Siphonosphaera polysiphonia


Classification: rads_cenozoic -> Collosphaeridae -> Siphonosphaera -> Siphonosphaera polysiphonia
Sister taxa: S. cyathina, S. hyalina, S. magnisphaera, S. martensi, S. patinaria, S. polysiphonia, S. socialis, S. tenera, S. vesuvius, S. sp.

Taxonomy

Citation: Siphonosphaera polysiphonia Haeckel 1887
Rank: species
Basionym: Siphonosphaera polysiphonia
Taxonomic discussion: Haeckel; Hull, 1993 (ODP 136 SR), pl 1 figs 4&5; Nigrini & Moore 1979 p S95 pl 13 fig 2

Catalog entries: Siphonosphaera polysiphonia

Original description: Shell a regular or subregular sphere, bearing twelve to sixteen circular pores in its half meridian. Nearly one half the pores simple, very small; the other half prolonged into short cylindrical tubules, half as long as broad, two to four times as broad as the pores and their intervals. This species is nearly related to the foregoing, which it represents in the western tropical part of the Atlantic, but differs constantly in the double size of the shell and the much larger number of the tubules.

Diameter of the shell 0.06 to 0.09, of the pores 0.002 to 0.004, of the tubules 0.01 to 0-.012; their length 0.006 to 0.008, surface.
Remarks on original description: Haeckel listed Siphonosphaera polysiphonia under the subgeneric name Merosiphonia, but did not include the subgeneric name in the species name.

"...the foregoing..." refers to S. socialis Haeckel, 1887a

Description

Biogeography and Palaeobiology

Biostratigraphic distribution

Geological Range:
Last occurrence (top): Extant Data source: Lazarus et al. 2015 - "R age group"
First occurrence (base): within Quaternary Period (0.00-2.59Ma, base in Gelasian stage). Data source: Lazarus et al. 2015 - "R age group"

Plot of occurrence data:

References:

Haeckel, E (1887). Report on the Radiolaria collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the year 1873-1876, Zoology. 18: 1-1803. gs

Hull, D. M. (1993). Quaternary, Eocene, and Cretaceous Radiolarians from the Hawaiian Arch, Northern Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. 136: 3-25. gs

Nigrini, C. A. & Moore, T. C. Jr. (1979). A guide to modern Radiolaria. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication. 16: 1-260. gs


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Siphonosphaera polysiphonia compiled by the radiolaria@mikrotax project team viewed: 16-4-2021

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