Classification: pf_neogene -> Globigerinidae -> Orbulina
Sister taxa: Beella, Globigerina, Globigerinella, Protentella, Globigerinoides, Globigerinoidesella, Globoturborotalita, Orbulina, Praeorbulina, Sphaeroidinella, Sphaeroidinellopsis, Trilobatus, Turborotalita, Catapsydrax, Clavatorella, Paragloborotalia, Orcadia,

Distinguishing features: Spherical terminal chamber:

Daughter taxa (blue => in age window 0-300Ma)
final chamber enveloping earlier test
final chamber not entirely enveloping earlier test
Specimens which cannot be assigned to established species


Citation: Orbulina d’Orbigny, 1839
Rank: genus
Type species: Orbulina universus
Taxonomic discussion: Orbulina universa, the type species of Orbulina, was originally described from Recent sands off Cuba in 1839, and since then, several authors have amended the original description and diagnosis of the genus (Costa, 1856, see Ellis and Messina, 1940, et seq.; Brönnimann, 1951; Blow, 1956). [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Catalog entries: Orbulina;

Type images:

Distinguishing features: Spherical terminal chamber:

NB The short diagnoses are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus. They have initially been copied from the diagnostic characters/distinguishing features sections of the Eocene and Paleocene Atlases, they will be edited as the site is developed.


Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Phylogenetic relations: Orbulina was derived from Praeorbulina [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Most likely ancestor: Praeorbulina - at confidence level 4 (out of 5). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, fig. 11, Spezzaferri et al. 2015.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): in lower part of Langhian Stage (40% up, 15.1Ma, in Langhian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, p.86


d'Orbigny, A., (1839). Foraminiferes. In: de la Sagra, R. (Editor), Histoire physique et naturelle de l'Ile de Cuba. A. Bertrand, Paris, France, pp. 224.


Orbulina compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 22-3-2018

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