|Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)|
BCs tube simple; distal surface flat, slightly recessed below top of tube; numerous hexagonal/star-shaped pores; central boss.
CFCs zygoliths, open tube spanned by robust bridge, with low pointed leaf.
|Syracosphaera histrica HOL|
BCs tube about 9 crystallites high, no flange; distal surface flat; hexagonal mesh fabric to tube and distal cover.
CFCs vaulted with flat hexagonal mesh plates sloping towards centre from each end. Between these plates an irregular area of parallel strings of crystallites occurs.
|Syracosphaera mediterranea HOL gracillima type|
BCs tube flaring, no flange, hexagonal mesh fabric; distal cover flat, hexagonal mesh fabric without larger pores; discontinuous rim formed from two rows of crystallites; boss, prominent, slightly off-centre, with irregular fabric.
CFCs with arched distal surface rather than a clear bridge.
|Syracosphaera mediterranea HOL hellenica type|
BCs with concentric structure and central boss; tube wall with hexagonal crystallite fabric, a row of perforations above base and a variable number of extra perforations.
CFCs with boss elevated into spine-like structure with three buttresses
|Syracosphaera mediterranea HOL marisrubri type|
BCs open tubes with internal septae defining 6-10 pores. CFCs more elevated.
|Syracosphaera mediterranea HOL wettsteinii type|
Similar to C. multipora but only 4-6, irregular, pores on distal surface.
CFCs with bridge elevated into spine-like structure, sometimes with three buttresses
Parent taxon (flat-topped): Holococcoliths with tube, covered distally by a flat cover
This taxon: Dimorphic - usually cavate
BCs with flat distal cover with or without openings; central boss
CFCs; with irregular bridge or distal cover arched upwards
Farinacci & Howe catalog pages:
Biology & life-cycles: Three of these coccosphere types are now known to form associations with Coronosphaera mediterranea, this suggests that C. mediterranea may actually be a group of closely related species which can be separaed in the holococcolith stage but not in the heterococcolith tage (Geisen et al. 2002).
See also: Coronosphaera mediterranea ;Search data:
|Metrics||Lith size: 0->0µm;|
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): at base of Gelasian Stage (0% up, 2.6Ma, in Piacenzian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
Plot of occurrence data:
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