pforams@mikrotax - Globigerinitidae pforams@mikrotax - Globigerinitidae


Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Globigerinitidae
Sister taxa: Globigerinidae, Globorotaliidae, Hantkeninidae, Truncorotaloididae, Globanomalinidae, Genera incertae sedis ⟩⟨ Hastigerinidae ⟩⟨ Globigerinitidae, Candeinidae ⟩⟨ Guembelitrioidea, Benthic origins, hidden
Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)Granddaughter taxa
monolamellar wall covered with randomly scattered short, blunt to hispid pustules
Dipsidripella liqianyui
Dipsidripella danvillensis
Dipsidripella sp.

globular test, final chamber embraces the earlier spiral part; numerous areal and supplementary apertures
Globigerinatella insueta
Globigerinatella sp.

Umbilical aperture, often bulla:
Globigerinita glutinata
Globigerinita minuta
Globigerinita uvula
Globigerinita sp.

Like Tenuitella but larger and usually with umbilical tooth plate and/or supplementary apertures
Mutabella mirabilis
Mutabella sp.

Minute to small, low trochospiral test, with globular chambers. Monolamellar, microperforate wall with a smooth or finely pustulate surface.
Tenuitella clemenciae
Tenuitella angustiumbilicata
Tenuitella munda
Tenuitella gemma
Tenuitella praegemma
Tenuitella patefacta
Tenuitella insolita
Tenuitella sp.


Tenuitellita iota
Tenuitellita fleisheri
Tenuitellita parkerae


Citation: Globigerinitidae Bermúdez, 1961, revised Li, 1987; Pearson&Wade, 2009
taxonomic rank: Family
Type species: Globigerinita Brönnimann, 1951
Taxonomic discussion: Bermúdez’s (1961) original concept of this family was based on the globigeriniform test morphology and presence of an umbilical bulla. As such, it united various macro- and microperforate genera with convergent morphology that are now considered unrelated. The modern concept of the family has its roots in the work of Parker (1962) (for which see discussion below under Genus Globigerinita). The distinctive microperforate wall texture of Globigerinita (named in Chapter 15, this volume, as the glutinata-type wall) was first described in detail by Fleisher (1974) who also described the same wall in his new genus Tenuitella. Following earlier observations by Jenkins (1965), Fleisher suggested that the more globigeriniform genus Globigerinita had evolved from the more globorotaliform Tenuitella via intermediate forms. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Banner (1982) and Loeblich and Tappan (1984) united Tenuitella and Globigerinita within the Subfamily Globigerinitinae in Family Cassigerinellidae (type genus Cassigerinella). Huber and others (2006) also included Eocene Tenuitella in the Cassigerinellidae. However, as discussed by Pearson and Wade (2009), Chapter 15 (this volume), and Chapter 18 (this volume), we now reject the suggestion that Cassigerinella is closely related to Tenuitella or any other of the Globigerinitidae. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Li (1987) employed the Family Globigerinitidae in a similar sense to that used here, uniting Globigerinita and Tenuitella and a species (‘Tenuitella sp.’) that was later to be included in the genus Mutabella (Pearson and others, 2001), while excluding Cassigerinella. Li and others (1992) implicitly included Globigerinatella in the same group as Globigerinita and Tenuitella because of its microperforate wall. The similarity of the wall texture of Globigerinatella and Mutabella to other Globigerinitidae was confirmed by Pearson and Wade (2009). [Pearson et al. 2018]

BouDagher-Fadel (2012a:146) erected the Family Tenuitellidae to include Tenuitella and Praetenuitella. In our work these genera are considered part of the Globigerinitidae because they share a common wall texture. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Catalog entries: Globigerinitidae, Tenuitellidae

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (pf_cenozoic): This is a polyphyletic grouping including all Cenozoic planktonic foraminifera
This taxon: Microperforate

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.


Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant. Data source: Total of ranges of the species in this database
First occurrence (base): within E9 zone (43.23-43.85Ma, base in Lutetian stage). Data source: Total of ranges of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Pearson et al. 2018 Globigerinitidae p.432


Berggren, W. A., Olsson, R. K. & Premoli Silva, I. (2006a). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy and phylogenetic affinities of Eocene Astrorotalia, Igorina, Planorotalites, and Problematica (Praemurica? lozanoi). In, Pearson, P. N., Olsson, R. K., Hemleben, C., Huber, B. T. & Berggren, W. A. (eds) Atlas of Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication . 41(Chap 12): 377-400. gs

BouDagher-Fadel, M. K. (2012). Biostratigraphic and Geological Significance of Planktonic Foraminifera (1st Edition). Elsevier., . 1-319. gs

Fleisher, R. L. (1974a). Cenozoic planktonic foraminifera and biostratigraphy, Arabian Sea, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 23A. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 23: 1001-1072. gs O

Jenkins, D. G. (1966b). Planktonic foraminiferal zones and new taxa from the Danian to lower Miocene of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 8 [1965](6): 1088-1126. gs

Parker, F. L. (1962). Planktonic foraminiferal species in Pacific sediments. Micropaleontology. 8(2): 219-254. gs

Pearson, P. N., Wade, B. S. & Huber, B. T. (2018c). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny of Oligocene Globigerinitidae (Dipsidripella, Globigerinita, and Tenuitella). In, Wade, B. S., Olsson, R. K., Pearson, P. N., Huber, B. T. & Berggren, W. A. (eds) Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication . 46(Chap 16): 429-458. gs O


Globigerinitidae compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 16-6-2024

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