pforams@mikrotax - Candeina nitida pforams@mikrotax - Candeina nitida

Candeina nitida


Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Candeinidae -> Candeina -> Candeina nitida
Sister taxa: C. nitida, C. sp.

Taxonomy

Citation: Candeina nitida d’Orbigny, 1839
taxonomic rank: species
Basionym: Candeina nitida d’Orbigny, 1839
Variants:

Catalog entries: Candeina nitida, Candeina nitida praenitida, Candeina milletti

Type images:

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (Candeina): Sutural apertures:
This taxon: monospecific

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.

Description


Morphology:
Test medium, relatively high trochospiral, chambers globular to hemispherical, increasing regularly in size. The final whorl consists of three chambers, sutures radial to curved, depressed; surface smooth, microperforate with extremely fine perforations distributed irregularly (PI. 57, Fig. 8). Primary aperture not visible in the adult; numerous small, rounded secondary apertures, bordered by a rim, almost completely surround the later chambers. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Wall type:

Size:
>250µm

Character matrix
test outline:Ovatechamber arrangement:Trochospiraledge view:Equally biconvexaperture:Multiple
sp chamber shape:Globularcoiling axis:Moderate-highperiphery:N/Aaperture border:Thin lip
umb chbr shape:Globularumbilicus:Absentperiph margin shape:Broadly roundedaccessory apertures:Sutural
spiral sutures:Moderately depressedumb depth:N/Awall texture:Smoothshell porosity:Microperforate: <1µm
umbilical or test sutures:Moderately depressedfinal-whorl chambers:3-3 N.B. These characters are used for advanced search. N/A - not applicable

Biogeography and Palaeobiology


Similar species

C. nitida is easily distinguished by its microperforate, trochoid test with sutural supplementary apertures completely surrounding the later chambers. [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

Geographic distribution
Tropical to subtropical [Kennett & Srinivasan 1983]

In modern oceans a common, warm water, species [SCOR WG138]

Map of distribution from ForCenS database

Phylogenetic relations
Molecular genotypes recognised (data from PFR2 database, June 2017), one genotype only from 18 sequences. References: Ujiié & Lipps 2009.

Most likely ancestor: Globigerinita parkerae - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, fig 25.

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant. Data source: present in the plankton (SCOR WG138)
First occurrence (base): within N17b zone (5.72-6.60Ma, base in Messinian stage). Data source: Chaisson & Pearson (1997)

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, p.229

References:

d'Orbigny, A. (1839a). Foraminiferes. In, de la Sagra, R. (ed.) Histoire physique et naturelle de l'Ile de Cuba. A. Bertrand, Paris, France 1-224. gs

Kennett, J. P. & Srinivasan, M. S. (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. 1-265. gs

Lam, A. & Leckie, R. M. (2020a). Late Neogene and Quaternary diversity and taxonomy of subtropical to temperate planktic foraminifera across the Kuroshio Current Extension, northwest Pacific Ocean. Micropaleontology. 66(3): 177-268. gs

Loeblich, A. & Tappan, H. (1994). Foraminifera of the Sahul shelf and Timor Sea. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication. 31: 1-661. gs O

Meilland, J., Cornuault, P., Morard, Raphaël, Brummer, Geert-J. A. & Kucera, M. (2022). Identification guide to extant planktonic foraminifera. Part 1: Family Candeinidae and genera Berggrenia, Bolivina, Dentigloborotalia, and Neogallitellia. ICES Identification Leaflets for Plankton. 196: 1-22. gs

Norris, R. D. (1998). Planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy: Eastern Equatorial Atlantic. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 159: 445-479. gs O

Postuma, J. A. (1971). Manual of planktonic foraminifera. Elsevier for Shell Group, The Hague. 1-406. gs

Siccha, M. & Kucera, M. (2017). ForCenS, a curated database of planktonic foraminifera census counts in marine surface sediment samples. Scientific Data. 4(1): 1-12. gs

Ujiié, Y. & Lipps, J. H. (2009). Cryptic diversity in planktonic foraminifera in the northwest Pacific ocean. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 39: 145-154. gs


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Candeina nitida compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 2-3-2024

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