radiolaria - rads_cenozoic - Buryella clinata

Buryella clinata


Classification: rads_cenozoic -> Artostrobiidae -> Buryella -> Buryella clinata
Sister taxa: B. clinata, B. dumitricai, B. foremanae, B. granulata, B. helenae, B. insensis, B. pentadica, B. petrushevskayae, B. tetradica, B. sp.

Taxonomy

Citation: Buryella clinata Foreman 1973
Rank: species
Basionym: Buryella clinata
Taxonomic discussion: Foreman 1973; Foreman 1975; Sanfilippo et al, 1985 p 668 fig 14.1

Catalog entries: Buryella clinata

Original description: Shell of four segments, with none of the strictures expressed externally. Cephalis subspherical with a few very small circular pores, bearing a broad-based, sharp, bladed, apical horn, its length up to twice that of the cephalis. Ridges from the horn diverge and extend to the collar stricture except ventrally where two ridges rejoin to enclose a vertical pore and form an upwardly directed tube. Collar stricture internally with four collar pores. Thorax truncate-conical with circular pores randomly or quincuncially arranged. Third segment largest, inflated, its greatest dimension medianly or in the distal half, with circular to subcircular pores, quincuncially arranged in transverse and diagonal rows. Fourth segment inversely truncate-conical proximally, cylindrical distally with thinner wall, and pores subcircular to elliptical in transverse rows, termination ragged.

(Based on 15 specimens) Length overall 140-195µm, length of cephalis and thorax 40-45µm, of third segment 50-75µm; greatest width 65-85µm.




PHYLOGENY Distinguishing characters (rw): The species described and illustrated here agrees will with the brief descriptions and illustrations of Nigrini [528:pl.2, fig.M] and of Riedel and Sanfilippo [2406:533]. It differs only in its greater size. This species is related to and distinguished from B. tetradica as described under that species. It differs from Theocorys trisulca Kozlova [1518:111, pl.17, fig.9] in the nature of the third (second?) segment which is described as having a tuberculate surface and round, scalloped, double contoured pores, unequal in size and irregularly spaced.[845:433]
The short, well developed apical horn has pronounced blades sufficiently wide to enclose the cephalis, and extending to the collar stricture. The third segment is the largest, with pores characteristically aligned transversely and diagonally. [2550:668]

Distinguished from its ancestor, Pterocodon ? anteclinata, by having a bladed rather than a conical apical horn.

VARIABILITY

Although the pores of the third segment typically are strictly aligned transversely and diagonally, very rare specimens have the pores of that segment irregularly arranged. The development of the fourth segment, and the degree of concavity of its outline, vary greatly. [2550:668] Phylogeny (rw): The limit between B. clinata and its ancestor Pterocodon (?) anteclinata Foreman [847:621] is drawn where the base of the horn becomes as wide as the cephalis. Co-occurring forms with which Buryella clinata might be confused are B. tetradica, in which the abdominal pores are aligned both longitudinally and transversely, commonly with longitudinal ridges separating the rows; and an undescribed form with less prominent horn, conical thorax with rough surface, distinct lumbar stricture, and thick-walled, inflated abdomen with regularly arranged pores. ([2550:668]
Remarks on original description: [equivalent to Lithocampe sp. Nigrini, in Cita, Nigrini, and Gartner, 1970, pl. 2, fig. M and
Lithocampium sp. Riedel and Sanfilippo, 1970, p.533, pl. 10, fig. 8.]

Description


Morphology:


Size:

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): within Paleogene Period (23.03-66.04Ma, top in Chattian stage). Data source: Lazarus et al. 2015 - "P age group"
First occurrence (base): within Paleogene Period (23.03-66.04Ma, base in Danian stage). Data source: Lazarus et al. 2015 - "P age group"

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Foreman, H. P. (1973a). Radiolaria of Leg 10 with systematics and ranges for the families Amphipyndacidae, Artostrobiidae, and Theoperidae. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 10: 407-474. gs

Foreman, H. P. (1975). Radiolaria from the North Pacific, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 32. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 32: 579-676. gs

Sanfilippo, A., Westberg-Smith, M. J. & Riedel, W. R. (1985). Cenozoic Radiolaria. In, Bolli, H. M. , Saunders, J. B. & Perch-Nielsen K. (eds) Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 631-712. gs


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Buryella clinata compiled by the radiolaria@mikrotax project team viewed: 29-9-2022

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