This page provides data from the catalog of type descriptions. The catalog is sorted alphabetically. Use the current identification link to go back to the main database.

Higher levels: pf_cat -> H -> Hillsella
Other pages this level: Haeuslerina, Haigella, Hantkenina, Hantkenina (Applinella), Hantkenina (Cribrohantkenina), Hantkenina (Hantkenina), Hantkeninidae, Hantkenininae, Hartella, Hastigerina, Hastigerina (Bolliella), Hastigerina (Hastigerina), Hastigerinella, Hastigerinella (Hastigerinoides), Hastigerininae, Hastigerinoides, Hastigerinopsis, Hedbergella, Hedbergella (Asterohedbergella), Hedbergellidae, Helvetiella, Helvetoglobotruncana, Hendersonia, Hendersonites, Heterohelicida, Heterohelicidae, Heterohelix, Heterohelix (Pseudoguembelina), Hillsella, Huberella,

Daughter taxa (blue => in age window 0-300Ma)
status uncertain


Citation: Hillsella
Rank: Genus
Type locality: Geographic distribution Carribean (Venezuelan Basin, Yucatan Shelf).
Type level: Upper Turonian–Coniacian (from the Marginotruncana schneegansi Biozone to the lower part of Dicarinella concavata Biozone).

Current identification/main database link:

Original Description

Diagnosis:Hedbergellid with cancellate test wall and ornamented with scattered pustules.

Description:Test very low trochospiral with globular chambers. The last-formed chamber can be slightly radially elongate (Pl. 1:2a, Pl. 2:3c). Sutures are distinct and depressed. Periphery is broadly rounded and without imperforate peripheral band or keels. Aperture is in the shape of medium-high to high arch, peripheral-extraumbilical to peripheral in position, and bordered by an imperfo- rate lip. Relict apertures are present in the shallow and medium-wide umbilical area. Chamber surface is orna- mented with scattered, small-sized pustules. Test wall is calcareous, hyaline, macroperforate, and cancellate.

Etymology: Genus named in honour of Dr. Leonard V. Hills (University of Calgary) as acknowledgment for his out- standing contributions in Canadian palynology.

Extra details from original publication

Remarks:The cancellate test wall in Hillsella n. g. has a general resemblance to that of Favusella Michael 1972, and Ascoliella Banner and Desai 1988, which are described as reticulate. The reticulate ornamentation in Favusella and Ascoliella consists of a network of ridges, which are fused to result in a honeycomblike network. Pores, which are 0.8 to 1.1 µm in diameter, are situated in the polygonal or subpolygonal areas enclosed by the network ridges. There are several perforations (3 to 12) present within each of the enclosed areas that form the reticulate ornamentation. By contrast, Hillsella n. g. has pustulose ornamentation, and the general “reticulate” appearance of the test is given by the cancellate test, in which the perforation diameter ranges between 3.1 and 4.2 µm. The irregularly reticulate ornamentation recently described in the upper Campanian–Maastrichtian serial planktonic genus Braunella Georgescu, 2007 (Family Heterohelicidae Cushman 1927) should not be considered similar to either the reticulate or cancellate one from the trochospiral tests (Georgescu, 2007a). The irregularly developed reticulate network in Braunella is the result of partial merging between adjacent costae (Fig.3:2) (Georgescu, 2007b). Chamber surface with fused ridges surrounding each larger pore is developed in another trochospiral genus of the late Albian, namely Biticinella Sigal, 1956. In the case of this genus with smooth chamber surface, the fused ridges apparently result from the thickening of the test wall (Fig. 3:1).

Species included Hillsella hillsi nov. sp.

Phylogenetic relationships:The ancestor of Hillsella n. g. is unknown. The cancellate test wall and large and dense perforations differentiate this genus from any other known hedbergellid taxon of the middle Cenomanian–Maastrichtian stratigraphic interval. It is unclear at present if Hillsella evolved either from a smooth species of Hedbergella through the direct development of a cancellate test wall, or from a pustulose species through a major change in test ornamentation (i.e., adjustments in pustule size and density) in parallel with a change of the test wall from simple to cancellate and an increase in perforation size. However, the general features of the test, such as chamber shape, position of the main aperture, and the nature of periapertural structures (i.e., imperforate lip) indicate that Hillsella belongs to Subfamily Hedbergellinae Loeblich and Tappan 1961.



Georgescu MD 2008 A new planktonic foraminiferal taxon of the Family Hedbergellidae Loeblich [sorry, not in our bibliography yet]


Hillsella compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 18-3-2018

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