Pontosphaera pygmaea


Classification: ntax_cenozoic -> Zygodiscales -> Pontosphaeraceae -> Pontosphaera -> Pontosphaera pygmaea
Sister taxa: << < P. wechesensis, P. fimbriata, P. brinkhuisii, P. hollisii, P. romansii ⟩⟨ P. japonica, P. plana, P. rimosa ⟩⟨ P. pectinata, P. wilsonii, P. punctosa, P. clinosulcata, P. perforomarginata, P. pulcheroides, P. pulchra, P. pygmaea ⟩⟨ P. ocellata, P. duocava, P. exilis, P. pax ⟩⟨ P. obliquipons, T. omarians ⟩⟨ P. sp.

Taxonomy:

Citation: Pontosphaera pygmaea (Locker, 1967) Bystricka & Lehotayova, 1974
Rank: Species
Basionym: Discolithina pygmaea Locker, 1967
Synonyms: NB The epithet zigzag has been more widely used and is more descriptive but pygmaea has priority.

Distinguishing features: Small Pontosphaera with proximal grill and narrow transverse bar, usually with a distinct kink.

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: D. pygmaea * , T. zigzag *


Morphology: Small pores can be present on the basal plate and faint scalloping of the rim is present in some specimens (Self-Trail 2011)

Search data:
TagsLITHS: murolith, elliptical, CA: ca_conjunct, pores, bar, CROSS-POLARS: rim-bicyclic, V-prominent, R-prominent,
MetricsLith size: 4->7µm;
Data source notes: lith size from ODs & illustrated specimens
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Notes:

Reported as ranging from the middle Eocene (e.g. Self-Trail, 2011) to Oligocene but is often most conspicuous across the Eocene/Oligocene transition. [Bown & Newsam 2017]


Last occurrence (top): within Oligocene Epoch (23.03-33.89Ma, top in Chattian stage). Data source: type-description
First occurrence (base): within NP12 zone (50.50-53.70Ma, base in Ypresian stage). Data source: Self-Trail 2011 (corrected by pers. comm. in the publication range was misquoted as NP14-16)

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Aubry, M-P. (1986a). Palaeogene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of northwestern Europe. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology. 55: 267-334. gs

Aubry, M. -P. (1990). Handbook of Cenozoic calcareous nannoplankton. Book 4: Heliolithae (Helicoliths, Cribriliths, Lopadoliths and others). Micropaleontology Press, American Museum of Natural History, New York. 1-381. gs

Bown, P. R. & Newsam, C. (2017). Calcareous nannofossils from the Eocene North Atlantic Ocean (IODP Expedition 342 Sites U1403–1411). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 37(1): 25-60. gs V O

Hay, W. W., Mohler, H. P., Roth, P. H., Schmidt, R. R. & Boudreaux, J. E. (1967). Calcareous nannoplankton zonation of the Cenozoic of the Gulf Coast and Caribbean-Antillean area, and transoceanic correlation. Transactions of the Gulf-Coast Association of Geological Societies. 17: 428-480. gs V O

Locker, S. (1967c). Neue, statigraphisch wichtige Coccolithophoriden (Flagellata aus dem norddeutschen Altetiar). Monatsberichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 9(9-10): 758-769. gs

Perch-Nielsen, K. (1984b). Validation of new combinations. INA Newsletter. 6(1): 42-46. gs V O

Self-Trail, J. (2011). Paleogene Calcareous Nannofossils of the South Dover Bridge core, Southern Maryland (USA). Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 32(1): 1-28. gs V O

Shepherd, C. L. & Kulhanek, D. K. (2016). Eocene nannofossil biostratigraphy of the mid-Waipara River section, Canterbury Basin, New Zealand. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 26(1): 33-59. gs V O

Varol, O. (1998). Palaeogene. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series. 200-224. gs


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Pontosphaera pygmaea compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 20-4-2021

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Short stable page link: https://mikrotax.org/Nannotax3/index.php?id=1094 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes



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