Nannotax3 - ntax_mesozoic - Quadrum gartneri

Quadrum gartneri


Classification: ntax_mesozoic -> Braarudosphaerales -> Polycyclolithaceae -> Quadrum -> Quadrum gartneri
Sister taxa: Q. gartneri, Q. svabenickae, Q. bengalensis ⟩⟨ Q. intermedium, Q. eptabrachium, Q. octobrachium, Q. eneabrachium, Q. giganteum, Q. sp.

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (Quadrum): Stellate to cubiform nannoliths with walls formed from two cycles of 4-9 elements and no central opening or diaphragm. When cubiform, the elements are joined along sutures that go out to the mid-point of the 'cube' edges.
This taxon: Cubiform Quadrum with four wall-cycle elements.


Taxonomy:

Citation: Quadrum gartneri Prins & Perch-Nielsen in Manivit et al., 1977
Rank: Species

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: Q. gartneri *

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (Quadrum): Stellate to cubiform nannoliths with walls formed from two cycles of 4-9 elements and no central opening or diaphragm. When cubiform, the elements are joined along sutures that go out to the mid-point of the 'cube' edges.
This taxon: Cubiform Quadrum with four wall-cycle elements.


Morphology:

Readily distinguished from Micula both by simpler morphology and by showing the opposite crystalographic orientation (c-axes tangential rather than radial).

Size:


Ecology & Biogeography


Biology & life-cycles

Phylogenetic relations

Search data:
LITHS: nannolith-radiate, quadrate, CA: closed, CROSS-POLARS: T-prominent,
Lith size: 3->6µm; Segments: 4->4;
Data source notes: illustrated specimens
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

See also: Uniplanarius gothicus - very similar, possibly a synonym;

Geological Range:
Notes: In some areas FO is higher, in UC11a (Burnett 1998)
Last occurrence (top): within Maastrichtian Stage (66.04-72.05Ma, top in Maastrichtian stage). Data source: Burnett 1998
First occurrence (base): at base of UC7 zone (0% up, 93.6Ma, in Turonian stage). Data source: Burnett 1998 (zonal marker), fig.6.3

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Bralower, T. J. & Bergen, J. A. (1998). Cenomanian-Santonian calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of a transect of cores drilled across the Western Interior Seaway. In, Dean, W. E. & Arthur, M. A. (eds) Stratigraphy and paleoenvironments of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway. SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology . -. gs

Burnett, J. A. (1998). Upper Cretaceous. In, Bown, P. R. (ed.) Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publication Series . 132-199. gs O

Crux, J. A. (1980). A biostratigraphical study of Upper Cretaceous nannofossils from South-east England and North France. PhD thesis, University College London. -. gs

Hardas, P. & Mutterlose, J. (2006). Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary interval of ODP Leg 207 at the Demerara Rise. Revue de Micropaléontologie. 49(3): 165-179. gs

Linnert, C., Mutterlose, J. & Erbacher, J. (2010). Calcareous nannofossils of the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary interval from the Boreal Realm (Wunstorf, northwest Germany). Marine Micropaleontology. 74: 38-58. gs

Manivit, H., Perch-Nielsen, K., Prins, B. & Verbeek, J. W. (1977). Mid Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. B80(3): 169-181. gs

Püttmann, T. & Mutterlose, J. (2019). Calcareous nannofossils from a Late Cretaceous nearshore setting. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. S4: 81-88. gs V O

Püttmann, T., Linnert, C., Dölling, B. & Mutterlose, J. (2018). Deciphering Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian to Campanian) coastline dynamics in the southwestern Münsterland (northwest Germany) by using calcareous nannofossils: Eustasy vs local tectonics,. Cretaceous Research. 87: 174-184. gs

Varol, O. (1992b). Taxonomic revision of the Polycyclolithaceae and its contribution to Cretaceous biostratigraphy. Newsletters on Stratigraphy. 27(93-127): -. gs

Watkins, D. K. (1992). Upper Cretaceous nannofossils from Leg 120, Kergeulen Plateau, Southern Ocean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 120: 343-370. gs V O


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Quadrum gartneri compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 8-12-2022

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