Nannotax3 - ntax_cenozoic - Toweius callosus Nannotax3 - ntax_cenozoic - Toweius callosus

Toweius callosus


Classification: ntax_cenozoic -> Isochrysidales -> Prinsiaceae -> Toweius -> Toweius callosus
Sister taxa: T. oztunalii ⟩⟨ T. occultatus, T. eminens, T. tovae, T. serotinus, T. pertusus ⟩⟨ T. reticulum, T. selandianus, T. rotundus, T. patellus, T. callosus, T. magnicrassus, T. brusselensis ⟩⟨ T. gammation ⟩⟨ T. sp.

Taxonomy:

Citation: Toweius callosus Perch-Nielsen, 1971
taxonomic rank: Species
Variants:

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (Toweius): Typically medium-sized.(5-8 µm), elliptical to circular, central areas typically with a conjunct net and/or bars.
This taxon: Medium sized (4-8 µm); elliptical to sub-circular Toweius; central area spanned by a fine proximal net (often missing and not visible in LM)

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: T. callosus * , T. brusselensis *


Morphology:

See Wei et al (1993) for detailed discussion and size data.

Search data:
LITHS: placolith, circular, elliptical, CA: ca_conjunct, grill, vacant,
CSPH: equant, monomorphic, CROSS-POLARS: rim-bicyclic, V-prominent, R-prominent,
Lith size: 4->8µm;
Data source notes: Wei et al 1993
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within NP15 zone (42.87-46.29Ma, top in Lutetian stage). Data source: [PRB rough estimate]
First occurrence (base): within NP9 zone (55.86-57.21Ma, base in Thanetian stage). Data source: Perch-Nielsen 1985

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Bown, P. R. & Dunkley Jones, T. (2012). Calcareous nannofossils from the Paleogene equatorial Pacific (IODP Expedition 320 Sites U1331-1334). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 32(2): 3-51. gs O

Bown, P. R. (2005d). Palaeogene calcareous nannofossils from the Kilwa and Lindi areas of coastal Tanzania (Tanzania Drilling Project 2003-4). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 27(1): 21-95. gs O

Bybell, L. M. & Self-Trail, J. (1995). Evolutionary, biostratigraphic and taxonomic study of calcareous nanofossils from a continuous Palaeocene-Eocene boundary section in New Jersey. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper. 1554: 1-36. gs O

Garzarella, A. & Raffi, I. (2018). Taxonomy and evolutionary relationships within the calcareous nannofossil genus Ericsonia in the Upper Paleocene. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia. 124(1): 105-126. gs

Müller, C. (1974). Calcareous nannoplankton, Leg 25 (Western Indian Ocean). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 25: 579-633. gs

Müller, C. (1979). Calcareous nannofssils from the North Atlantic (Leg 48). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 48: 589-639. gs

Perch-Nielsen, K. (1971c). Elektronenmikroskopische untersuchungen an Coccolithen und verwandten Formen aus dem Eozan von Danemark. Biologiske Skrifter, Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab. 18(3): 1-76. gs O

Perch-Nielsen, K. (1972). Remarks on Late Cretaceous to Pleistocene coccoliths from the North Atlantic. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 12: 1003-1069. gs

Perch-Nielsen, K. (1985). Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils. In, Bolli, H. M., Saunders, J. B. & Perch-Nielsen, K. (eds) Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 427-555. gs

Perch-Nielsen, K., Sadek, A., Barakat, M. G. & Teleb, F. (1978). Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary Calcareous nannofossil and Planktonic foraminifera zones from Egypt. Actes du VI Colloque Africain de Micropaléontologie - Tunis 1974. Annales des Mines et de la Géologie Tunissienne. 28: 337-403. gs

Pospichal, J. J. & Wise, S. W. (1990). Paleocene to Middle Eocene calcareous nannofossils of ODP sites 689 and 690, Maud Rise, Weddell Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 113: 613-638. gs

Self-Trail, J. (2011). Paleogene Calcareous Nannofossils of the South Dover Bridge core, Southern Maryland (USA). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 32(1): 1-28. gs

Self-Trail, J. M., Powars, D. S., Watkins, D. K. & Wandless, G. A. (2012). Calcareous nannofossil assemblage changes across the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum: Evidence from a shelf setting. Marine Micropaleontology. 92–93: 61-80. gs

Shepherd, C. L. & Kulhanek, D. K. (2016). Eocene nannofossil biostratigraphy of the mid-Waipara River section, Canterbury Basin, New Zealand. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 36(1): 33-59. gs O

Steurbaut, E. (2011). New calcareous nannofossil taxa from the Ypresian (Early Eocene) of the North Sea Basin and the Turan Platform in West Kazakhstan. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique Sciences de la Terre. 81: 247-277. gs

Varol, O. (1989b). Eocene calcareous nannofossils from Sile (northwest Turkey). Revista Española de Micropaleontología. 21: 273-320. gs

Wei, W., Liu, L. & Bukry, D. (1993). Reappraisal of three calcareous nannofossil species: Coccolithus crassus, Toweius magnicrassus, and Toweius callosus. Journal of Micropalaeontology. 12(1): 91-98. gs


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Toweius callosus compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 2-3-2024

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