Sphenolithus puniceus

Classification: ntax_cenozoic -> Discoasterales -> Sphenolithaceae -> Sphenolithus -> S. moriformis group -> Sphenolithus puniceus
Sister taxa: S. abies, S. apoxis, S. bipedis, S. neoabies, S. moriformis, S. puniceus, S. grandis ⟩⟨ S. acervus, S. primus


Citation: Sphenolithus puniceus Bergen & de Kaenel, in Bergen et al. 2017
Rank: Species
Taxonomic discussion: Very large moriformis-like sphenoliths are a sporadic but distinctive component of Early Miocene sphenolith assemblages. Separating them as S. puniceus seems worthwhile [JRY my obs 2018]

Distinguishing features: Hemispherical, like S. moriformis but larger (7-11 µm) and therefore more birefringent

Farinacci & Howe catalog pages: S. puniceus *


Medium to large, hemispherical sphenolith with a compound apical spine. The species is distinguished by its very high birefringence - exhibiting first order blue to red interference colors at its core in both plan and lateral view. [Bergen et al. 2017]. 

Search data:
TagsLITHS: nannolith-radiate, circular, cylindrical, CROSS-POLARS: R-prominent,
MetricsLith size: 7->11µm;
The morphological data given here can be used on the advanced search page. See also these notes

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within NN4 zone (14.91-17.95Ma, top in Langhian stage). Data source: Bergen et al. 2017
First occurrence (base): within NP19-20 zone (34.44-36.97Ma, base in Priabonian stage). Data source: Bergen et al. 2017

Plot of occurrence data:


Bergen, J. A., de Kaenel, E., Blair, S. A., Boesiger, T. M. & Browning, E. (2017). Oligocene-Pliocene taxonomy and stratigraphy of the genus Sphenolithus in the circum North Atlantic Basin: Gulf of Mexico and ODP Leg 154. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 37(2-3): 77-112. gs V O


Sphenolithus puniceus compiled by Jeremy R. Young, Paul R. Bown, Jacqueline A. Lees viewed: 15-5-2021

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Short stable page link: https://mikrotax.org/Nannotax3/index.php?id=1649 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes

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