Nannotax3 - ntax_non_cocco - Chrysochromulina vexillifera

Chrysochromulina vexillifera

Classification: ntax_non_cocco -> Haptophytes -> Prymnesiales -> Chrysochromulinaceae -> Chrysochromulina -> affinity not established -> Chrysochromulina vexillifera
Sister taxa: C. adriatica, C. ahrengotii, C. alifera, C. ephippium, C. pyramidosa ⟩⟨ C. cyathophora, C. megacylindra, C. microcylindra, C. pachycylindra ⟩⟨ C. apheles, C. discophora, C. elegans, C. lanceolata, C. latilepis, C. novae-zelandiae, C. orbiculata, C. pelagica, C. pontica, C. pseudolanceolata, C. quadrikonta, C. tenuispina, C. tenuisquama, C. vexillifera ⟩⟨ C. breviturrita, C. inornamenta, C. laurentiana


Citation: Chrysochromulina vexillifera Manton and Oates 1983
Rank: Species
Basionym: Chrysochromulina vexillifera Manton and Oates 1983

Catalog entries: Chrysochromulina vexillifera

Original description: Protoplast c. 8 x 6 μm, with twoplastids; the flagella (two) c. 20 μn and the haptonema longer. Scale-case with 14 terminal spines at each end. Spines not exceeding 15 μm and often less, each tapered, pointed and supported at the base by four struts adnate to the surface of a strongly convex and flexible base- plate somewhat smaller than the outer plate-scales elsewhere on the periplast. Outer plate-scales flat, approaching 2 μm diam. though usually a little less, the contour round or elliptical, with a narrow thickened margin projecting slightly on the distal face, the latter also carrying four cruciform adnate ridges resembling vestigial struts no longer supporting a central spine and usually arranged obliquely in a configuration recalling St Andrews cross on the flag of Scotland. The distal surface between struts completely covered by fine threads radiating towards the centre in bundles initiated near the scale edge; patterning on the obverse (proximal) face the usual arrangement of radiating ridges in quadrants. An underlayer of numerous small oval plates also present close to the plasmalemma, each 0.5 x 0.8 μm with a narrow raised rim and faint surface patterning of radial ridges on the proximal face but virtually patternless on the distal face.

Type images:



Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant. Data source:
First occurrence (base): within No known fossil record modern (0.00-0.00Ma, base in "Holocene" stage). Data source:


Manton, I. & Oates, K. (1983a). Nanoplankton from the Galapagos Islands: Chrysochromulina vexillifera sp. nov. (Haptophyceae = Prymnesiophyceae), a species with semivestigial body spines. Botanica Marina. 16: 517-525. gs


Chrysochromulina vexillifera compiled by Jeremy R. Young viewed: 27-9-2022

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