Nannotax3 - ntax_cenozoic - Balaniger Nannotax3 - ntax_cenozoic - Balaniger


Classification: ntax_cenozoic -> Coccolith families inc sed -> Papposphaeraceae -> Balaniger
Sister taxa: Papposphaera, Pappomonas, Balaniger, Formonsella, Quaternariella ⟩⟨ Ventimolina, Wigwamma, Pseudowigwamma ⟩⟨ Kataspinifera, Picarola, Vexillarius, Pocillithus

Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)
Balaniger virgulosa
Central area with concentric rings of crystallites, rim elements separated and so wall is discontinuous.
CFC process ca. 1.5 µm high, with long stem supporting four (occasionally 2or 3) radiating rods ca. 0.5 µm long.


Citation: Balaniger Thomsen & Oates 1978
taxonomic rank: Genus
Type species: Balaniger balticus Thomsen & Oates (1978) (=B. virgulosa)
Taxonomic discussion: The species B. virgulosa was formerly included in Pappomonas but the holococcolith phase is clearly distinctive and heterococcolith rim arguably distinctive (Thomsen & Ostergaard 2014)

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (Papposphaeraceae): Narrow-rimmed muroliths, mostly with prominent central structures.
This taxon: Coccolith distal rim with separated elements
Coccosphere dimorphic - spines only on some coccoliths, calyx of four rods

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Balaniger *

Search data:
LITHS: murolith, elliptical, CA: concentric-ring(s), ca_disjunct, vacant, process,
CSPH: elongated, CFC,
Lith size: 0.7->0.9µm; Coccosphere size: 3->7µm;
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant. Data source: Total of ranges of the species in this database
First occurrence (base): within No known fossil record modern (0.00-0.00Ma, base in "Holocene" stage). Data source: Total of ranges of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:


Thomsen, H. A. & Oates, K. (1978). Balaniger balticus gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophiceae) form Danish coastal waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 58: 773-779. gs

Thomsen, H. A. & Ostergaard, J. B. (2014). Coccolithophorids in polar waters: Pappomonas spp. revisited. Acta Protozoologica. 53: 235-256. gs


Balaniger compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 16-7-2024

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Short stable page link: Go to to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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