Globoconusa


Classification: pf_cenozoic -> microperforate -> Guembelitriidae -> Globoconusa
Sister taxa: Cassigerinelloita, Globoconusa, Guembelitria, Jenkinsina, Parvularugoglobigerina, Woodringina,
Daughter taxa (blue => in age window 0-300Ma)
Globoconusa daubjergensis is characterized by a microperforate wall structure. Its outer surface is covered by abundant small pustules. The species exhibits wide variation in spire height; some specimens are marked by a relatively low trochospire, whereas others display a relatively high spire (similar to short-spired Guembelitria cretacea). Globoconusa daubjergensis occasionally exhibits small secondary (intercameral) apertures. Both the primary and secondary apertures are sometimes covered by bullae.

Specimens which cannot be assigned to established species

Taxonomy

Citation: Globoconusa Khalilov, 1956
Rank: Genus
Type species: Globoconusa conusa Khalilov, 1956 = Globigerina daubjergensis Bronnimann, 1953.
Taxonomic discussion: Globoconusa conusa Khalilov, 1956, is widely considered to be a junior synonym of Globigerina daubjergensis Bronnimann, 1953 (Loeblich and Tappan, 1964, 1988; Khalilov, 1967; Morozova et al., 1967, Olsson, 1970; Premoli Silva, 1977; Hofker, 1978; Smit, 1982; Toumarkine and Luterbacher, 1985; Brinkhuis and Zachariasse, 1988; Stott and Kennett, 1990; D'Hondt and Keller, 1991; Huber, 1991b; Li and Radford, 1991; Liu and Olsson, 1992; Olsson et al., 1992). A different opinion was held by Blow (1979), who noted that Khalilov's (1956:249) type description of Globoconusa conusa differs from the holotype of G. daubjergensis in some respects (i.e., the test of G. conusa was originally described as "strongly thickened" and "covered with small, dense pits"). On this basis, Blow (1979) created the generic designation Globastica for Globigerina daubjergensis and related forms. [Olsson et al. 1999]

Catalog entries: Globoconusa;

Type images:

Distinguishing features: Test tiny, low to high trochospire of 2-2½ whorls; each whorl comprised of 3-4 inflated, subglobular chambers. Wall calcareous, microperforate, with distinctly hispid surface; pustules often peripherally associated with a small pore (and vice-versa). Aperture a very small, low arch, with umbilical position. Test sometimes marked by one or more small supplementary apertures on spiral side.

NB The short diagnoses are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus. They have initially been copied from the diagnostic characters/distinguishing features sections of the Eocene and Paleocene Atlases, they will be edited as the site is developed.

Description


Diagnostic characters: Test tiny, low to high trochospire of 2-2½ whorls; each whorl comprised of 3-4 inflated, subglobular chambers. Wall calcareous, microperforate, with distinctly hispid surface; pustules often peripherally associated with a small pore (and vice-versa). Aperture a very small, low arch, with umbilical position. Test sometimes marked by one or more small supplementary apertures on spiral side.

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Most likely ancestor: Woodringina - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Olsson et al. 1999.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): in upper part of Danian Stage (78% up, 62.6Ma, in Danian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): at base of Danian Stage (0% up, 66Ma, in Danian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Olsson et al. 1999 - Atlas of Paleocene Planktonic Foraminifera, p. 80

References:

Blow, W.H., (1979). The Cainozoic Globigerinida: A study of the morphology, taxonomy, evolutionary relationships and stratigraphical distribution of some Globigerinida (mainly Globigerinacea), 2. E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1413 pp.

Brinkhuis, H. & Zachariasse, W., (1988). Dinoflagellate cysts, sea level changes and planktonic foraminifers across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at El Haria, northwest Tunisia. Marine Micropaleontology, 13(2): 153-191.

Brönnimann, P., (1953). Note on planktonic foraminifera from Danian localities of Jutland, Denmark. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 45: 339-341.

D'Hondt, S. & Keller, G., (1991). Some patterns of planktic foraminiferal assemblage turnover at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Marine Micropaleontology, 17: 77-118.

Hofker, J., (1978). Analysis of a large succession of samples through the Upper Maastrichtian and Lower Tertiary of Drill Hole 47.2, Shatsky Rise, Pacific, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 8(1): 46-75.

Huber, B.T., (1991). Paleogene and Early Neogene Planktonic Foraminifer Biostratigraphy of Sites 738 and 744, Kerguelen Plateau (Southern Indian Ocean). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 119: 427-449.

Huber, B.T.; Olsson, R.K. & Pearson, P.N., (2006). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny of Eocene microperforate planktonic foraminifera (Jenkinsina, Cassigerinelloita, Chiloguembelina, Streptochilus, Zeauvigerina, Tenuitella, and Cassigerinella) and Problematica (Dipsidripella). In: Pearson, P.N. et al. (Editors), Atlas of Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera, Cushman Foundation Special Publication 41. Cushman Foundation Special Publication. 41 Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 461-508.

Khalilov, D.M., (1956). 0 pelagicheskoy faune foraminifer Paleogenovykh otlozheniy Azerbaydzhana [Pelagic Foraminifera of the Paleogene Deposits of the Azerbaizhan SSR]. Trudy Instituta Geologii, Akademiya Nauk Azerbaidzhanskoi SSR, 17: 234-255.

Khalilov, D.M., (1967). Mikrofauna i stratigraphfiya Paleogenovykh otlozheniy Azerbaydzhana, Chast' 2 [Microfauna and stratigraphy of the Paleogene deposits of Azerbaydzhan, Part II]. Instituta Geologii im Akademika I.M. Gubkina, Akademiya Nauk Azerbaydzhanskoy SSR, Baku, 216 pp.

Li, Q. & Radford, S.S., (1991). Evolution and biogeography of Paleogene microperforate planktonic foraminifera. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 83: 87-115.

Liu, C. & Olsson, R.K., (1992). Evolutionary radiation of microperforate planktonic foraminifera following the K/T mass extinction event. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 22: 328-346.

Loeblich, A.R., Jr. & Tappan, H., (1964). Sarcodina, Chiefly "Thecamoebians" and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R.C. (Editor), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Protista 2, pt. C. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, pp. 900 p.

Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H., (1964). On "Hastigerina digitata Rhumbler. 1911 ". Micropaleontology, 10(4): 494-495.

Morozova, V.G.; Kozhevnikova, G.E. & Kuryleva, A.M., (1967). Datsko-Paleotsenovye Raznofatsial'nye Otlozheniya Kopet-Daga I. Metody Ikh korrelyatsii po foraminiferam [Danian-Paleocene heterofacial deposits of Kopet-Dag and methods of their correlation according to the foraminifers]. Trudy Geologicheskogo Instituta. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 157: 1-208.

Olsson, R.K., (1970). Paleocene planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and paleozoogeography of New Jersey. Journal of Paleontology, 44(4): 589-604.

Olsson, R.K.; Hemleben, C.; Berggren, W.A. & Liu, C., (1992). Wall Texture Classification of planktonic foraminifera genera in the Lower Danian. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 22(3): 195-213.

Premoli Silva, I., (1977). Upper Cretaceous-Paleocene magnetic stratigraphy at Gubbio, Italy; II. Biostratigraphy. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 88: 371-374.

Smit, J., (1982). Extinction and Evolution of planktonic foraminifera after a major impact at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. In: Silver, L.T. and Schultz, P.H. (Editors), Geological Implications of Impacts of Large Asteroids and Comets on the Earth, Geological Society of America Special Paper 190. pp. 329-352.

Stott, L.D. & Kennett, J.P., (1990). The Paleoceanographic and Paleoclimatic signature of the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary in the Antarctic: Stable isotopic results from ODP Leg 113. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 113: 829-848.

Toumarkine, M. & Luterbacher, H., (1985). Paleocene and Eocene planktic foraminifera. Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 87-154 pp.


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Globoconusa compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 25-6-2018

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