pforams@mikrotax - Pseudoglobigerinella pforams@mikrotax - Pseudoglobigerinella


Classification: pf_cenozoic -> Globigerinidae -> Pseudoglobigerinella
Sister taxa: Beella, Globigerina, Globigerinella, Protentella, Quiltyella ⟩⟨ Ciperoella, Globigerinoides, Globigerinoidesella, Globoturborotalita, Orbulina, Praeorbulina, Sphaeroidinella, Sphaeroidinellopsis, Trilobatus, Turborotalita ⟩⟨ Dentoglobigerina, Globoquadrina ⟩⟨ Catapsydrax, Clavatorella, Paragloborotalia, Protentelloides ⟩⟨ Eoglobigerina, Globigerinatheka, Globorotaloides, Guembelitrioides, Orbulinoides, Parasubbotina, Pseudoglobigerinella, Subbotina
Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)
Pseudoglobigerinella bolivariana
Test compact, nearly involute, globular; aperture asymmetrical equatorial; Clavigerinella-type reticulate wall texture and thickened crust.
Pseudoglobigerinella sp.
Specimens which cannot be assigned to established species


Citation: Pseudoglobigerinella Olsson&Pearson 2006
taxonomic rank: Genus
Type species: Globigerina wilsoni bolivariana Petters, 1954.
Taxonomic discussion: The inflated, involute test of Pseudoglobigerinella bolivariana, which becomes planispiral in the final whorl, is unlike any other Paleogene species. Its homeomorphy (in terms of gross morphology) with the Neogene species Hastigerina (Hastigerina) siphonifera ( =Globigerinella siphonifera) led Blow (1979) to questionably place it in Hastigerina although he recognized that future study might provide criteria whereby bolivariana could be placed in a new genus. In fact, the wall textures of bolivariana and siphonifera are quite different from one another (see Olsson and Hemleben, this volume). Globigerinella siphonifera has a bulloides-type wall, and seems to have shared a common ancestor with Globigerina in the upper Oligocene. Pseudoglobigerinella bolivariana, on the other hand, has a highly porous, reticulate Clavigerinella-type wall that develops a thickened crust. Furthermore, there is no known phylogenetic linkage between the two species; bolivariana is unknown in levels above the middle Eocene, whereas siphonifera evolved from G. praesiphonifera in the upper Miocene.
Hillebrandt (1976) first proposed that “Subbotina inaequispira” (= Parasubbotina inaequispira) was the ancestral species to Pseudohastigerina globulosa Hillebrandt ( =Pseudoglobigerinella bolivariana). Blow (1979) also regarded inaequispira as the ancestral species of the lineage, leading to bolivariana through Globorotalia (Turborotalia) griffinae Blow ( =Parasubbotina griffinae). Both Blow (1979) and Toumarkine and Luterbacher (1985) made the interesting observation that inaequispira also gave rise to the Clavigerinella lineage at about the same time (i.e., Biochron E7). The high porosity, reticulate, Clavigerinella-type wall texture of both Clavigerinella and Pseudoglobigerinella n. gen. is shared with P. inaequispira, in which it apparently first developed. [Olsson et al. 2006]

Catalog entries: Pseudoglobigerinella

Distinguishing features:
Parent taxon (Globigerinidae): Wall spinose, usually with 3½-6 globular chambers in final whorl, trochospiral or planispiral
This taxon: Inflated, nearly involute, globular test, asymmetrical equatorial aperture; wall reticulate, Clavigerinella-type wall texture. May show uncoiling.

NB These concise distinguishing features statements are used in the tables of daughter-taxa to act as quick summaries of the differences between e.g. species of one genus.
They are being edited as the site is developed and comments on them are especially welcome.


Globular, nearly involute, asymmetrically planispiral in adult stage (juvenile stage
very low trochospiral), slightly lobulate in outline, chambers globular; 4-5 globular, embracing chambers in final whorl, increasing rapidly in size, ultimate chamber much inflated, sutures moderately depressed, straight, umbilicus small and often covered by ultimate chamber; in edge view chambers globular in shape, slightly embracing, aperture asymmetrically equatorial, varying from a low arch to a high distinctive arch, bordered by an imperforate rim and sometimes by a narrow lip that broadens on both sides towards the center of the coil.
Size: Maximum diameter of type species 0.52 mm, thickness 0.40 mm.
ETYMOLOGY.— Named for its resemblance to modern Globigerinella.
[Olsson et al. 2006]

Wall type:
Normal perforate, spinose, high porosity, reticulate, Clavigerinella-type wall structure, covered by a thick crust in adult stage. [Olsson et al. 2006]

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Most likely ancestor: Parasubbotina - at confidence level 0 (out of 5). Data source: .

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): at top of E10 zone (100% up, 41.9Ma, in Lutetian stage). Data source: Total of ranges of the species in this database
First occurrence (base): within E7 zone (45.72-50.20Ma, base in Ypresian stage). Data source: Total of ranges of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

Primary source for this page: Olsson et al. 2006 - Eocene Atlas, chap. 5, p. 105


Blow, W. H. (1979). The Cainozoic Globigerinida: A study of the morphology, taxonomy, evolutionary relationships and stratigraphical distribution of some Globigerinida (mainly Globigerinacea). E. J. Brill, Leiden. 2: 1-1413. gs

Hillebrandt, A. , von (1976). Los foraminiferos planctonicos, nummulitidos y coccolitoforidos de la zona de Globorotalia palmerae del Cuisiense (Eoceno inferior) en el SE de Espana, (Provincias de Murcia y Alicante. Revista Española de Micropaleontología. 8(3): 323-394. gs O

Olsson, R. K., Pearson, P. N. & Huber, B. T. (2006c). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy, and phylogeny of Eocene Catapsydrax, Globorotaloides, Guembelitrioides, Paragloborotalia, Parasubbotina, and Pseudoglobigerinella n. gen. In, Pearson, P. N., Olsson, R. K., Hemleben, C., Huber, B. T. & Berggren, W. A. (eds) Atlas of Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication . 41(Chap 5): 67-110. gs O

Petters, V. (1954). Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous foraminifera from Colombia, S. A. Contributions from the Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research. 5(1): 37-41. gs


Pseudoglobigerinella compiled by the pforams@mikrotax project team viewed: 24-7-2024

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