Calocycletta robusta


Classification: rads_cenozoic -> Pterocorythidae -> Calocycletta -> Calocycletta robusta
Sister taxa: C. acanthocephala, C. anekathen, C. caepa, C. cladara, C. costata, C. parva, C. robusta, C. serrata, C. virginis, C. sp.

Taxonomy

Citation: Calocycletta robusta Moore 1971
Rank: species
Basionym: Calocycletta robusta
Taxonomic discussion: Moore 1971 p 743-744 pl 10 figs 5, 6; Moore 1995 p 211

Catalog entries: Calocycletta robusta

Original description: Stout conical apical horn which envelopes or nearly envelopes an ovate, lobed cephalis. Cephalis has very sparse subcircular pores. Thorax robust and hemispherical to subspherical in shape. Rough surface of the thorax contains circular, hexagonally arranged pores with a tendency towards longitudinal alignment. Lumbar stricture usually not marked externally (except in early forms). Abdomen tapers distally and contains subcircular pores which are strongly longitudinally aligned. Abdominal termination usually ragged, but may end in irregular lamellar and tapering feet in the later forms.

Based on 30 specimens. Length of apical horn 80-185 µ; of cephalis 34-48 µ; of thorax 73-144 µ; of abdomen 64-120 µ; of feet (when present) 16-48 µ. Breadth of cephalis 40-56 µ; of thorax 120-178 µ; of abdomen (distal) 64-96 µ. Distinguishing characters (rw): This species is distinguished from Calocycletta parva by the heavier shell of C. robusta (particularly the abdomen), the more regular shape and arrangements of the abdominal pores and the long,
conical apical horn.

Later forms of C. robusta are distinguished from C. virginis by the presence in C. virginis of regularly spaced terminal feet that generally begin at the same level on the abdomen and are of approximately equal width and length. Hence, it is necessary to have complete specimens to distinguish between the two species. Similarly C. robusta can only be distinguished from C. serrata by the presence on the latter species of triangular terminal feet. Phylogeny (rw): Descendant of Calocycletta parva and ancestor of Calocycletta virginis and Calocycletta serrata.
Remarks on original description: Early forms of C. robusta have a nearly hemispherical thorax, a cylindrical shape in the region of the lumbar stricture, and an abdomen that tapers distally. Later forms have a subspherical thorax that gives rise smoothly to the uniform taper of the abdomen at or slightly above the lumbar stricture.
prominent constituent of assemblages from latitudes lower than 40 degrees

Description

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Paleogene Period (23.03-66.04Ma, top in Chattian stage). Data source: Lazarus et al. 2015 - "P age group"
First occurrence (base): within Paleogene Period (23.03-66.04Ma, base in Danian stage). Data source: Lazarus et al. 2015 - "P age group"

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Moore, T. C. Jr. (1971). Radiolaria. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 8: 727-774. gs

Moore, T. C. (1995). Radiolarian stratigraphy, Leg 138. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 138: 191-232. gs


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Calocycletta robusta compiled by the radiolaria@mikrotax project team viewed: 21-10-2020

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