Globigerinella praesiphonifera

Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Globigerinidae -> Globigerinella -> Globigerinella praesiphonifera
Sister taxa: G. adamsi, G. calida, G. radians, G. siphonifera ⟩⟨ G. clavaticamerata, G. molinae, G. navazuelensis, G. obesa, G. praesiphonifera, G. pseudobesa, G. roeglina ⟩⟨ G. megaperta, G. wagneri, G. sp.


Citation: Globigerinella praesiphonifera (Blow, 1969)
Rank: species
Basionym: Hastigerina (Hastigerina) siphonifera praesiphonifera Blow, 1969
Taxonomic discussion:

As mentioned above with respect to Globigerinella obesa, it is now clear that praesiphonifera has a bulloides-type wall and is not related to Hastigerina, as was originally suggested by Blow (1969) based on the Hastigerina-like near-planispiral coiling in obesa. Blow (1969) described Globigerinella praesiphonifera as having an initial trochospiral whorl of chambers with the last three chambers having a planispiral position and equatorial aperture. Oligocene populations of Globigerinella praesiphonifera are morphologically very similar to Blow’s species from the lower middle Miocene, except that the final chambers do not become fully planispiral. As noted by Spezzaferri (1994), the specimens reported by Kennett and Srinivasan (1983) (pl. 60, figs. 1-3) are considered transitional to G. obesa because the test is trochospirally coiled throughout. [Spezzaferri et al. 2018]

Catalog entries: Hastigerina (Hastigerina) siphonifera praesiphonifera

Type images:

Distinguishing features: Like obesa but looser coiling and 5 slowly enlarging chambers in final whorl;

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.


Wall type: Spinose, spines are supported by spine collars which coalesce to form ridges. Pore concentrations average 90-100 pores/50 μm2 test surface area and pore diameters average 1.7 μm. [Spezzaferri et al. 2018]

Morphology: Test low trochospiral consisting of 3 whorls, lobulate in outline, chambers globular; in spiral view 5 globular, slightly embracing chambers in ultimate whorl, increasing moderately in size, ultimate chamber may be reduced in size, sutures moderately depressed, straight, occasionally a small to very large secondary opening occurs at the spiral suture of the ultimate chamber; in umbilical view 5 globular, slightly embracing chambers, increasing moderately in size, ultimate chamber may be reduced in size, sutures moderately depressed, straight, umbilicus small, open, enclosed by surrounding chambers, aperture a low arch, umbilical-extraumbilical extending onto the peripheral edge, bordered by an imperforate rim; in edge view chambers globular in shape, slightly embracing. [Spezzaferri et al. 2018]

Size: Maximum diameter of holotype given as 0.62 mm. [Spezzaferri et al. 2018]

Character matrix

test outline:Lobatechamber arrangement:Pseudoplanispiraledge view:Concavo-convexaperture:Umbilical-extraumbilical
sp chamber shape:Globularcoiling axis:Very lowperiphery:N/Aaperture border:Thin lip
umb chbr shape:Globularumbilicus:Wideperiph margin shape:Broadly roundedaccessory apertures:None
spiral sutures:Strongly depressedumb depth:Deepwall texture:Cancellateshell porosity:Macroperforate: >2.5µm
umbilical or test sutures:Strongly depressedfinal-whorl chambers:5.0-5.0 N.B. These characters are used for advanced search. N/A - not applicable

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Geographic distribution: Identified in low to middle latitudes. [Spezzaferri et al. 2018]

Isotope paleobiology: Pearson and others (1997) found that the δ18O of G. praesiphonifera generally records values intermediate between shallow- and deep-water taxa. However its δ13C is considerably more negative than that of Dentoglobigerina venezuelana (see Chapter 11, this volume). They interpret the carbon isotope offset as a probable vital effect. [Spezzaferri et al. 2018]

Phylogenetic relations: Globigerinella praesiphonifera evolved from Globigerinella obesa (Bolli) in early Oligocene Zone O4 and gave rise to G. siphonifera in the early middle Miocene. [Spezzaferri et al. 2018]

Most likely ancestor: Globigerinella obesa - at confidence level 4 (out of 5). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, fig. 26; Spezzaferri et al. 2018.
Likely descendants: Globigerinella navazuelensis; Globigerinella siphonifera;

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Notes: Forms transitional from G. obesa have been reported from Zone O4 with more typical morphologies from Zone O6/O7 (P22 in Spezzaferri, 1994). [Spezzaferri et al. 2018]
Last occurrence (top): within N13 zone (11.63-11.79Ma, top in Serravallian stage). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983
First occurrence (base): within O4 zone (28.09-29.18Ma, base in Rupelian stage). Data source: Spezzaferri et al. 2018

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Spezzaferri et al. 2018 - Olig Atlas chap.6 p.200; Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, p.238


Aze, T. et al. (2011). A phylogeny of Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic foraminifera from fossil data. Biological Reviews. 86: 900-927. gs

Blow, W. H. (1969). Late middle Eocene to Recent planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy. In, Bronnimann, P. & Renz, H. H. (eds) Proceedings of the First International Conference on Planktonic Microfossils, Geneva, 1967. E J Brill, Leiden 380-381. gs

Bolli, H. M. & Saunders, J. B. (1985). Oligocene to Holocene low latitude planktic foraminifera. In, Bolli, H. M., Saunders, J. B. & Perch-Neilsen, K. (eds) Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK 155-262. gs

Fox, L. R. & Wade, B. S. (2013). Systematic taxonomy of early–middle Miocene planktonic foraminifera from the equatorial Pacific Ocean: Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Site U1338. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 43: 374-405. gs

Kennett, J. P. & Srinivasan, M. S. (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. 1-265. gs

Norris, R. D. (1998). Planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy: Eastern Equatorial Atlantic. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 159: 445-479. gs V O

Pearson, P. N. & Shackleton, N. J. (1995). Neogene multispecies planktonic foraminifer stable isotope record, Site 871, Limalok Guyot. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 144: 401-410. gs V O

Pearson, P. N., Shackleton, N. J., Weedon, G. P. & Hall, M. A. (1997b). Multispecies planktonic foraminifer stable isotope stratigraphy through Oligocene/Miocene boundary climatic cycles, Site 926. 154, 441-450. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 154: 441-450. gs

Pearson, P. N. et al. (2001a). Warm tropical sea surface temperatures in the Late Cretaceous and Eocene epochs. Nature. 413: 481-487. gs

Spezzaferri, S. & Premoli Silva, I. (1991). Oligocene planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and paleoclimatic interpretation from Hole 538A, DSDP Leg 77, Gulf of Mexico. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology. 83: 217-263. gs

Spezzaferri, S. (1994). Planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and taxonomy of the Oligocene and lower Miocene in the oceanic record. An overview. Palaeontographia Italica. 81: 1-187. gs

Spezzaferri, S., Coxall, H. K., Olsson, R. K. & Hemleben, C. (2018a). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny of Oligocene Globigerina, Globigerinella, and Quiltyella n. gen. In, Wade, B. S., Olsson, R. K., Pearson, P. N., Huber, B. T. & Berggren, W. A. (eds) Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication. 46(Chap 6): 179-214. gs V O


Globigerinella praesiphonifera compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 15-5-2021

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