Chiastozygus litterarius


Classification: ntax_mesozoic -> Eiffellithales -> Chiastozygaceae -> Chiastozygus -> Chiastozygus litterarius
Sister taxa: C. amphipons, C. bifarius, C. litterarius, C. platyrhethus, C. spissus ⟩⟨ C. antiquus, C. garrisonii, C. stylesii, C. trabalis ⟩⟨ C. propagulis, C. quadriperforatus, C. synquadriperforatus, C. tenuis, C. sp.

Distinguishing features: Rim broad unicyclic or diffusely bicyclic; Cross weakly birefringent


Taxonomy:

Citation: Chiastozygus litterarius (Górka, 1957) Manivit, 1971
Rank: Species
Basionym: Discolithus litterarius Górka, 1957
Synonyms:
Taxonomic discussion: This is the single most widely recorded Chiastozygus species (ca 50% of Chiastozygus records in Neptune database) and is probably often used as a default identification for non-descript Chiastozygus specimens

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: D. litterarius * , D. fessus * , C. plicatus * , H. stillatus *

Distinguishing features: Rim broad unicyclic or diffusely bicyclic; Cross weakly birefringent


Morphology: Loxoliths with a relatively broad rim and thick, weakly birefringent cross-bars. Unicyclic or diffusely bicyclic rim image in XPL.

Search data:
TagsLITHS: murolith, elliptical, CA: ca_disjunct, process, diagonal cross, CROSS-POLARS: rim-unicyclic, V-prominent,
MetricsLith size: 5->10µm;
Data source notes: original descriptions & illustrated specimens
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Late Maastrichtian Substage (66.04-69.91Ma, top in Maastrichtian stage). Data source: Bown et al. 1998
First occurrence (base): within Late Barremian Substage (126.30-129.41Ma, base in Barremian stage). Data source: Bown et al. 1998

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

al Rawahi, Z. & Dunkley Jones, T. (2019). Calcareous nannofossil assemblages of the Late Cretaceous Fiqa Formation, north Oman. Journal of Micropalaeontology. 38(1): 25-54. gs V O

Applegate, J. L. & Bergen, J. A. (1988). Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of sediments recovered from the Galicia Margin, ODP Leg 103. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 103: 293-348. gs V O

Bown, P. R. (2001). Calcareous nannofossils of the Gault, Upper Greensand and Glauconitic Marl (Middle Albian-Lower Cenomanian) from the BGS Selborne boreholes, Hampshire. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association. 112: 223-236. gs

Bown, P. R. (2005c). Early to Mid-Cretaceous Calcareous Nannoplankton from the Northwest Pacific Ocean, Leg 198, Shatsky Rise. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 198: 1-82. gs V O

Bown, P. R., Rutledge, D. C., Crux, J. A. & Gallagher, L. T. (1998). Early Cretaceous. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 86-131. gs

Bukry, D. (1969). Upper Cretaceous coccoliths from Texas and Europe. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Articles. 51 (Protista 2): 1-79. gs V O

Burnett, J. A. (1998). Upper Cretaceous. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 132-199. gs V O

Cepek, P. (1978). Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton of the Eastern North Atlantic, Leg 41. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 41: 667-687. gs V O

Covington, J. M. & Wise, S. W. (1987). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of a Lower Cretaceous deep-sea fan complex: Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 93 Site 603, lower continental rise off Cape Hatteras. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 93: 617-660. gs V O

Crux, J. A. (1980). A biostratigraphical study of Upper Cretaceous nannofossils from South-east England and North France. PhD thesis, University College London. -. gs

Gale, A. S., Kennedy, W. J., Burnett, J. A., Caron, M. & Kidd, B. E. (1996). The Late Albian to Early Cenomanian succession at Mont Risou, near Rosans (Drôme, SE France): an integrated study (ammonites, inoceramids, planktonic foraminifera, nannofossils, oxygen and carbon isotopes). Cretaceous Research. 17: 515-606. gs

Gale, A. S. et al. (2011). The uppermost Middle and Upper Albian succession at the Col de Palluel, Hautes-Alpes, France: An integrated study (ammonites, inoceramid bivalves, planktonic foraminifera, nannofossils, geochemistry, stable oxygen and carbon isotopes, cyclostratigraphy). Cretaceous Research. 32: 59-130. gs

Górka, H. (1957). Les Coccolithophoridés du Maestrichtien supérieur de Pologne. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 2: 239-284. gs V O

Lees, J. A. & Bown, P. R. (2005). Upper Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy, ODP Leg 198 (Shatsky Rise, Northwest Pacific Ocean). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 198: 1-60. gs V O

Manivit, H. (1971). Nannofossiles calcaires du Crétacé francais (Aptien-Maestrichtien). Essai de Biozonation appuyée sur les stratotypes. PhD thesis, Université de Paris. -. gs

Mutterlose, J. (1992b). Lower Cretaceous nannofossil biostratigraphy off northwestern Australia (Leg 123). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 123: 343-368. gs V O

Püttmann, T. & Mutterlose, J. (2019). Calcareous nannofossils from a Late Cretaceous nearshore setting. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. S4: 81-88. gs V O

Roth, P. H. & Thierstein, H. R. (1972). Calcareous nannoplankton: Leg 14 of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 12: 546-559. gs V O

Shafik,S. (1979). Validation of Chiastozygus fessus and Reinhardtites biperforatus. INA Newsletter. 1(2): C5-5. gs V O

Sissingh, W. (1977). Biostratigraphy of Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton. Geologie en Mijnbouw. 65(1): 37-65. gs

Stover, L. E. (1966). Cretaceous coccoliths and associated nannofossils from France and the Netherlands. Micropaleontology. 12(2): 133-167. gs

Thibault, N. (2010). Calcareous nannofossils from the boreal Upper Campanian- Maastrichtian chalk of Denmark. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 31(1): 39-56. gs V O

Verbeek, J. W. (1977). Calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy of Middle and Upper Cretaceous deposits in Tunisia, southern Spain and France. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletin. 16: 1-157. gs V O

Wise, S. W. & Wind, F. H. (1977). Mesozoic and Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils recovered by DSDP Leg 36 drilling on the Falkland Plateau, south-west Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 36(269-491): -. gs V O


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Chiastozygus litterarius compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 15-4-2021

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