Helicosphaera carteri

Classification: ntax_cenozoic -> Zygodiscales -> Helicosphaeraceae -> Helicosphaera -> H. carteri group -> Helicosphaera carteri
Sister taxa: H. pavimentum, H. hyalina, H. carteri, H. wallichii, H. princei, H. inversa, H. sellii ⟩⟨ H. ethologa, H. huangii, H. mediterranea, H. minima ⟩⟨ H. intermedia, H. rhomba, H. euphratis, H. leesiae, H. truempyi


Citation: Helicosphaera carteri (Wallich 1877) Kamptner, 1954
Rank: Species
Basionym: Coccosphaera carterii Wallich 1877
Synonyms: H. kamptneri (Hay and Mohler in Hay et al., 1967) Locker, 1973 [Helicopontosphaera]. NB This was an alternative name suggested by Hay et al. (1967) on the grounds that the original description of Coccosphaera carteri was likely to have been based on a completely different coccolithophore. This also lead them to propose Helicopontosphaera as an alternative name for the genus. Jafar & Martini (1975) showed this was incorrect, and so that Helicosphaera carteri was the correct name for the species.
Other synonyms (NB the type illustrations of these taxa are so badly drawn it is impossible to say if they vary significantly from typical H. carteri)

Distinguishing features: Medium to large size, flange ends in wing, two inline pores in central-area.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: C. carterii * , H. kamptneri * , H. burkei * , H. carteri burkei * , H. carteri carteri * , H. acuta * , H. colombiana + * , H. neogranulata + * , H. granulata * , H. paleocarteri * , C. pelagicus diademata * , D. margaritiferus * , D. cristatus *

Cultures: strains of this species are maintained in culture, for details see Roscoff culture collection.

Ecology & Biogeography: A mesotrophic speces, Ziveri et al. (2004)

Biology & life-cycles: HOL - “Syracolithus catilliferus” and “S. confusus” (see Cros et al. 2000, Geisen et al. 2002, 2004).

See also: Helicosphaera HOL - alternate life cylcphase;Helicosphaera ethologa - very similar Oligocene speies;

Search data:
TagsLITHS: placolith, asymmetric, CA: ca_conjunct, bar,
CSPH: elongated, monomorphic, CROSS-POLARS: rim-bicyclic, V-prominent, R-prominent,
MetricsLith size: 7->12µm; Coccosphere size: 15->25µm; Liths per sphere: 16->40
Data source notes: RCC
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Notes: The most common extant and Neogene Helicosphaera species, recorded from the present day to Early Miocene.
Vathi (1998) records occurrences from the Oligocene (Zone NP23) in Albania, these are significantly older than the normal FAD but the results are well documented. de Kaenel & Villa (1998) discussed this and described a discrete H. aff. carteri occuring in this time interval. The species as since been described as H. ethologa Bown 2005
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within NN1 zone (22.82-23.13Ma, base in Chattian stage). Data source: Young 1998

Plot of occurrence data:


Andruleit, H., Rogalla, U. & Staeger, S. (2005). Living coccolithophores recorded during the onset of upwelling conditions off Oman in the western Arabian Sea. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 27(1): 1-14. gs V O

Black, M. (1971c). The systematics of coccoliths in relation to the paleontological record. In, Funnell, B. M. & Riedel, W. R. (eds) The Micropaleontology of the Oceans. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 611-624. gs

Boesiger, T. M., de Kaenel, E., Bergen, J. A., Browning, E. & Blair, S. A. , . (2017). Oligocene to Pleistocene taxonomy and stratigraphy of the genus Helicosphaera and other placolith taxa in the circum North Atlantic Basin. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 37(2-3): 145-175. gs V O

Bown, P. R., Gibbs, S. J., Sheward, R., O’Dea, S. & Higgins, D. (2014). Searching for cells: the potential of fossil coccospheres in coccolithophore research. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 34(special): 5-21. gs V O

Cros, L. & Fortuño, J. -M. (2002). Atlas of northwestern Mediterranean coccolithophores. Scientia Marina. 66: 1-186. gs V O

Cros, L., Kleijne, A., Zeltner, A., Billard, C. & Young, J. R. (2000b). New examples of holococcolith-heterococcolith combination coccospheres and their implications for coccolithophorid biology. In, Young, J. R., Thierstein, H. R. & Winter, A. (eds) Nannoplankton ecology and palaeocology, Proceedings of the INA7 conference, Puerto Rico, February 2002. Marine Micropaleontology. 39(1-4): 1-34. gs

de Kaenel, E. & Villa, G. (1996). Oligocene-Miocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoeecology from the Iberian Abyssal Plain. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 149: 79-145. gs V O

de Kaenel, E. & Villa, G. (1998). Helicosphaera carteri: a further note on its stratigraphical occurrence. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 20(2): 105-106. gs V O

Gardet, M. (1955). Contribution à l'étude des coccolithes des terrains néogènes de l'Algérie. Publications du Service de la Carte Géologique de l'Algérie (Nouvelle Série). 5: 477-550. gs

Gartner, S. (1977). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and revised zonation of the Pleistocene. Marine Micropaleontology. 2: 1-25. gs

Haq, B. U. & Berggren, W. A. (1978). Late Neogene calcareous plankton biochronology of the Rio Grande Rise (South Atlantic Ocean). Journal of Paleontology. 52: 1167-1194. gs

Haq, B. U. (1973). Evolutionary trends in the Cenozoic coccolithophore genus Helicopontosphaera. Micropaleontology. 19(1): 32-52. gs

Hay, W. W., Mohler, H. P., Roth, P. H., Schmidt, R. R. & Boudreaux, J. E. (1967). Calcareous nannoplankton zonation of the Cenozoic of the Gulf Coast and Caribbean-Antillean area, and transoceanic correlation. Transactions of the Gulf-Coast Association of Geological Societies. 17: 428-480. gs V O

Jafar, S. A. & Martini, E. (1975). On the validity of the calcareous nannoplankton genus Helicosphaera. Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 56: 381-397. gs

Konno, S. & Jordan, R. W. (2006). Lagoon coccolithophorids from the Republic of Palau, NW Equatorial Pacific. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 28(2): 95-110. gs V O

Locker, S. (1973). Coccolithineen aus dem Paläogen Mitteleuropas. Paläobotanik. 3: 735-836. gs

Müller, C. (1974b). Calcareous nannoplankton, Leg 25 (Western Indian Ocean). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 25: 579-633. gs V O

Perch-Nielsen, K. (1972b). Remarks on Late Cretaceous to Pleistocene coccoliths from the North Atlantic. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 12: 1003-1069. gs V O

Perch-Nielsen, K. (1977a). Albian to Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils from the Western South Atlantic, DSDP Leg 39. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 39: 699-823. gs V O

Theodoridis, S. (1984). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Miocene and revision of the helicoliths and discoasters. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletin. 32: 1-271. gs V O

Vathi, K. (1998). A note on the first occurrence of Helicosphaera carteri in the Early Oligocene (NP23, Sphenolithus predistentus zone). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 20(1): 39-43. gs V O

Wallich, G. C. (1877). Observations on the coccosphere. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 19: 342-350. gs V O

Winter, A., Reiss, Z. & Luz, B. (1979). Distribution of living coccolithophore assemblages in the Gulf of Elat ('Aqaba). Marine Micropaleontology. 4: 197-223. gs

Wise, S. W. & Wind, F. H. (1977). Mesozoic and Cenozoic calcareous nannofossils recovered by DSDP Leg 36 drilling on the Falkland Plateau, south-west Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 36(269-491): -. gs V O

Young, J. R. (1998). Neogene. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 225-265. gs V O

Young, J. R., Geisen, M., Cros, L., Kleijne, A., Probert, I. & Ostergaard, J. B. (2003). A guide to extant coccolithophore taxonomy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, Special Issue. 1: 1-132. gs V O


Helicosphaera carteri compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 20-4-2021

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