Parvularugoglobigerina


Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Guembelitrioidea -> Guembelitriidae -> Parvularugoglobigerina
Sister taxa: Cassigerinelloita, Globoconusa, Guembelitria, Jenkinsina, Parvularugoglobigerina, Woodringina
Daughter taxa: (blue => in age window 0-800Ma)
Parvularugoglobigerina eugubina
Morphology extremely variable; test small, trochospiral with 2½ whorls, each with 4½ to 8 inflated subglobular chambers, increasing slowly in size. The first and last whorls generally contain the same number of chambers. Spire height  low to moderate; aperture elongate with a thickened rim, umbilical to nearly peripheral, may show more than one dorsal aperture.
Parvularugoglobigerina extensa
Like P. alabamensis but aperture is centrally located, umbilical to extraumbilical, marked by a distinct lip, often elongate, and often asymmetrically oriented.
Parvularugoglobigerina alabamensis
Test of 2½ whorls, each composed of 3 to 4 inflated subglobular chambers, increasing slowly in size. The aperture is low, centrally located, umbilical, and marked by a distinct lip.
Parvularugoglobigerina sp.
Specimens which cannot be assigned to established species

Taxonomy

Citation: Parvularugoglobigerina (Hofker, 1978), emended
Rank: Genus
Type species: Globigerina eugubina Luterbacher and Premoli Silva, 1964.
Synonyms: Postrugoglobigerina Salaj, 1986:52.
Taxonomic discussion: As noted by several previous authors, Hofker's (1978) description of Parvularugoglobigerina eugubina (Luterbacher and Premoli Silva) does not accurately describe Globigerina eugubina Luterbacher and Premoli Silva, 1964 (Bang, 1979; Brinkhuis and Zachariasse, 1988; Loeblich and Tappan, 1988; Liu and Olsson,1992; Olsson et al., 1992). Nonetheless, the genus Parvularugoglobigerina was erected with Globigerina eugubina Luterbacher and Premoli Silva, 1964, as the type species, and it remains the generic label for that species and related forms (Hofker, 1978; Brinkhuis and Zachariasse, 1988; Loeblich and Tappan, 1988; Olsson et al., 1992).
The type species of Postrugoglobigerina is Postrugoglobigerina hariana Salaj, 1986. Because Postrugoglobigerina hariana Salaj, 1986, is a junior synonym of Globigerina eugubina Luterbacher and Premoli Silva, 1964, Postrugoglobigerina Salaj, 1986, is a junior synonym of Parvularugoglobigerina Hofker, 1978.
Parvularugoglobigerinids generally resemble woodringinids in their surface texture and apertural characteristics. [Olsson et al. 1999]

NB The presentation here still essentially follows Olsson et al. (1999). However the group has been extensively revised, particularly by Arenillas and co-workers, see Arenillas et al. 2018 for a synthesis of this work. [editor's comment - JRY 2018]

Catalog entries: Parvularugoglobigerina

Distinguishing features: Small, moderate to low trochospire of 2½ whorls of (sub)globular chambers. Chambers gradually increase in size; 3½-7 chambers per whorl, separated by radial and depressed sutures on both spiral and umbilical sides. Umbilicus closed. Aperture umbilical to extraumbilical, comma-shaped arch to long narrow opening in nearly equatorial position; bordered by a slight lip. Microperforate.

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.

Description

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Most likely ancestor: Benthic foraminifera - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Olsson et al. 1999.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): in lower part of Selandian Stage (37% up, 60.7Ma, in Selandian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): at base of Danian Stage (0% up, 66Ma, in Danian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Olsson et al. 1999 - Atlas of Paleocene Planktonic Foraminifera, p. 82

References:

Arenillas, I., Arz, J. A. & Gilabert, V. (2018). Blooms of aberrant planktic foraminifera across the K/Pg boundary in the Western Tethys: causes and evolutionary implications. Paleobiology. 44(3): 460-489. gs

Bang, I. (1979). Foraminifera from the Type Section of the eugubina Zone Compared with Those from the Cretaceous/Tertiary Boundary Localities in Jylland, Denmark. Danmarks Geologiske Undersogelse Arbog. 1979: 139-165. gs

Brinkhuis, H. & Zachariasse, W. (1988). Dinoflagellate cysts, sea level changes and planktonic foraminifers across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at El Haria, northwest Tunisia. Marine Micropaleontology. 13(2): 153-191. gs

Hofker, J. (1978). Analysis of a large succession of samples through the Upper Maastrichtian and Lower Tertiary of Drill Hole 47.2, Shatsky Rise, Pacific, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 8(1): 46-75. gs

Huber, B. T., Olsson, R. K. & Pearson, P. N. (2006). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny of Eocene microperforate planktonic foraminifera (Jenkinsina, Cassigerinelloita, Chiloguembelina, Streptochilus, Zeauvigerina, Tenuitella, and Cassigerinella) and Problematica (Dipsidripella). In, Pearson, P. N. , Olsson, R. K. , Hemleben, C. , Huber, B. T. & Berggren, W. A. (eds) Atlas of Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication. 41(Chap 16): 461-508. gs V O

Li, Q., McGowran, B. & Boersma, A. (1995). Early Palaeocene Parvularugoglobigerina and late Eocene Praetenuitella: does evolutionary convergence imply similar habitat? Journal of Micropalaeontology. 14: 119-134. gs V O

Loeblich, A. R. & Tappan, H. (1988). Foraminiferal Genera and Their Classification (Volume I-II). Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York. 1-1059. gs

Luterbacher, H. & Premoli-Silva, I. (1964a). Biostratigrafia del limite Cretaceo-Terziario nell'Appennino Centrale. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia. 70: 67-128. gs V O

Olsson, R. K., Hemleben, C., Berggren, W. A. & Liu, C. (1992). Wall Texture Classification of planktonic foraminifera genera in the Lower Danian. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 22(3): 195-213. gs

Salaj, J. (1986). The new Postrugoglobigerina praedaubjergensis Zone at the base of the stratotype of the marine Paleocene (El Kef, Tunisia). Geologiscky Zbornik -Geologica Carpathica. 37: 35-58. gs V O


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Parvularugoglobigerina compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 28-10-2020

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