Eoconusphaeraceae


Classification: ntax_mesozoic -> Nannoliths inc sedis -> Eoconusphaeraceae
Sister taxa: Goniolithaceae, Eoconusphaeraceae, Lapideacassaceae, Microrhabdulaceae, Nannoliths inc sed - radiate multielement, Nannoliths inc sed - other

Distinguishing features: Nannoliths with a truncated-cone-like morphology constructed from an outer rim of thin, elements joined along vertical sutures, and an inner core of numerous radial lamellae that may protrude distally.


Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)Granddaughter taxa
Conusphaera
Tapering nannoliths with steeply sloping rim and central area filled with a core of radially arranged elements. Most commonly seen in side view. The rim elements are joined along vertical sutures (protolith-rim-like).

Eoconusphaera
Tall tapering nannoliths with steeply sloping rim and central area filled with a mass of radially arranged elements. LM image shows relatively uniformily birefringent core with axial extinction line.

Taxonomy:

Citation: Eoconusphaeraceae Kristan-Tollmann, 1988
Rank: Family

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Eoconusphaeraceae [no catalog entry yet]

Distinguishing features: Nannoliths with a truncated-cone-like morphology constructed from an outer rim of thin, elements joined along vertical sutures, and an inner core of numerous radial lamellae that may protrude distally.


Morphology: The two included Jurassic genera (Eoconusphaera, Conusphaera, plus arguably Calcivascularis) have non-concurrent stratigraphic ranges but very closely comparable morphologies and biogeographies (Bown and Cooper, 1989). Kristan-Tollmann 1988 also inlcuded Calcivascularis jansae, which greatly reduces the stratigraphic gap.  The taxonomic validity of this grouping is thus uncertain. These forms may prove to be modified heterococcoliths.
Both Conusphaera and Eoconusphaera have an outer rim of vetical laths arranged tangetil to the surface without imbrication or overlap. The core of the nannolith in both cases is formed of steeply dipping radially-arranged laths, these show clockwise imbrication in Eoconusphaera and anti-clockwise imbrication in Conusphaera, as noted by Moshkovitz (1982). Moreover in C. mexicana the radial laths appear to be oraginsed in two concntric subsets whist in E. zlmbachensis they are organised in 7 or 8 radial wedges, as noted by Posch & Stradner (1987)

Search data:
TagsLITHS:
MetricsLith size: 0->0µm;
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

See also: Calcivascularis - possibly related genus currently classified in the Parhabdolithaceae;

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): in lower part of Aptian Stage (25% up, 123Ma, in Aptian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): in mid part of Norian Stage (50% up, 218.9Ma, in Norian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Bown, P. R. & Cooper, M. K. E. (1989a). Conical nannofossils in the Mesozoic. In, Crux, J. A. & van Heck, S. E. (eds) Nannofossils and their applications: Proceedings of the 2nd INA Conference, London 1987. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 98-106. gs

Bown, P. R. (1998b). Triassic. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 29-33. gs

Bown, P. R., Rutledge, D. C., Crux, J. A. & Gallagher, L. T. (1998). Early Cretaceous. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 86-131. gs

Kristan-Tollmann, E. (1988b). Coccolithen aus den Älteren Allgäuschichten (Alpiner Lias, Sinemur) von Timor, Indonesien. Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck. 15: 71-83. gs V O

Moshkovitz, S. (1982). On the findings of a new calcareous nannofossil (Conusphaera zlambachensis) and other calcareous organisms in the Upper Triassic sediments of Austria. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae. 75: 611-619. gs V O

Posch, F. & Stradner, H. (1987). Report on Triassic nannoliths from Austria. Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt. 39: 231-237. gs V O


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Eoconusphaeraceae compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 23-4-2021

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Short stable page link: https://mikrotax.org/Nannotax3/index.php?id=10430 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes



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