Cruciplacolithus neohelis

Classification: ntax_cenozoic -> Coccolithales -> Coccolithaceae -> Cruciplacolithus -> Cruciplacolithus neohelis
Sister taxa: C. neohelis, C. kanungoi ⟩⟨ C. cruciformis, C. flavius, C. klausii, C. nishii, C. tarquinius ⟩⟨ C. asymmetricus, C. edwardsii, C. frequens ⟩⟨ C. intermedius, C. primus, C. subrotundus, C. tenuis ⟩⟨ C. filigranus, C. inseadus, C. latipons, C. sp.


Citation: Cruciplacolithus neohelis (McIntyre & Bé 1967) Reinhardt, 1972
Rank: Species
Basionym: Coccolithus neohelis McIntyre & Bé 1967
Taxonomic discussion: Two generic assignments have been used for this species; Cruciplacolithus on the basic of central area morphology, with the implication that it is directly descended from this Palaeogene genus; or Coccolithus, with the implication that it is an unrelated homoeomorph of the Palaeogene genus descended from Coccolithus pelagicus. Molecular genetic data (Sáez et al., 2004, Medlin et al. 2008) indicates a deep divergence from Coccolithus and so supports assignment to Cruciplacolithus.

Distinguishing features: Small modern species, very similar to C. primus

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: C. neohelis *

Morphology: Neritic species rarely found in oceanic samples. Coccoliths small (2.2-3.2 µm) with cross in central-area, and a few additional laths on baseplate (see Fresnel 1986). Coccospheres 7.5-9 µm.

Cultures: strains of this species are maintained in culture, for details see Roscoff culture collection.

Ecology & Biogeography: Neritic species, most records from nearshore environment. The original description was from the open ocean, but near land (Bermuda Time series Station)

Biology & life-cycles: Cytology described by West (1969) and Fresnel (1986). Widely maintained in culture but life-cycle transition has not been observed. Motile cells occasionally occur (Fresnel 1986), but these still have hetrococcoliths. Old cells in the stationary phase may produce multiple layers of coccoliths (Fresnel 1986). 

Search data:
TagsLITHS: placolith, elliptical, CA: cross-axial, grill,
CSPH: equant, monomorphic, CROSS-POLARS: rim-bicyclic, V-prominent, R-prominent,
MetricsLith size: 2->3.5µm; Coccosphere size: 7->10µm; Liths per sphere: 35->65
Data source notes: RCC
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Notes: No definite fossil records
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: present in the plankton (Young et al. 2003)
First occurrence (base): within Danian Stage (61.61-66.04Ma, base in Danian stage). Data source: [JRY rough estimate]

Plot of occurrence data:


Fresnel, J. (1986). Nouvelles observations sur une Coccolithacée rare: Cruciplacolithus neohelis (McIntyre et Bé) Reinhardt (Prymnesiophyceae). Protistologica. 22(2): 193-204. gs V O

Konno, S. & Jordan, R. W. (2006). Lagoon coccolithophorids from the Republic of Palau, NW Equatorial Pacific. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 28(2): 95-110. gs V O

McIntyre, A. & Bé, A. W. H. (1967a). Coccolithus neohelis sp. n. a coccolith fossil type in contemporary seas. Deep-Sea Research. 14: 369-371. gs

Reinhardt, P. (1972). Coccolithen. Kalkiges Plankton seit Jahrmillionen. A. Ziemsen Verlag, . 1-99. gs

West, J. A. (1969). Observations on four rare marine microalgae from Hawaii. Phycologia. 8(3-4): 187-192. gs

Young, J. R., Geisen, M., Cros, L., Kleijne, A., Probert, I. & Ostergaard, J. B. (2003). A guide to extant coccolithophore taxonomy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, Special Issue. 1: 1-132. gs V O


Cruciplacolithus neohelis compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 28-2-2021

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