Globorotalia ungulata


Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Globorotaliidae -> Globorotalia -> tumida lineage -> Globorotalia ungulata
Sister taxa: G. ungulata, G. flexuosa, G. tumida, G. plesiotumida, G. merotumida,

Taxonomy

Citation: Globorotalia ungulata Bermúdez, 1961
Rank: species
Basionym: Globorotalia ungulata
Synonyms: Globorotalia (Globorotalia) ungulata Bermúdez, 1961 [e.g. Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Catalog entries: Globorotalia ungulata

Type images:

Distinguishing features: Keel & lateral shell outline thickest on last chamber

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.

Description


Diagnostic characters: Small, umbilico-convex, equatorial periphery ovate with thin but distinct keel

Aperture: Interiomarginal umbilical-extraumbilical low arch covered by lip [Aze 2011, based on Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Coiling direction (in extant population): sinistral


Wall type: Non-spinose; Smooth [Aze 2011]

Test morphology: Test small, umbilical side more highly vaulted than spiral , equatorial periphery ovate, slightly lobulate, axial periphery biconvex, with a thin but distinct keel; about 5 chambers in the final whorl increasing uniformly in size as added; spiral sutures limbate, slightly raised, oblique, merging with the keel on the periphery, on umbilical side almost radial, depressed; surface thin, densely perforate with circular pores and flat and smooth interpore area (PI. 36, Figs. 3, 4); umbilicus narrow; aperture a low arch at the base of the smooth apertural face, bordered by a lip ; interiomarginal umbilical-extraumbilical. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Size: >150µm

Character matrix

test outline:Ovatechamber arrangement:Trochospiraledge view:Inequally biconvexaperture:Umbilical-extraumbilical
sp chamber shape:Crescenticcoiling axis:Lowperiphery:Single keelaperture border:Thick lip
umb chbr shape:Subtriangularumbilicus:Narrowperiph margin shape:Subangularaccessory apertures:None
spiral sutures:Raisedumb depth:Shallowwall texture:Smoothshell porosity:Macroperforate: >2.5µm
umbilical or test sutures:Weakly depressedfinal-whorl chambers:5.0-5.0 N.B. These characters are used for advanced search. N/A - not applicable

Biogeography and Palaeobiology


Geographic distribution: Tropical. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983] Low latitudes [Aze et al. 2011, based on Kennett & Srinivasan (1983)]

In modern oceans a common, warm water, species [SCOR WG138]


Isotope paleobiology: Aze et al. 2011 ecogroup 3 - Open ocean thermocline. Based on light ∂13C and relatively heavy ∂18O Cited sources (Aze et al. 2011 appendix S3): this study

Phylogenetic relations: This species resembles Gr. (Gr.) tumida tumida in test shape but is distinguished from it by its very thin, delicate and smooth, and finely perforate test. Lamb and Beard (1972) suggested that Gr. (Gr.) ungulata may be a shallow-water, thin-walled growth form of Gr. (Gr.) tumida tumida. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983] Molecular Genotypes recognised (data from PFR2 database, June 2017), one genotype only from 39 sequences. References: André et al. 2014; Seears et al. 2012.

Most likely ancestor: Globorotalia tumida - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, fig 17; Stewart 2003 fig. 6.10; Aze et al. 2011, appendix 5.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (SCOR WG138)
First occurrence (base): within N20 zone (3.10-4.37Ma, base in Zanclean stage). Data source: Chaisson & Pearson (1997)

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, p.160

References:

André, A. et al. (2014). SSU rDNA Divergence in Planktonic Foraminifera: Molecular Taxonomy and Biogeographic Implications. PLoS One. 9: e104641-. gs

Aze, T. et al. (2011). A phylogeny of Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic foraminifera from fossil data. Biological Reviews. 86: 900-927. gs

Bermudez, P. J. (1961). Contribucion al estudio de las Globigerinidea de la region Caribe-Antillana (Paleoceno-Reciente). Editorial Sucre, Caracas. 1119-1393. gs

Chaisson, W. P. & Pearson, P. N. P. (1997). Planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy at Site 925: Middle Miocene–Pleistocene. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results,. 154: 3-31. gs

Kennett, J. P. & Srinivasan, M. S. (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. 1-265. gs

Lamb, J. L. & Beard, J. H. (1972). Late Neogene planktonic foraminifers in the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and Italian stratotypes,. Kansas Univ. Paleont. Contrib., Art. 57 (Protozoa 8). 1-67. gs

Loeblich, A. & Tappan, H. (1994). Foraminifera of the Sahul shelf and Timor Sea. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication. 31: 1-661. gs

Seears, H. A., Darling, K. F. & Wade, C. M. (2012). Ecological partitioning and diversity in tropical planktonic foraminifera. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 12(54): 1-15. gs


logo

Globorotalia ungulata compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 22-11-2019

Taxon Search:
Advanced Search

Short stable page link: http://mikrotax.org/pforams/index.php?id=104138 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes



Comments (0)

No comments yet. Be the first!

Add Comment

* Required information
1000
Captcha Image
Powered by Commentics