Nannotax3 - ntax_non_cocco - Chrysochromulina camella Nannotax3 - ntax_non_cocco - Chrysochromulina camella

Chrysochromulina camella

Classification: ntax_non_cocco -> Haptophytes -> Prymnesiales -> Chrysochromulinaceae -> Chrysochromulina -> definite Chrysochromulina -> Chrysochromulina camella
Sister taxa: C. acantha, C. andersonii, C. camella, C. campanulifera, C. cymbium, C. leadbeateri, C. parva, C. rotalis, C. scutellum, C. simplex, C. strobilus, C. throndsenii


Citation: Chrysochromulina camella Leadbeater and Manton 1969
taxonomic rank: Species
Basionym: Chrysochromulina camella Leadbeater and Manton 1969

Catalog entries: Chrysochromulina camella

Original description: Cells usually saddle shaped approximately 14 µm long - 16 µm wide with two pale golden brown chloroplasts arranged laterally in relation to the curved flanges of the saddle, pyrenoids not projecting. Appendages arising close together from the concave surface near one end; two equal flagella c. 25 µm in length; the haptonema containing 6 microtubules internally, c.160 µm long when extended, coiled into a helix of 25--35 gyres c. 1-1.5 µm in diameter when retracted. Cells covered in mucilage and with two layers of superficial scales, the outer scales cup shaped, the under scales flat. The cup scales more massive than in C. strobilus and larger each scale 0.2 µm wide x 0.25 µm deep, the outer surface of the bowl with four superposed rows of small rectangular perforations near the forward margin. Plate scales oval with a thickened margin and a sparse pattern of ridges radiating from a cruciform plane centre, an additional hand of dense material passing across the striations about midway between the centre and the margin; dimensions of the plate scales: 0.2 µm x 0.3 µm. Swimming movements rapid with pronounced gyration. Other features as in C. strobilus

Type images:

Cultures: Strains of this species are maintained in culture, for details see Roscoff Culture Collection.

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant. Data source:
First occurrence (base): within No known fossil record modern (0.00-0.00Ma, base in "Holocene" stage). Data source:


Edvardsen, B., Eikrem, W., Throndsen, J., Sáez, A. G., Probert, I. & Medlin, L. K. (2011). Ribosomal DNA phylogenies and a morphological revision provide the basis for a revised taxonomy of the Prymnesiales (Haptophyta). European Journal of Phycology. 46(3): 202-228. gs

Leadbeater, B. S. C. & Manton, I. (1969). Chrysochromulina camella sp. nov. and C. cymbium sp. nov., two new relatives of C. strobilus Parke and Manton. Archiv für Mikrobiologie. 68: 116-132. gs

Yuasa, T., Kawachi, M., Horiguchi, T. & Takahashi,O (2019). Chrysochromulina andersonii sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new flagellate haptophyte symbiotic with radiolarians. Phycologia. 58(2): 211-224. gs


Chrysochromulina camella compiled by Jeremy R. Young viewed: 16-6-2024

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