chambers in the final whorl and an intra-extrumbilical aperture) to Tenuitella munda morphotypes (usually with four chambers in the final whorl, an extraumbilical aperture and a slightly lower trochospiral). This occurs, for example, in the Ottenthal Formation of Austria (probably lower Zone O2, close to the first appearance of glutinata), but also at higher stratigraphic levels within the Oligocene (e.g., Jenkins, 1965; Jenkins and Srinivasan, 1986; Li and others, 2003a). We use the apertural position as the primary means of distinguishing the species (and genera). On Plate 16.2, Figs. 9-11 we illustrate the holotype of Globigerina parva Bolli (1957), in SEM for the first time (a form originally described from the lower Oligocene). We confirm the microperforate wall texture and note that this morphotype falls within this concept of glutinata but shows transitional features to munda (see also Pearson and Wade, 2009). On Plate 16.3, Fig. 13, we illustrate a specimen that is very close to typical munda in several respects but has an aperture that extends into the umbilicus and so is placed by us, on this arbitrary basis, in glutinata. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Catalog entries: Globigerina glutinata, Globigerinita naparimaensis, Globigerinita incrusta, Tinophodella ambitacrena, Globigerina juvenilis, Globigerina parva

Type images:

Distinguishing features: Low trochospire

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.

Description


Diagnostic characters: Globigerinita glutinata is distinguished from other globigeriniform species by its distinctive glutinata-type microperforate wall texture. It is distinguished from Globigerinita uvula by having a low to medium trochospiral coiling mode. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Wall type: Microperforate, smooth with pustules, radially crystalline in section (glutinata-type). [Pearson et al. 2018]

Test morphology: Trochospiral, low to medium spired, globigeriniform, primary aperture intraumbilical or intra-extraumbilical, usually a broad low arch with a fine lip of constant thickness; 3-3½ globular chambers in final whorl; umbilical sutures radial, incised; spiral sutures depressed, radial or slightly curved; may lack bulla (juvenilis morphotype), or may possess a small umbilical bulla (boweni morphotype), a large inflated umbilical bulla, a wide deflated umbilical bulla (incrusta morphotype), or a deflated bulla with infralaminar apertural tunnels extending along sutures (ambitacrena morphotype). Supplementary sutural apertures may be present on the spiral side. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Size: Mostly small to medium size (150-400 µm); generally smaller in the Oligocene than Recent. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Character matrix

test outline:Lobatechamber arrangement:Trochospiraledge view:Equally biconvexaperture:Umbilical
sp chamber shape:Globularcoiling axis:Low-moderateperiphery:N/Aaperture border:Bulla
umb chbr shape:Globularumbilicus:Narrowperiph margin shape:Broadly roundedaccessory apertures:Infralaminal
spiral sutures:Weakly depressedumb depth:Deepwall texture:Finely pustuloseshell porosity:Microperforate: <1µm
umbilical or test sutures:Moderately depressedfinal-whorl chambers:3.0-3.5 N.B. These characters are used for advanced search. N/A - not applicable

Biogeography and Palaeobiology


Geographic distribution:

Global.

[Pearson et al. 2018] Tropical to subpolar [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983] In modern oceans an abundant, warm & temperate water, species [SCOR WG138]

Isotope paleobiology:

Oligocene and lower Miocene forms have been recorded with an isotopic signature indicative of a shallow, mixed-layer habitat (Pearson and others, 2001; Majewski, 2003; Pearson and Wade, 2009).

[Pearson et al. 2018]

Phylogenetic relations:

Descended from Tenuitella munda in the lower Oligocene (Jenkins, 1965; Jenkins and Srinivasan, 1986). [Pearson et al. 2018]
Ga. glutinata is closely related to Ga. uvula but is larger and less trochospiral. Ga. glutinata is one of the long-ranging planktonic foraminiferal species in the Neogene and is ancestral to Globigerinatella and Candeina. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]
Molecular Genotypes (data from PFR2 database, June 2017). References:  André et al. 2014; Ujiié & Lipps 2009; Seears et al. 2012.

Most likely ancestor: Tenuitella munda - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: .
Likely descendants: Globigerinatella insueta; Globigerinita parkerae; Globigerinita uvula; Mutabella mirabilis;

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Notes:

If a broad concept is taken of this taxon, as here, it ranges from the lower Oligocene to Recent. Bolli (1957) recorded the lowest occurrence (LO) of Globigerina juvenilis (= Globigerinita glutinata in this study) in Trinidad at the base of the Globorotalia kugleri Zone (= approximately Zone O7, upper Oligocene). Li (1987) recorded the LO of Tenuitellinata juvenilis (=Globigerinita glutinata) at the base of Zone P21 (= base of Zone O4). Jenkins (1965) described the transition between Globorotalia munda and Globigerina juvenilis (= Globigerinita glutinata in this study) in the upper part of the lower Oligocene of New Zealand (see also Jenkins, 1985) (= approximately Zone O4 in this study). Bolli (1957) described his species Globigerina parva from a level equivalent to Zone O2 in the lower Oligocene. The parva form is herein regarded as an intermediate between T. munda and G. glutinata but within the morphological range of the latter species (see Pearson and Wade, 2009:211). We have observed a similar population of munda-glutinata intermediates in the Ottenthal Formation of Austria (nannofossil Zone NP22, probably equivalent to lower Zone O2).

[Pearson et al. 2018]
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (SCOR WG138)
First occurrence (base): within O2 zone (30.28-32.10Ma, base in Rupelian stage). Data source: Pearson et al. 2018 f16.1

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Pearson et al. 2018 - Olig Atlas chap.16 p.436; Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, p.224

References:

Akers, W. H. & Dorman, J. H. (1964). Pleistocene Foraminifera of the Gulf Coast. Tulane Studies in Geology. 3(1): 1-93. gs

Akers, W. H. (1955). Some planktonic foraminifera of the American Gulf Coast and suggested correlations with the Caribbean Tertiary. Journal of Paleontology. 29(4): 647-664. gs

André, A. et al. (2014). SSU rDNA Divergence in Planktonic Foraminifera: Molecular Taxonomy and Biogeographic Implications. PLoS One. 9: e104641-. gs

Blow, W. H. (1959). Age, correlation, and biostratigraphy of the upper Tocuyo (San Lorenzo) and Pozon Formations, eastern Falcon, Venezuela. Bulletins of American Paleontology. 39(178): 67-251. gs

Bolli, H. M. & Saunders, J. B. (1985). Oligocene to Holocene low latitude planktic foraminifera. In, Bolli, H. M. , Saunders, J. B. & Perch-Neilsen, K. (eds) Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK 155-262. gs

Bolli, H. M. (1957b). Planktonic foraminifera from the Oligocene-Miocene Cipero and Lengua formations of Trinidad, B.W.I. In, Loeblich, A. R. , Jr. , Tappan, H. , Beckmann, J. P. , Bolli, H. M. , Montanaro Gallitelli & E. Troelsen, J. C. (eds) Studies in Foraminifera. U.S. National Museum Bulletin. 215: 97-123. gs

BouDagher-Fadel, M. K. (2012). Biostratigraphic and Geological Significance of Planktonic Foraminifera (1st Edition). Elsevier., . 1-319. gs

Brönnimann, P. & Resig, J. (1971). A Neogene globigerinacean biochronologic time-scale of the southwestern Pacific. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 7(2): 1235-1469. gs

Brönnimann, P. (1951a). Globigerinita naparimaensis n. gen., n. sp., from the Miocene of Trinidad, B. W. I. Contributions from the Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research. 2(1): 16-18. gs

Chaisson, W. P. & Leckie, R. M. (1993). High-resolution Neogene planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy of Site 806, Ontong Java Plateau (Western Equatorial Pacific). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 130: 137-178. gs

Egger, J. G. (1893). Foraminiferen aus Meeresgrundproben, gelothet von 1874 bis 1876 von S. M. Sch. Gazelle. Abhandlungen der K. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Cl. II,. 18(2): 195-457. gs

Fleisher, R. L. (1974a). Cenozoic planktonic foraminifera and biostratigraphy, Arabian Sea, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 23A. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 23: 1001-1072. gs

Fleisher, R. (1975). Oligocene planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, central North Pacific Ocean, DSDP Leg 32. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 32: 753-763. gs

Fox, L. R. & Wade, B. S. (2013). Systematic taxonomy of early–middle Miocene planktonic foraminifera from the equatorial Pacific Ocean: Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Site U1338. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 43: 374-405. gs

Hemleben, C., Spindler, M. & Anderson, O. (1989). Modern Planktonic Foraminifera. Springer-Verlag, New York. -. gs

Jenkins, D. G. & Srinivasan, M. S. (1986). Cenozoic planktonic foraminifera from the equator to the sub-antarctic of the Southwest Pacific. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 90: 795-834. gs

Jenkins, D. G. (1965b). Planktonic Foraminiferal zones and new taxa from the Danian to lower Miocene of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 8(6): 1088-1126. gs

Jenkins, D. G. (1985). Southern mid-latitude Paleocene to Holocene planktic foraminifera. In, Bolli, H. M. , Saunders, J. B. & Perch-Nielsen, K. (eds) Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 263-282. gs

Kennett, J. P. & Srinivasan, M. S. (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. 1-265. gs

Leckie, R. M., Farnham, C. & Schmidt, M. G. (1993). Oligocene planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy of Hole 803D (Ontong Java Plateau) and Hole 628A (Little Bahama Bank), and comparison with the southern high latitudes. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 130: 113-136. gs

Li, Q. (1987). Origin, phylogenetic development and systematic taxonomy of the Tenuitella plexus (Globigerinitidae, Globigerininina). Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 17: 298-320. gs

Li, Q., Radford, S. S. & Banner, F. T. (1992). Distribution of microperforate tenuitellid planktonic foraminifers in Holes 747A and 749B, Kerguelen Plateau. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 120: 569-594. gs

Li, Q., McGowran, B. & Brunner, C. A. (2003a). Neogene planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy of Sites 1126, 1128, 1130, 1132, and 1134, ODP Leg 182, Great Australian Bight. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 182: 1-67. gs

Loeblich, A. R. & Tappan, H. (1957c). The new planktonic foraminiferal genus Tinophodella, and an emendation of Globigerinita Bronnimann. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 47(4): 112-116. gs

Loeblich, A. & Tappan, H. (1994). Foraminifera of the Sahul shelf and Timor Sea. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication. 31: 1-661. gs

Majewski, W. (2003). Water-depth distribution of Miocene planktonic foraminifera from ODP Site 744, southern Indian Ocean. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 33: 144-154. gs

Nathan, S. A. & Leckie, R. M. (2003). Miocene planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy of Sites 1143 and 1146, ODP Leg 184, South China Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 184: 1-43. gs

Nocchi, M., Amici, E. & Premoli Silva, I. (1991). Planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental interpretation of Paleogene faunas from the subantarctic transect, Leg 114. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 114: 233-273. gs

Norris, R. D. (1998). Planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy: Eastern Equatorial Atlantic. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 159: 445-479. gs

Parker, F. L. (1962). Planktonic foraminiferal species in Pacific sediments. Micropaleontology. 8(2): 219-254. gs

Pearson, P. N. & Chaisson, W. P. (1997). Late Paleocene to middle Miocene planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy, Ceara Rise. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 33-68. gs

Pearson, P. N. & Wade, B. S. (2009). Taxonomy and stable isotope paleoecology of well-preserved planktonic foraminifera from the uppermost Oligocene of Trinidad. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 39: 191-217. gs

Pearson, P. N. (1995). Planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy and the development of pelagic caps on guyots in the Marshall Islands group. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 144: 21-59. gs

Pearson, P. N. et al. (2001a). Warm tropical sea surface temperatures in the Late Cretaceous and Eocene epochs. Nature. 413: 481-487. gs

Pearson, P. N., Norris, R. D. & Empson, A. (2001b). Mutabella mirabilis gen. et sp. nov., a Miocene microperforate planktonic foraminifer with an extreme level of intraspecific variability. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 31: 120-132. gs

Pearson, P. N., Wade, B. S. & Huber, B. T. (2018c). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny of Oligocene Globigerinitidae (Dipsidripella, Globigerinita, and Tenuitella). In, Wade, B. S. , Olsson, R. K. , Pearson, P. N. , Huber, B. T. & Berggren, W. A. (eds) Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication. 46(Chap 16): 429-458. gs

Postuma, J. A. (1962). Manual of planktonic foraminifera. Bataafse Internationale Petroleum Maatschappij N.V The Hague. -. gs

Postuma, J. A. (1971). Manual of planktonic foraminifera. Elsevier for Shell Group, The Hague. 1-406. gs

Quilty, P. G. (1976). Planktonic foraminifera DSDP Leg 34, Nazca Plate. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 34: 629-703. gs

Rhumbler, L. (1911). Die Foraminiferen (Thalamophoren) der Plankton-Expedition: Teil 1. Die allgemeinen Organisations verhaltnisse der Foraminiferen, Plankton Expedition Humbold-Stiftung, Ergeben 3, L. C 1. . 1-331. gs

Seears, H. A., Darling, K. F. & Wade, C. M. (2012). Ecological partitioning and diversity in tropical planktonic foraminifera. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 12(54): 1-15. gs

Spezzaferri, S. (1994). Planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and taxonomy of the Oligocene and lower Miocene in the oceanic record. An overview. Palaeontographia Italica. 81: 1-187. gs

Stainforth, R. M., Lamb, J. L., Luterbacher, H., Beard, J. H. & Jeffords, R. M. (1975). Cenozoic planktonic foraminiferal zonation and characteristics of index forms. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions. 62: 1-425. gs

Ujiié, Y. & Lipps, J. H. (2009). Cryptic diversity in planktonic foraminifera in the northwest Pacific ocean. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 39: 145-154. gs


logo

Globigerinita glutinata compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 24-10-2019

Taxon Search:
Advanced Search

Short stable page link: http://mikrotax.org/pforams/index.php?id=104052 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes



Comments (0)

No comments yet. Be the first!

Add Comment

* Required information
1000
Captcha Image
Powered by Commentics