radiolaria - rads_cenozoic - Botryopera


Classification: rads_cenozoic -> Cannobotryidae -> Cannobotryidae inc sed -> Botryopera
Sister taxa: Acrobotrys, Botryopera, Saccospyris
Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)
Botryopera boldyrae

neptune records:
Botryopera chlamida

neptune records:
Botryopera oceanica

neptune records:
Botryopera pseudoantarctissa

neptune records: 3
Botryopera triloba

neptune records: 102
Botryopera sp.

neptune records: 5


Citation: Botryopera Haeckel 1887
Rank: genus
Basionym: Botryopera

Catalog entries: Botryopera

Original description: Cannobotryiada without tubes on the cephalis.

The genus Botryopera is the simplest form among the Botryodea, the shell consisting of a lobate cephalis only, without tubes or radial appendages. It may be derived either from Dictyospyris or from Archicapsa by development of the horizontal fold in the frontal face of the shell, and the corresponding internal frontal septum, which separates the larger occipital lobe from the smaller facial half; the latter may be divided again into paired frontal lobes, lateral buccal lobes, &c. Botryopera may be the common ancestral form of many Botryodea.
Remarks on original description: [Campbell [1954, p.D143] considers Botryopera Haeckel, 1887a to be an objective synonym of Lithobotrys Ehrenberg, 1844a. He designates Lithobotrys quadriloba Ehrenberg, 1844a as the type species of Lithobotrys and only by inference of Botryopera. Therefore, we consider Chediya's designation [1959, p.185] of B. cyrtoloba Haeckel, 1887a, p.1108, pl.96, fig.1, x500 to be valid.

Synonymized with Botryopyle Haeckel, by Popofsky, 1913, p.318]


Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): at top of Piacenzian Stage (100% up, 2.6Ma, in Piacenzian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): at base of Danian Stage (0% up, 66Ma, in Danian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:


Haeckel, E (1887). Report on the Radiolaria collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the year 1873-1876, Zoology. 18: 1-1803. gs


Botryopera compiled by the radiolaria@mikrotax project team viewed: 20-9-2021

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