CATALOG OF ORIGINAL DESCRIPTIONS: Heterohelix fayose Petters 1983

This page provides data from the catalog of type descriptions. The catalog is sorted alphabetically. Use the current identification link to go back to the main database.


Higher levels: pf_cat -> H -> Heterohelix -> Heterohelix fayose
Other pages this level: H. (Chiloguembelina) pseudotessera directa, H. (Heterohelix) planeobtusa, H. dentata, H. fayose, H. ivandeklaszi, H. labellosa, H. navarroensis, H. nkporoensis, H. olssoni, H. orientalis, H. pachymarginata, H. pseudoglobulosa, H. pseudoreussi, H. robusta, H. rumseyensis, H. sphenoides, H. stenopos, H. striata aegyptiaca, H. suwalkensis, H. varsoviensis, H. virgata, H. vistulaensis

Heterohelix fayose

Citation: Heterohelix fayose Petters 1983
Rank: Species
Type locality: Roadcut on the Enugu-Port Harcourt expressway, 47 km from the old Umuahia road-expressway junction towards Enugu; nigeria
Type age (chronostrat): Lower Turonian
Type sample (& lithostrat): Nkalagu Formation
Type specimens: holotype (U.S.N.M. 328698) and paratype (U.S.N.M. 328699)
Type repository: Washington; USNM

Linked specimens: USNM-328699 USNM-328698

Current identification/main database link: Planoheterohelix globulosa (Ehrenberg, 1840)


Original Description
Test small, biserial, narrow, elongate and gradually flaring. Periphery narrow and rounded; lobulate outline. Five to seven pairs of low, interlocking chambers, except the last two pairs which are reniform and elongate in the direction of growth. Sutures slightly oblique, wide and depressed. Aperture a broad arch, almost reaching the middle of the apertural face, bordered by a short lip. Wall calcareous, smooth to finely costate.

Size: Length of holotype 0.26 mm, maximum width 0.12 mm.

Etymology: After Professor E. A. Fayose, first Nigerian micropaleontologist.

Extra details from original publication
Remarks. Variation among H. fayose affects the number of cham­bers, the degree of reniform chamber development, test compression, and wall ornamentation. Heterohelix fayose is similar to H. pulchra (Brotzen), but the latter has a wider test, more pronounced reniform and interlocking cham­bers, and a smooth wall. The initial part of the test of Lunatriella spinifera is very similar to H. fayose, and gradational forms occur between both species. Heterohelix fayose and the initial part of the test of L. spinifera show strong similarity to H. moremani and sug­gest descent from the latter with H. fayose as the intermediate stage. This lineage has a stratigraphic basis in view of the fact that Het­erohelix moremani ranges from Cenomanian to Turonian in North America (Pessagno, 1967; Petters, 1977), while H. fayose and L. spinifera are early Turonian with H. fayose starting lower at the type locality than L. spinifera.

The suggested phylogenetic status of H. fayose modifies that of Eicher and Worstell (1970). Eicher and Worstell proposed the evo­lution of L. spinifera from H. pulchra. However, H. pulchra has a Campanian-Maastrichtian range in the U.S. Gulf Coast (Pessagno, 1967), a Santonian-early Maastrichtian range in New Jersey (Petters, 1977), and a Coniacian-Maastrichtian range in Europe (Peryt, 1980). In view of the unusually low occurrence of H. pulchra in the U.S. midcontinent (early Turonian), Eicher and Worstell (1970, p. 296) remarked that the specimens they identified as H. pulchra "may belong to a different lineage." Indeed, this is the case, and these forms are here included in H. fayose and placed in the H. moremani­-H. fayose-L. spinifera lineage.

References:

Petters, S. W. (1983). Gulf of Guinea planktonic foraminiferal biochronology and geological history of the South Atlantic. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 13(1): 32-59. gs


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Heterohelix fayose compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 16-4-2021

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