Nannotax3 - ntax_cenozoic - S. mediterranea HOL type

S. mediterranea HOL type

Classification: ntax_cenozoic -> Holococcoliths -> flat-topped -> S. mediterranea HOL type
Sister taxa: Calyptrosphaera -flat, Helicosphaera HOL, Poricalyptra, S. mediterranea HOL type, Zygosphaera

Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)
Calyptrolithina multipora
BCs tube simple; distal surface flat, slightly recessed below top of tube; numerous hexagonal/star-shaped pores; central boss.
CFCs zygoliths, open tube spanned by robust bridge, with low pointed leaf.
Syracosphaera histrica HOL
BCs tube about 9 crystallites high, no flange; distal surface flat; hexagonal mesh fabric to tube and distal cover.
CFCs vaulted with flat hexagonal mesh plates sloping towards centre from each end. Between these plates an irregular area of parallel strings of crystallites occurs.
Syracosphaera mediterranea HOL gracillima type
BCs tube flaring, no flange, hexagonal mesh fabric; distal cover flat, hexagonal mesh fabric without larger pores; discontinuous rim formed from two rows of crystallites; boss, prominent, slightly off-centre, with irregular fabric.
CFCs with arched distal surface rather than a clear bridge.
Syracosphaera mediterranea HOL hellenica type
BCs with concentric structure and central boss; tube wall with hexagonal crystallite fabric, a row of perforations above base and a variable number of extra perforations.
CFCs with boss elevated into spine-like structure with three buttresses
Syracosphaera mediterranea HOL marisrubri type
BCs open tubes with internal septae defining 6-10 pores. CFCs more elevated.
Syracosphaera mediterranea HOL wettsteinii type
Similar to C. multipora but only 4-6, irregular, pores on distal surface.
CFCs with bridge elevated into spine-like structure, sometimes with three buttresses


Citation: Coronosphaera HOL type, sensu Young et al., 2003
Rank: species group

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (flat-topped): Holococcoliths with tube, covered distally by a flat cover
This taxon: Dimorphic - usually cavate
BCs with flat distal cover with or without openings; central boss
CFCs; with irregular bridge or distal cover arched upwards

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages:

Biology & life-cycles: Three of these coccosphere types are now known to form associations with Coronosphaera mediterranea, this suggests that C. mediterranea may actually be a group of closely related species which can be separaed in the holococcolith stage but not in the heterococcolith tage (Geisen et al. 2002).

See also: Coronosphaera mediterranea ;

Search data:
MetricsLith size: 0->0µm;
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): at base of Gelasian Stage (0% up, 2.6Ma, in Piacenzian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:


Young, J. R., Geisen, M., Cros, L., Kleijne, A., Probert, I. & Ostergaard, J. B. (2003). A guide to extant coccolithophore taxonomy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, Special Issue. 1: 1-132. gs V O


S. mediterranea HOL type compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 8-12-2021

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Short stable page link: Go to to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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