radiolaria - rads_cenozoic - Histiastrum

Histiastrum


Classification: rads_cenozoic -> Litheliidae -> Larnacillidae -> Histiastrum
Sister taxa: Circodiscus, Histiastrum, Phorticium
Daughter taxa (time control age-window is: 0-800Ma)
Histiastrum cruciferum

neptune records: 6
Histiastrum quaternarium

neptune records: 4
Histiastrum sp.

neptune records:

Taxonomy

Citation: Histiastrum Ehrenberg 1847
Rank: genus
Basionym: Histiastrum
Taxonomic discussion: Has been assigned to Pyloniidae, here assigned to Larnacillidae following new classification being developed by Suzuki & co-workers

Catalog entries: Histiastrum

Original description: Testae enucleatae e cellulis binis (longitudinaliter constrictae) aut e cellulis appositis multis coalitae (Effusae planae aut teretes et subglobosae).

Testarum cellulae concentricae aut spirales, tenues plurimae, passim ordine nullo spongiosae. Testae radiatae in stellae formam abeuntes (spongiosae). Radiis liberis spongiosis, membrana cellulosa, basi coniunctis.


Translated description: Test enucleate, with two chambers( longitudinally constricted), or formed of many chambers grown together (spread in a plane or rounded and subglobose). Chambers of test concentric or spiral, mostly delicate, spongy and irregular. Test radiate, in a stellate form (spongy). Radii free, spongy, joined at the base by a cellular membrane. (Translated from Latin by E.M.R. and W.R.R.)]
Remarks on original description: [Haeckel [1887a, p.544] and Campbell [1954, p.D87] both designate Histiastrum quaternarium Ehrenberg, 1873a as the type species of Histiastrum. However, this seems inappropriate, as this species was not among those first subsequently assigned to this genus. Species first subsequently assigned are Histiastrum fasciatum Haeckel, 1860a; H. trinacrium Haeckel, 1860a; H. ypsiloides Haeckel, 1860a.]

Description


Morphology:


Size:

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): at top of Chattian Stage (100% up, 23Ma, in Aquitanian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database
First occurrence (base): at base of Danian Stage (0% up, 66Ma, in Danian stage). Data source: Total of range of species in this database

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Ehrenberg, C. G. (1847). Uber die mikroskopischen kieselschaligen Polycystinen als machtige Gebirgsmasse von Barbados und uber das Verhaltniss der aus mehr als 300 neuen Arten bestehenden ganz eigenthumlichen Formengruppe jener Felsmasse zu den jetzt lebenden Tieren und zur. Bericht uber die zu Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Koniglichen Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 1847: 41-60. gs


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Histiastrum compiled by the radiolaria@mikrotax project team viewed: 4-7-2022

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Short stable page link: https://mikrotax.org/radiolaria/index.php?id=204321 Go to Archive.is to create a permanent copy of this page - citation notes



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