pforams@mikrotax - Globigerinita pforams@mikrotax - Globigerinita


Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Globigerinitidae -> Globigerinita
Sister taxa: Dipsidripella, Globigerinatella, Globigerinita, Mutabella, Tenuitella, Tenuitellita
Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)
Globigerinita glutinata
Low trochospire
Globigerinita minuta
High trochospire, compact shell outline
Globigerinita uvula
High trochospire, lobate shell outline
Globigerinita sp.


Citation: Globigerinita Brönnimann, 1951
taxonomic rank: genus
Type species: Globigerinita naparimaensis Brönnimann, 1951 [now regarded as a junior synonym of G. glutinata]
Taxonomic discussion: Brönnimann’s (1951) original concept of Globigerinita and Family Globigerinitidae was based on the presence of an umbilical bulla with multiple infralaminal openings (see also Bolli and others, 1957:37). This included his species Globigerinita naparimaensis along with other macroperforate forms such as Catapsydrax that are now regarded as unrelated. The genus Globigerinita was used in this sense (essentially a form-genus) by several workers including Brönnimann and Resig (1971) and Blow (1979). However Parker (1962:252-253) drew attention to the distinctive wall texture of Globigerinita, which she described as “smooth, or finely hispid, and nonspinose”. Parker took the bold step of uniting in the genus Brönnimann’s (1951) Globigerinita naparimaensis with Bolli’s (1957) Globigerina juvenilis, and two modern species that had been described in the nineteenth century, Globigerina glutinata Egger, 1893 and Pylodexia uvula Ehrenberg, 1861. She also described a new species from Holocene sediments, Globigerinita iota (now placed in the closely related genus Tenuitella). She clearly stated her opinion that Globigerinita constitutes a separate group from the other planktonic foraminifera and was of uncertain family affiliation (‘Incertae Familiae’) possibly “developed independently from some other ancestry” (Parker, 1962:244). Fleisher (1974:1021-1022) used high quality SEM images to illustrate and describe the microperforate wall and followed Parker in suggesting that the genus should be restricted to forms with this distinctive wall texture. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Loeblich and Tappan (1957) distinguished what they regarded as forms with a ‘true’ bulla from forms with a final chamber (that may have multiple openings) positioned over the umbilicus. They revised their concept of Globigerinita to include forms with an encroaching final chamber and erected a new genus and species, Tinophodella ambitacrena, for what they regarded as ‘truly’ bullate forms, using one of Brönnimann’s paratypes of Globigerinita naparimaensis to typify their genus and species. We do not follow the distinction between ‘true’ bullae and encroaching final chambers, hence we regard Tinophodella as a synonym of Globigerinita (see also Parker, 1962:246). [Pearson et al. 2018]

Catalog entries: Globigerinita, Tinophodella

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (Globigerinitidae): Microperforate
This taxon: Umbilical aperture, often bulla:

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.


Wall type:

See under Globigerinita glutinata.


Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Geographic distribution


Phylogenetic relations
Genus evolved from Tenuitella in the lower Oligocene (Jenkins, 1965) and is extant. [Pearson et al. 2018]

Most likely ancestor: Tenuitella - at confidence level 3 (out of 5). Data source: Kennett & Srinivasan 1983; Pearson et al. 2018.
Likely descendants: Candeina; Globigerinatella; Mutabella; plot with descendants

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Notes: Lower Oligocene to Recent.
Last occurrence (top): Extant. Data source: Total of ranges of the species in this database
First occurrence (base): within O2 zone (30.28-32.10Ma, base in Rupelian stage). Data source: Total of ranges of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Pearson et al. 2018 - Olig Atlas chap.16 p.436; Kennett & Srinivasan 1983, p.223


Bolli, H. M. (1957b). Planktonic foraminifera from the Oligocene-Miocene Cipero and Lengua formations of Trinidad, B.W.I. In, Loeblich, A. R. , Jr., Tappan, H., Beckmann, J. P., Bolli, H. M., Montanaro Gallitelli & E. Troelsen, J. C. (eds) Studies in Foraminifera. U.S. National Museum Bulletin . 215: 97-123. gs

Bolli, H. M., Loeblich, A. R. & Tappan, H. (1957). Planktonic foraminiferal families Hantkeninidae, Orbulinidae, Globorotaliidae and Globotruncanidae. In, Loeblich, A. R. , Jr., Tappan, H., Beckmann, J. P., Bolli, H. M., Montanaro Gallitelli, E. & Troelsen, J. C. (eds) Studies in Foraminifera. U.S. National Museum Bulletin . 215: 3-50. gs

Brönnimann, P. & Resig, J. (1971). A Neogene globigerinacean biochronologic time-scale of the southwestern Pacific. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 7(2): 1235-1469. gs O

Brönnimann, P. (1951a). Globigerinita naparimaensis n. gen., n. sp., from the Miocene of Trinidad, B. W. I. Contributions from the Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research. 2(1): 16-18. gs

Egger, J. G. (1893). Foraminiferen aus Meeresgrundproben, gelothet von 1874 bis 1876 von S. M. Sch. Gazelle. Abhandlungen der königlichen bayerischen Akademie Wissenschaften zu München. 18(2): 195-457. gs

Ehrenberg, C. G. (1862). Elemente des tiefen Meeresgrundes in Mexikanischen Golfstrome bei Florida: Ober die Tiefgrund-Verhaltnisse des Oceans am Eingange der Davisstrasse und bei Island. Monatsberichte der Koniglichen Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 1861: 222-240-275-315. gs

Fleisher, R. L. (1974a). Cenozoic planktonic foraminifera and biostratigraphy, Arabian Sea, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 23A. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 23: 1001-1072. gs O

Jenkins, D. G. (1966b). Planktonic foraminiferal zones and new taxa from the Danian to lower Miocene of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 8 [1965](6): 1088-1126. gs

Kennett, J. P. & Srinivasan, M. S. (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. 1-265. gs

Loeblich, A. R. & Tappan, H. (1957c). The new planktonic foraminiferal genus Tinophodella, and an emendation of Globigerinita Bronnimann. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 47(4): 112-116. gs

Parker, F. L. (1962). Planktonic foraminiferal species in Pacific sediments. Micropaleontology. 8(2): 219-254. gs

Pearson, P. N., Wade, B. S. & Huber, B. T. (2018c). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny of Oligocene Globigerinitidae (Dipsidripella, Globigerinita, and Tenuitella). In, Wade, B. S., Olsson, R. K., Pearson, P. N., Huber, B. T. & Berggren, W. A. (eds) Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication . 46(Chap 16): 429-458. gs O


Globigerinita compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 16-4-2024

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Comments (2)

Francisco Parra(Chad)

DATA ON Globigerinita naparimaensis IS NOT SHOWN

Jeremy Young(UK)

Dear Francisco Parra

Thank you for pointing that out - it is really useful to have these comments. The explanation is that G. naparimaensis is regarded as junior synonym of G. glutinata so does not appear in the list of sister species. I will make that a clearer on the page. In general though if you are looking for information on a particular species it is always worth doing a search on its name, that should take you to the different pages where it is discussed.

best wishes

Jeremy Young