Didymocyrtis prismatica


Classification: rads_cenozoic -> Coccodiscidae -> Didymocyrtis -> Didymocyrtis prismatica
Sister taxa: D. antepenultima, D. avita, D. bassanii, D. didymus, D. laticonus, D. mammifera, D. penultima, D. prismatica, D. tetrathalamus, D. tubaria, D. violina, D. sp.

Taxonomy

Citation: Didymocyrtis prismatica (Haeckel 1887)
Rank: species
Basionym: Pipettella prismatica Riedel & Sanfilippo 1971
Taxonomic discussion: (Haeckel)1887 p.305 pl.39 fig.6 as Pipettella; Riedel & Sanfilippo 1971 pl.2C fi; Sanfilippo and Riedel 1980 p.1010; Moore 1971 pl.12 figs.1-2

Catalog entries: Pipettella prismatica

Original description: Shell ellipsoidal, thick walled, distinctly marked off from the two opposite tubes, which are longer than its main axis and as broad as one-fifth of it; they are nearly four-sided prismatic, with four strong ribs or edges; these are directed parallel to the main axis, in two meridian planes, perpendicular to one another. The wall of the shell is thickened in the equatorial plane, so as to form a slight stricture on the inside, separating its two halves. Both axes of the ellipsoid bear the proportion of 7: 6. Network regular, with circular pores, somewhat broader than the bars. The meshes of the shell (fourteen to sixteen on the half equator) are twice as great as those of the tubes, which are arranged in two longitudinal rows between every two ribs (there being eight longitudinal rows on the whole tube). This species is very remarkable for the rudimentary internal equatorial stricture of the shell (transition to the genus Cannartus, Pl. 39, fig. 10), and by the four edges of the tubes, which indicate two of the dimensive axes, the third being represented by the main axis.

Longer axis of the ellipsoid 0.14, shorter axis 0.12; length of the tubes 0.15 to 0.16, breadth 0.03; pores of the shell 0.008 to 0.01, pores of the tubes 0.004.
Remarks on original description: [The Cannartus species illustrated on pl.39, fig.10 is Cannartus violina Haeckel, 1887a.
See also Pipetta salpinx Haeckel, 1887a.]

Description

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Paleogene Period (23.03-66.04Ma, top in Chattian stage). Data source: Lazarus et al. 2015 - "P age group"
First occurrence (base): within Paleogene Period (23.03-66.04Ma, base in Danian stage). Data source: Lazarus et al. 2015 - "P age group"

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Haeckel, E (1887). Report on the Radiolaria collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the year 1873-1876, Zoology. 18: 1-1803. gs

Moore, T. C. Jr. (1971). Radiolaria. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 8: 727-774. gs

Riedel, W. R. & Sanfilippo, A. (1971). Cenozoic Radiolaria from the western tropical Pacific, Leg 7. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 7: 1529-1666. gs

Sanfilippo, A. & Riedel, W. R. (1980). A revised generic and suprageneric classification of the Artiscins (Radiolaria). Journal of Paleontology. 54(5): 1008-1011. gs


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Didymocyrtis prismatica compiled by the radiolaria@mikrotax project team viewed: 25-11-2020

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