pforams@mikrotax - Globigerinita minuta pforams@mikrotax - Globigerinita minuta

Globigerinita minuta

Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Globigerinitidae -> Globigerinita -> Globigerinita minuta
Sister taxa: G. glutinata, G. minuta, G. uvula, G. sp.

3D models from The Foraminarium, hosted on sketchfab


Citation: Globigerinita minuta (Natland, 1938)
taxonomic rank: species
Basionym: Globigerinoides minuta
Taxonomic discussion: An SEM of the holotype [see below] confirms that it is microperforate and less trochospiral than in the illustration by Natland (1938). This is consistent with the observations by Parker (1962), who synonymized G. minuta with G. uvula but noted the lower spire in the holotype of G. minuta, referring to specimens on her plate 8, figs. 24–26, which we indeed consider consistent with G. minuta. Despite the overall similarity with G. uvula, the species is genetically distinct and this distinction appears to be associated with moderately high-spired specimens bearing a characteristic highly arched aperture and showing a different ontogenetic trajectory (Brummer, 1988a; Morard et al., 2019b), consistent with the concept of Saito et al. (1981) and Schiebel and Hemleben (2017). [Brummer & Kucera 2022]

Catalog entries: Globigerinoides minuta

Type images:

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (Globigerinita): Umbilical aperture, often bulla:
This taxon: High trochospire, compact shell outline

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.



Coiling direction (in extant population): mixed


Character matrix
test outline:Lobatechamber arrangement:Trochospiraledge view:Equally biconvexaperture:Umbilical
sp chamber shape:Globularcoiling axis:Highperiphery:N/Aaperture border:Thin lip
umb chbr shape:Globularumbilicus:Narrowperiph margin shape:Broadly roundedaccessory apertures:Sutural
spiral sutures:Weakly depressedumb depth:Deepwall texture:Finely pustuloseshell porosity:Microperforate: <1µm
umbilical or test sutures:Moderately depressedfinal-whorl chambers:3-4 N.B. These characters are used for advanced search. N/A - not applicable

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Geographic distribution

In modern oceans a common, cold water, species [SCOR WG138]

Map of distribution from ForCenS database

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant. Data source: present in the plankton (SCOR WG138)
First occurrence (base): within No known fossil record modern (0.00-0.00Ma, base in "Holocene" stage). Data source:

Plot of occurrence data:


Brummer, G-J. A. & Kucera, M. (2022). Taxonomic review of living planktonic foraminifera. Journal of Micropalaeontology. 41: 29-74. gs

Brummer, G. J. A. (1988a). Comparative ontogeny of modern microperforate planktonic foraminifers. In, Brummer, G. J. A. and Kroon, D. (ed.) Planktonic foraminifers as tracers of ocean-climate history. Free University Press, Amsterdam, 77-129. gs

Meilland, J., Cornuault, P., Morard, Raphaël, Brummer, Geert-J. A. & Kucera, M. (2022). Identification guide to extant planktonic foraminifera. Part 1: Family Candeinidae and genera Berggrenia, Bolivina, Dentigloborotalia, and Neogallitellia. ICES Identification Leaflets for Plankton. 196: 1-22. gs

Morard, R., Vollmar, N. M., Greco, M. & Kucera, M (2019b). Unassigned diversity of planktonic foraminifera from environmental sequencing revealed as known but neglected species. PLoS One. 14: 1-18. gs

Parker, F. L. (1962). Planktonic foraminiferal species in Pacific sediments. Micropaleontology. 8(2): 219-254. gs

Saito, T., Thompson, P. R. & Breger, D. (1981). Systematic Index of Recent and Pleistocene Planktonic Foraminifera. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo. 1-190. gs

Schiebel, R. & Hemleben, C. (2017). Planktic Foraminifers in the Modern Ocean. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. 1-358. gs

Siccha, M. & Kucera, M. (2017). ForCenS, a curated database of planktonic foraminifera census counts in marine surface sediment samples. Scientific Data. 4(1): 1-12. gs


Globigerinita minuta compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 20-4-2024

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Comments (2)


Globigerinita minuta and some other species as Tenuitella iota, Berggrenia pumilio, Dentigloborotalia anfracta, Globorotalia cavernula, Globigerinita minuta, and Globorotalia ungulata are expressed as taxonomically obscure species in Yasuhara et al. 2020. Do you have any objections about it?

Jeremy Young(UK)

Hi - Yasuhara et al (2020) say these are "small, rare, and/or taxonomically obscure species", so they remove them from their analysis. It is often sensible to do this for some types of work however that does not mean that the species are not real, just that we know so little about them it is not useful to include them in some kinds of work. On the other hand I am assured that the SCOR working gorp on planktonic foraminifera will publish there synthesis of extant planktic foram taxonomy shortly. They will discuss all these species and I guess may eliminate some. That work is lead by Michal kucera and Geert-Jan Brummer, MK is one of the authors on Yasuhara et al. (2020) so the taxonomy is quite well co-ordinated.

cheers Jeremy Young