This part of the site aims to provide an authoritative guide to the biodiversity and taxonomy of Cenozoic planktonic foraminifera, a group of microscopic protists whose shells can be found in ocean sediments today and whose fossil record extends into the Jurassic Period (~170 million years ago). Their accurate identification is key to determining sediment age, reconstructing past climate and ocean conditions and past extinction and speciation events. This is especially so in the Cenozoic where planktonic foramnifera have played fundamental roles in both establishing the basic stratigraphy and in developing paleoceanography as a key modern science. This database is intended as both a working tool for specialists and an accessible reference source for anyone looking for information on planktonic foraminifera.
There are special problems with constructing a database of Neogene planktonic foraminifera, since this fauna has not been systematically revised for a long time. This is in contrast to the Paleogene where working groups have produced definitive syntheses of taxonomy for the Paleocene (Olsson et al. 1999), Eocene (Pearson et al. 2006) and Oligocene (Wade et al. 2018). Since the Neogene was constructed from diverse sources, and was liable to be substantially revised, we decided to develop it initially as a separate module from the rest of the Cenozoic, with a first working version going live in late 2016. The site was developed and reviewed through 2017 and early 2018. Later in 2018 the Oligocene Atlas was published and content from it was then be incorporated into this website and the Neogene module will be merged into the main Cenozoic database.
Aze, T.; Ezard, T.H.G.; Purvis, A.; Coxall, H.K.; Stewart, D.R.M.; Wade, B.S. & Pearson, P.N.P., (2011). A phylogeny of Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic foraminifera from fossil data. Biological Reviews, 86: 900-927.
Bolli, H.M. & Saunders, J.B., (1985). Oligocene to Holocene low latitude planktic foraminifera. In: Bolli, H.M., Saunders, J.B. and Perch-Neilsen, K. (Editors), Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 155-262.
Brummer, G.J.A. & Kucera, M., (2014). SCOR/ICBP 138 taxonomy and key to species of modern planktonic foraminfera v2.1. Chart distributed at TMS FNG meeting Texel, The Netherlands, June 2014: 1.
Brummer, G.J.A. & Kucera, M., (2015). Taxonomy of extant planktonic foraminifera, SCOR/IGBP WG138; August 2015. In: Spero, H. and Kucera, M. (Editors), SCOR/IGBP Working Group 138: Planktonic Foraminifera and Ocean Changes. Final Workshop & Short Course on Culturing Planktonic Foraminifera, California, pp. 8.
Kennett, J.P. & Srinivasan, M.S. (Editors), (1983). Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co., Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, 1-265 pp.
Olsson, R.K.; Hemleben, C.; Berggren, W.A. & Huber, B.T., (1999). Atlas of Paleocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1-252 pp.
Pearson, P.N.; Olsson, R.K.; Hemleben, C.; Huber, B.T. & Berggren, W.A. (Editors), (2006). Atlas of Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera, Cushman Foundation Special Publication. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas.
Postuma, J. (1971). Manual of planktonic foraminifera. Shell Group, The Hague. 406p.
Resig, J.M., (1989). Stratigraphic distribution of late Neogene species of the planktonic foraminifer Streptochilus in the Indo-Pacific. Micropaleontology, 35(49-62).
Smart, C.W. & Thomas, E., (2007). Emendation of the genus Streptochilus Brönnimann and Resig 1971 (Foraminifera) and new species from the lower Miocene of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Micropaleontology, 53(1-2): 73-103, 3 figures, 13 plates, 1 table.
Spezzaferri, S. & others, (2015). Fossil and genetic evidence for the polyphyletic nature of the planktonic foraminifera "Globigerinoides", and description of the new genus Trilobatus. PLOS one: 1-20.
Wade, B. S. , Olsson, R. K. , Pearson, P. N. , Huber, B. T. & Berggren, W. A. (eds) 2018a. Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication 46: 1-524.