Classification: pf_mesozoic -> Heterohelicidae -> Spiroplecta
Sister taxa: Braunella, Gublerina, Hendersonites, Heterohelix, Huberella, Laeviheterohelix, Lunatriella, Planoglobulina, Planoheterohelix, Praegublerina, Protoheterohelix, Pseudoguembelina, Pseudotextularia, Racemiguembelina, Rectoguembelina, Sigalia, Spiroplecta, Ventilabrella, Zeauvigerina,
Daughter taxa: (blue => in age window 0-800Ma)

Specimens which cannot be assigned to established species


Citation: Spiroplecta Ehrenberg 1844
Rank: Genus
Basionym: Spiroplecta americana
Type species: Spiroplecta americana Ehrenberg, 1844
Taxonomic discussion: With redescription by Frerichs and Gaskill (1978, *1182, p. 143) of Textilaria americana (type species of Heterohelix) as having prominently subtriangular to laterally apiculate chambers, the distinction between Heterohelix and the globular-chambered Spiroplecta appears sufficient for recognition of both. Ehrenberg's figure (1854, *1068, pl. 32 II, fig. 25) was designated by Cushman as the "genotype" of Spiroplecta. This specimen was later stated to be the lectotype of the species (Loeblich, 1951, *1875, p. 108). When regarded as congeneric with Heterohelix, Spiroplecta americana becomes a secondary junior homonym of Textilaria americana Ehrenberg, 1843 (the type species of Heterohelix) and is then correctly known as Heterohelix navarroensis Loeblich, 1951. However, if both genera are recognized as distinct, as they are herein, they are no longer secondary homonyms and the present type species is correctly cited as Spiroplecta americana.

Type images:

Original description: Spiroplecta Ehrenberg 1844:

Entries in the Catalog of original descriptions: Spiroplecta;

Distinguishing features: Test with early chambers in a planispiral coil, at least in the microspheric stage, later biserial, chambers globular and inflated, sutures depressed; wall calcareous, perforate, commonly ornamented with fine longitudinal striae; aperture a symmetrical arch at the base of the final chamber.

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Maastrichtian Stage (66.04-72.05Ma, top in Maastrichtian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): within Campanian Stage (72.05-83.64Ma, base in Campanian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

Dec 2017 - Plotting of Neptune data has been re-enabled on the Mesozoic pages following revision of the age-models in Neptune. The data is, however, still very sparse for the Early Cretaceous


Loeblich, A.R. & Tappan, H. (Editors), (1988). Foraminiferal Genera and Their Classification (Volume I-II). Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, 1059 pp. GS


Spiroplecta compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 16-6-2019

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Short stable page link: http://mikrotax.org/pforams/index.php?id=110535 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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